Submitted Date : 15-12-2021
Accepted Date : 25-01-2022
Background: Mustard is one of the major rabi oilseed crops in Rajasthan. It is cultivated in all the districts of the state. At present, this widening gap between the demand and supply of edible oils is being bridged by the import of oil. The level of self-sufficiency in edible oil is currently up to 50 per cent, due to the adoption of advanced varieties and management techniques developed by scientists by the farmers, the production is increasing continuously. The major constraints responsible for lower yield are adoption of inappropriate production technologies by farmers. The yield of sesame can be increased substantially with adoption of improved practices such as improved variety, integrated nutrient management, seed treatment, sowing method and plant protection measure.
Methods: This study was conducted in Nagaur district of Rajasthan to analyse the yield and economics of mustard under frontline demonstrations. Each demonstration was set up on a 0.4 ha field. Before holding the demonstration, all the participating farmers were trained covering all the aspects of oil production and post-harvest management. The front-line demonstrations were conducted under the Supervision of Scientists, Agricultural Research Station, Mandor. The frontline demonstration includes improved technology, newly released varieties, recommended packages and practices, plant population maintenance and plant protection measures etc. This investigation is an attempt to study the enhancing mustard production through frontline demonstration.
Result: The results of study revealed that mustard yield under demonstrations was substantially higher over local check. The average yield obtained from the 25 frontline demonstrations was 16.23 per cent higher than the average yield obtained from local check. FLD participating farmers fetched better price of their produce as compared to the control group (local checks) during the study period. The average net returns obtained from demonstrations was Rs. 87379/hectare higher than the average net returns obtained from local check.