Drudgery reduction in operation of cleaner-cum-grader: An ergonomic intervention 

DOI: 10.18805/BKAP257    | Article Id: BKAP257 | Page : 219-225
Citation :- Drudgery reduction in operation of cleaner-cum-grader: An ergonomic intervention.Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika.2020.(35):219-225
R.R. Potdar, P.S. Tiwari, Prabhakar Shukla, Anurag Patel, Bikram Jyoti rrpotdar@gmail.com
Address : ICAR-Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Nabibagh, Bhopal-462 038, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 9-01-2021
Accepted Date : 19-01-2021

Abstract

A pedal-operated cleaner-cum-grader having common bicycle chain-sprocket mechanism to get the speeds of 240 and 720 rpm of eccentric shaft and  blower shaft, respectively for the desired cleaning/grading of grains was developed earlier by CIAE, Bhopal. Also, in order to utilize the human energy in more efficient way through pedalling mode, CIAE has recently developed a dynapod. The dynapod is a pedal operated rotary device, which can be used as an interface between human worker and any rotary-type machine. The developed dynapod was used to operate the cleaner-cum-grader to assess the drudgery reduction in its operation in comparison to original pedalling mechanism. The dynapod was interfaced with the cleaner-cum-grader by carrying out minor modifications in the original unit. Eight male agricultural workers with mean stature and weight as 168.4 cm and 54.4 kg, respectively participated in the study. The cleaner-cum-grader was used for cleaning and grading of soybean grains. Heart rate of the workers was measured during operation of cleaner-cum-grader using the dynapod as well as the original pedalling mechanism. Mean working heart rate during operation of machine with original pedalling mechanism was 114 beats min-1 as against 108 beats min-1 in case of pedalling with dynapod. The work pulse (ÄHR) with the original pedalling mechanism was 35 beats min-1 as against 29 beats min-1 during pedalling with dynapod. The output capacity of the machine increased from 303 kg h-1 in case of original pedalling mechanism to 345 kg h-1 with dynapod. Considering the cardiac cost as well as output of the machine, the drudgery reduction by using dynapod with cleaner-cum-grader was about 25.4% as compared to the original pedalling mechanism.

Keywords

Drudgery reduction Dynapod Heart rate Pedal-operated cleaner-cum-grader Work pulse

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