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INFLUENCE OF METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS ON THE OCCURRENCE OF FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE IN KARNATAKA STATE*

Article Id: ARCC2353 | Page : 131-133
Citation :- INFLUENCE OF METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS ON THE OCCURRENCE OF FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE IN KARNATAKA STATE*.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2008.(42):131-133
S.H. Venkatesh, S. Prasanna Kumar, Sudhindra and V.R. Kasaralikar
Address : Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Veterinary College, Nandinagar, Bidar-585 401, India

Abstract

During the period of nine years (January, 1995 to December, 2003) the influence of meteorological
parameters on the foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in cattle, buffaloes and bovines (cattle and
buffaloes together) of Karnataka were analyzed. The results of the retrospective study indicated that
the minimum temperature with buffaloes and bovines; and rainfall with cattle, buffaloes and bovines,
were negatively correlated with outbreaks. Further analysis of data into various subgroups indicated
significantly (P≤0.01) higher outbreaks in up to 100 mm rainfall range areas along with this comparatively
higher outbreaks were recorded in maximum temperature of 27.1-31.00C, minimum temperature of
17.6-21.50C and morning humidity of 79.1-92.0%. Probably these factors may be acting as predisposing
factors responsible for the occurrence of FMD in Karnataka state.

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