Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika, volume 37 issue 3 (september 2022) : 281-284

Prediction of Body Weight from Linear Body Measurements in Kashmiri (Kashir) Goat

Mubashir Ali Rather, Imran Bashir, Syed Shanaz, Safeer alam, Ruksana Shah, Amreen Hamdani, Shokat Ahanger, Shabir A. Mir
1Sheep Breeding Farm, Kralpathri, Budgam-191 111, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • Submitted14-03-2022|

  • Accepted06-07-2022|

  • First Online 20-09-2022|

  • doi 10.18805/BKAP490

Cite article:- Rather Ali Mubashir, Bashir Imran, Shanaz Syed, alam Safeer, Shah Ruksana, Hamdani Amreen, Ahanger Shokat, Mir A. Shabir (2022). Prediction of Body Weight from Linear Body Measurements in Kashmiri (Kashir) Goat. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika. 37(3): 281-284. doi: 10.18805/BKAP490.
Background: Kashmiri (Kashir) goat is nondescript and highly variable, medium sized, goat genetic resource of Kashmir. The goat possessing excellent survivability and is distributed in Kashmir valley. In Jammu and Kashmir, Gujjars and Bakerwals have adopted the sheep and goat rearing as their primary occupation. Body weights at different ages of life cycle of animals are important traits owing to their direct relation with farmers income.
Methods: Data on body weight and body measurements viz ear length (EL), body length (BL), body height at wither (BH), chest girth (CG) and tail length (TL) of 162 adult Kasmiri (Kashir) nondescript goats, irrespective of gender, were collected from Febuary 2019 to January 2020 to estimate the body weight from body measurements. The data were subjected to standard statistical analysis using SPSS software. Descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation was worked out to observe association among traits under study. The linear regression was utilized to predict body weight from linear body measurements.
Result: The average body weight (BW), ear length (EL), body length (BL), body height at wither (BH), chest girth (CG) and tail length (TL) of 36.94±0.99 kg, 13.13±0.36 cm, 55.48±0.43 cm, 65.93±0.62 cm, 69.61±0.73 cm and 12.94±0.15 cm, respectively were observed for Kashmiri goat in the present study. The body weight was having positive and significant correlations with BL, HW, CG and TL. The correlation of body weight with EL and TL was low. Similarly the correlation of body weight with HW was moderate whereas with BL and CG was significantly high indicating these two traits can define body weight of animal more accurately. Based on R2 (coefficient of determination) criteria, the best regression model for predicting body weight of Kashmiri goat was obtained by using combination of BL (body length) and CG (chest girth) with R2 (coefficient of determination) of 0.795. Prediction equation with R2 value of 0.806 was obtained when all traits were included in regression model where as prediction equation with R2 value of 0.589 was obtained when only chest girth was used as independent variable.

  1. Abbas, A., Ullah, M.A., Waheed, A. (2021). Body weight prediction using different data mining algorithms in Thalli sheep: A comparative study, Veterinary World. 14(9): 2332-2338.

  2. Adeyinka, I.A., Mohammed, I.D. (2006). Accuracy of Body Weight Prediction in Nigerian Red Sokoto Goats Raised in North Eastern Nigeria using Linear Body Measurement. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 9(15): 2828-2830.

  3. Adeyinka, I.A. and Mohammed, I.D. (2006). Relationship of live weight and linear body measurement in two breeds of goat of Northern Nigeria. J. Anim. and Vet. Advances. 5: 891-893.

  4. Afolayan, R.A., Adeyinka, I.A. and Lakpini, C.A.M. (2006). The estimation of live weight from body measurements in Yankasa sheep. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 51: 343-348.

  5. Alam, S., Kaur, J., Rather, M.A., Shanaz, S., Mir, S., Shah, R. and Hamdani, A. (2021). Socio-economic and management features of Purgi goat and their contribution in rural livelihood security. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021. SP-10(8): 1195-1197.

  6. Anonymous, (1984). Indian Archaeology. (A Review). 1981-82. 19.

  7. Anonymous. (2004). Directorate of Sheep Husbandry Kashmir division, Government of Jammu and Kashmir. http://

  8. Bassano, B., Bergero, D. and Peracino, A. (2003).  Accuracy of body weight prediction in Alpine Ibex (Capra ibex L. 1758) using morphometry. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr (Berl). 87(3-4): 79-85. 

  9. Berhe, W.G. (2017). Relationship and Prediction of Body Weight from Morphometric Traits in Maefur Goat Population in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. J. Biomet. Biostat. 8(5): 1-6. 

  10. Cam, M.A., Olfaz, M. and Soydan, E. (2010). Body measurements reflect body weights and carcass yields in Karayaka sheep. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 5(2): pp.120-127.

  11. Chitra, R., Rajendran, S., Prasanna, D., Kirubakaran, A. (2012). Prediction of body weight using appropriate regression model in adult female Malabari goat. Vet. World. 5(7): 409-411.

  12. Dakhlan, A., Hamdani, M.D.I., Putri, D.R., Sulastri, Qisthon, A. (2021). Short communication: Prediction of body weight based on body measurements in female saburai goat. Biodiversitas. 22(3): 1391-1396.

  13. Dakhlan, A., Saputra, A., Hamdani, M.D.I., Sulastri. (2020). Regression models and correlation analysis for predicting body weight of female ettawa grade goat using its body measurements. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(11): 1142-1146.

  14. Draper, N.R. and Smith, H. (1998). Applied Regression Analysis. John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York, USA.

  15. Fasae, O.A.1., Chineke, A.C.  and Alokan, J.A. (2005). Relationship Between Some Physical Parameters of Grazing Yankasa Ewes in the Humid Zone of Nigeria. Arch. Zootec. 54: 639-642.

  16. Habib, M.A., Akhtar, A., Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H., Choudhury, M.P., Afroz, M.F. (2019). Biometrical relationship between body weight and body measurements of black bengal goat (BBG). Curr. J. App. Sci. Tech. 35(2): 1-7.

  17. Hamayun, K., Muhammad, F., Ahmad, R., Nawaz, G., Rahimullah and Zubair, M. (2006). Relationship of body weight with linear body measurements in goats. J. Agri and Biological Sci. 1(3): 51-54. 

  18. Iqbal, M., Javed, K. and Ahmad, N. (2013). Prediction of body weight through body measurements in Beetal goats. 65(4): 458- 461.

  19. Islam, M.R., Saadullah, A.R., Howlider, M.A.R. and Huq, M.A. (1991). Estimation of live weight and dressed carcass weight from different body measurements in goats. J. Anim. Sci. 61(4): 460-461.

  20. Kumar, S., Dahiya, S.P., Malik, Z.S. and Patil, C.S. (2018). Prediction of body weight from linear body measurements in sheep. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(9).

  21. Lawrence, W.R. (1895). The Valley of Kashmir. H. Frowde.

  22. Moaeen-ud-Din, M., Ahmad., N.  Iqbal, A.  and Abdullah, M. (2006). Evaluation of different formulas for weight estimation in Beetal, Teddi and Crossbred (BeetalxTeddi) goats. The J. Anim. Plant Sci. 16(3-4): 70-74. 

  23. Musa, A.M., Idam, N.Z., Elamin, K.M. (2012). Regression analysis of linear body measurements on live weight in Sudanese Shugor Sheep. Online J. Anim. Feed Res. 2(1): 27-29.

  24. Raja, T.V., Venkatachalapathy, R.T., Kannan, A., Bindu, K.A. (2013). Determination of best-fitted regression model for prediction of body weight in Attappady black goats. Glob. J. Anim. Breed. Genet. 1(1): 20-25. 

  25. Rathar, M.A.,  Safeer, A., Shanaz, S., Khan, N.N., Majid, R., Ahmad, X. and Hamdani, T.  (2021). Zoo-technical Characteristics of Koshur goat. Indian Farming. 71(7): 19-22.

  26. Rather, M.A., Bashir, I., Hamdani, A., Khan, N.N., Ahangar, S.A., Nazki, M. (2021). Prediction of body weight from linear body measurements in Kashmir Merino sheep. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 9(2): 189-193.

  27. Rather, M.A., Hamdani, A., Ayaz, A., Shanaz, S., Mir, S.M., Nabi, N. (2020). Morphological, Phenotypic, Performance Traits of Nondescript Goats in Budgam district of Kashmir, Ruminant Science. 8(2):137-14.

  28. Ravimurugan, T., Thiruvenkadan, A.K., Sudhakar, K., Panneerselvam, S., Elango, A. (2013). The estimation of body weight from body measurements in Kilakarsal Sheep of Tamil Nadu India. Iranian J. Appl. Anim. Sci. 3(2): 357-360.

  29. Salako, A.E. (2006). Principal Component Factor Analysis of the Morphostructure of Immature Uda Sheep Análisis Factorial de los Principales Componentes de la Morfoestructura de Ovejas Uda Inmaduras Animal breeding and Genetics Unit, Department of Animal Science. University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Int. J. Morphol. 24(4): 571-774 

  30. Sharaby, M.A. and Sulleiman, I.O. (1987). Factors influencing meat production traits and their association with body weight dimensions. Word Review. Anim. Prod. 23(4): 86-88.

  31. Shettar, V.B. and Rudres, B.H. (2003). Body measurements of Bidri goats. Indian. Vet. J. 80: 367-368. 

  32. Snedecor, G.W. and  Cochran, W.G.  (1989). Statistical Methods. 8th ed. Iowa City: Iowa State University Press.

  33. Sowande, O.S. and Sobola, O.S. (2007). Body measurements of west African dwarf sheep as parameters for estimation of live weight Trop. Anim. Health and Prod. Original paper Online. 

  34. Tadesse, A., Gebremariam, T. (2010). Application of Linear Body Measurements for Live Body Weight Estimation of Highland Sheep in Tigray Region. North-Ethiopia. J. The Dry lands. 3(2): 203-207.

  35. Yakubu, A. (2009). Fixing collinearity instability in the estimation of body weight from morpho- biometrical traits of West African dwarf goats. Trakia J. Sci. 7: 61-66.

  36. Younas, U., Abdullah, M. Bhatti, J.A., Pasha, T.N., Ahmad, N., Nasir, M. and Hussain, A. (2013).  Inter-relationship of body weight with linear body measurements in Hissardale sheep at different stages of life. The J. Anim. Plant Sci. 23(1): 40-44.

Editorial Board

View all (0)