The contribution of genetic and phenotypic parameters affecting fleece traits in 3/4th bred 2425
Bharat Merino Lambs sired by 154 rams over period of 1982-96 was evaluated. The year and season
of shearing, sex of lamb, type of birth, age and weight of lamb contributed 8 to 42% of the phenotypic
variability in the fleece traits. The least square means for the first and second six monthly greasy
fleece weights were 0.874±0.015 and 1.010±0.017 kg, and those of staple length, fibre diameter and
medullation percentage were 3.32±0.07 cm, 18.89±0.15 microns and 4.39±0.49 per cent, respectively.
Correspondingly, the heritability estimates were 0.54±0.13, 0.31±0.09, 0.76±0.15, 0.46±0.13 and
0.15±0.10, respectively .The estimates of genetic correlation among the fleece traits ranged from low
to high in magnitude. The wool yield had desirable and significant genetic association with the body
weight but undesirable association with the fibre diameter. These estimates revealed the scope for
the genetic improvement of these traits through appropriate selection index.