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Full Research Article
Progress and Performance of Agri-clinics and Agri-business Centres Scheme in India
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First Online 24-02-2023|
Methods: The study is based on the contemporary analysis of secondary data gathered from books, magazines, newspapers, reports, Publications, Research Articles and official websites from 1st April 2002 to 31st December 2021. Furthermore, the researcher acquired knowledge from both published and unpublished thesis in order to make the study interesting and beneficial.
Result: It is found from the analysis that Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh are the leading states in implementing the scheme successfully as compared to the Hilly States. A little attention is focused on hilly states in terms of training and establishing agriventures. Hence, the government should pay special attention to the hilly states and take suitable policy measures to meet the requirements of the farmers residing in Hilly areas and also on fulfilling the goals of the scheme.
Objectives of the AC and ABCs Scheme
• To provide affordable extension and other services on a payment basis or at free of cost to the target local needy farmers based on the Agri-Business model of gripreneurs.
• To contribute to the growth of agriculture and entrepreneurship.
• To generate lucrative self-employment opportunities for unemployed graduates in agriculture and allied courses.
The Indian government intended to extend its participation in agriculture and allied fields in order to promote agricultural development. As a result, the government formed a committee, chaired by Prof. M.S. Swaminathan, to identify agricultural deficiencies and give recommendations for overcoming them. As a result, the committee proposed that Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business centres be established to give consulting services to framers (Karjagi et al., 2009). The Indian government has decided to implement a system for Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business centres based on the committee’s suggestions. Following that, India’s finance minister recommended launching the Agri-Clinics and Centres project in the budget scheme on February 28, 2001. Table 1 presents a summary of India’s Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres scheme.
Objective of the study
The major objectives of the study are:
• To assess the present state of Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business centres Scheme in India.
• To appraise the performance of the Agri-Clinics and Agri- Business centres Scheme in India.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Table 2 postulates the evolution of ACandABCs in India. The total number of trained graduates found in the scheme is 77353. Among them only 42 per cent i.e., 32565 have established agriventures in 32 categories linked to agricultural and allied sectors through the support of 118 Nodal Training Institutes (NTIs) accredited by MANAGE across the country and the rest 58 per cent of trained graduates are unable to start agriventures because of financial distress, lack of interest and poor monitoring by the NTIs.
Agri-clinics and agri-business centres scheme: State-by-state progress and performance
Table 3 depicts the progress of the top ten (10) states which are implementing the scheme of AC and ABCs from 1st April 2002 to 31st December 2021.
Totally 32 states, including the union territory, are participating in the Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres scheme. Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh are identified as the states with the best overall performance of the Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business centres plan in terms of trained candidates, nodal training institutes and Agri-Business establishment. Maharashtra is the state with the most trained candidates (19825), followed by Uttar Pradesh (17221), Tamil Nadu (8236) and Madhya Pradesh (4441), Bihar (4241) and Karnataka (4228). In total, 32565 Agri-Businesses have been formed around the country through the Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres scheme. The state with the most Agri-Businesses developed in Maharashtra (9694), followed by Uttar Pradesh (8010), Tamil Nadu (3934) and Madhya Pradesh (1985). The remaining states, on the other hand, performed poorly in terms of trained candidates and Agri-Business businesses founded due to a lack of periodic oversight, a lack of financing available and a negative attitude toward Agriclinics, Agri-Business centres and the like.
Agri-clinics and agri-business centres scheme: Project-by-project progress and performance
Table 4 represents the best ten projects based on the total number of projects executed by agripreneurs from 1st April 2002 to31st December 2021.
MANAGE recognised 32 projects to be undertaken by the Agri graduates under the Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business centres scheme. Among the top ten projects, the Dairy/Poultry/Piggary/Goatary project has maximum undertaken (11286) by trained Agricultural graduates as a choice of agriventures establishment and it followed by Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres (8369), Agri-Clinics (5779), Veterinary Clinics (948) and Farm Machinery Unit (832). The other project of the scheme, on the other hand, is rarely taken up by Agri graduates due to a lack of adequate environment, product desirability, scope and demand in the market environment.
Agri-clinics and agri-business centres scheme: Training institute-by-training institute progress and performance
Table 5 illustrates the Nodal Training Institute-wise progress of the Agriclinic and Agri-Business centres scheme from 1st April 2002 to 31st December 2021.
National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE) is accountable for offering training to the applicants who meet the qualifying criteria through Nodal Training Institutes (NTIs) and stimulating them to set up Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business centres as part of the scheme. In addition, MANAGE recognised 118 NTIs for their contribution towards facilitating training under the scheme. Maharashtra has the maximum number of training institutes (26) followed by Uttar Pradesh (14) Tamil Nadu (13) Madhya Pradesh (9) andhra Pradesh (7), Karnataka (7) and Telangana (6). while, the other states are Goa (0) followed by Himachal Pradesh (0), Bihar (1), Jharkhand (1), Jammu and Kashmir and the like. Likewise, Union tertiary Delhi (0), Chandigarh (1) and Puducherry (1). subsequently, the hill states Nagaland (0), Sikkim (1), Arunachal Pradesh (1), Tripura (1), Assam (1) and Mizoram (1) have fewer nodal training institutes than the rest of the country.
Shree Maa Guru Gramodhyog Sansthan, Varanasi is a leading nodal training institute among all (118) NTIs with the most trained candidates (4412) and agriventures established (2643) followed by Krishna Valley Advanced Agriculture Foundation, Sangli, Jubilant Agriculture Rural Development Society, Moradabad and Voluntary Association for People Service, Madurai under the agriclinic and Agri-Business centres scheme. Whereas, Centurion University of Technology and Management (7), State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institute(SAMETI) and Sikkim (9) have the smallest number of trained candidates and the minimum number of agriventures established by State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institute(SAMETI), Sikkim (1), Agri Biotech Foundation, Hyderabad (1), State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institute(SAMETI), ARN (1), Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology (1), SRISTI Foundation, Ranchi (1) and Centurion University of Technology and Management (1) respectively. Inadequate agricultural graduates for training under the scheme is one of the major impediments to its successful implementation.
- Bondre, S.V., Gupta, N.S. and Sontakke, S.N. (2017). Agriclinics and agribusiness centres Scheme: Attracting and providing opportunities to agripreneurs. Rashtriya. 12(2): 71-75.
- Karjagi, R.H.S.S. and Vijaykumar, H.S. (2006). Performance of agriclinics and agribusiness centres scheme in south India. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Bangalore.
- Karjagi, R., Khan, H.S.S. and Vijaykumar, H.S. (2009). Problems of trained agripreneurs under the scheme of agriclinics and agribusiness centres in starting and running their agriventure: A study in South India. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science. 22(1): 233-234.
- MANAGE. (2021). Database available at Agri-Clinics and Agri- Business Centres Cell, MANAGE, Hyderabad, retrieved from http://www.agriclinics.net.
- Shekara, P.C. and Durga, P.K. (2007). Impact of agriclinics and agribusiness centers on the economic status of the farmers. The IUP Journal of Agricultural Economics. 4(3): 66-78.
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