Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika, volume 35 issue 4 (december 2020) : 207-218

Cow Welfare: Only Sustainable Gaushalas can ensure it

Ajmer Singh, B.S. Chandel, A.K. Chauhan, M.L. Kamboj
1DESM Division National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
  • Submitted22-12-2020|

  • Accepted19-01-2021|

  • First Online 28-05-2021|

  • doi 10.18805/BKAP253

Cite article:- Singh Ajmer, Chandel B.S., Chauhan A.K., Kamboj M.L. (2021). Cow Welfare: Only Sustainable Gaushalas can ensure it. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika. 35(4): 207-218. doi: 10.18805/BKAP253.
Cow service occupies a very important place in the Indian psyche. The number of indigenous cows is continuously falling in India. They are released as soon as they become unviable to the owner. Due to this, the problem of stray animals starts to get deeper which is further deepened by the law on cow slaughter ban . Gaushalas are considered to be the best option for the management of  ever-growing stray cattle. Even before this problem arose, gaushalas existed in India to protect and maintain the cow dynasty for decades. Since gaushalas have to maintain less remunerative animals and their primary purpose of establishment has been the welfare of the cow, they need to be self-sufficient. Thus, it is important that their level of sustainablility is studied so that those indicators that have room for improvement can be indentified. Therefore, this paper addresses various aspects related to the welfare level of cow in the state of Haryana. It was found that net income is higher in Type A (financially supported by village communities) and larger size . To study the Sustainablility, the Combined Sustainability Index (CSI) has been developed and is higher in large-sized gaushalas (0.41). The over all CSI was  found to be 0.37, indicating low persistence of cowsheds in the study area. Animal welfare score were also measured and the correlation coefficient between welfarescore and CSI found more in Type A and larger sized.
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