Postpartum acyclicity and its management in bovines

DOI: 10.18805/BKAP251    | Article Id: BKAP251 | Page : 261-263
Citation :- Postpartum acyclicity and its management in bovines.Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika.2020.(35):261-263
Megha Pande, Suresh Kumar, N. Chand, N. Prasad, S. Saha, S. Tyagi, S. Arya Megha.Pande@icar.gov.in
Address : ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cattle, Meerut Cantt-250 001, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 16-12-2020
Accepted Date : 19-01-2021


Prolonged ovarian acyclicity after parturition is one of the major problems faced by Bovine (Cattle and Buffalo) owners under field conditions. The present study was conducted on pre-selected 18 healthy and high milk producing crossbred cattle and Murrah graded buffaloes of Meerut region that did not show heat signs for 60-120 days’ post-partum. The ultrasonographic studies and gynaecological examination of genitalia further revealed absence of any perceptible follicular or luteal structures (smooth ovaries). The animals were initially dewormed using Fenbendazole (5 mg/Kg Body weight) followed by oral supplementation of chelated mineral mixture (50 g/day/animal for 30 days). Furthermore, they received injection of Tonophosphan (Intervet, @ 10 mL I/M /animal/week) for four weeks.  Finally, after completing the above treatment, all were given an injection of GnRH (@ 5 mL I/M, Receptal®VET) and the treated animals were monitored for oestrus detection. The oestrus was induced in 13 out of 18 bovines (72.22 %). Overall, the study revealed that the combined effect of dewormer, mineral supplementation, Tonophosphan and GnRH injection could be used successfully to induce heat and resume cyclicity in high yielding postpartum acyclic bovines. It also reflected the necessity for the need of improvement in the plane of nutrition in high yielding animals. 


Acyclicity Buffalo Cattle GnRH Post-partum anoestrus


  1. Das, G. and Khan, F. (2010). Summer anoestrus in Buffalo – A Review. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 45: e483-e494.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0531.2010.01598.x.
  2. Dhoble, R.L. and Gupta, S.K. (1986). Serum calcium and inorganic phosphorous during postpartum anoestrous in buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Health. 25: 123 - 126.
  3. El-Wishy, A.B. (2007). The postpartum buffalo II. Acyclicity and anestrus. A Review. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 97: 216-236. 
  4. Rhodes, F.M., Dougall, Mc, Burke, C.R., Verkerk, G.A., Macmillan, K.L. (2003). Treatment of Cows with an Extended Postpartum Anestrous Interval. Journal of Dairy Science. 86 (6): 1876-1894.
  5. Kumar, S., Pandey, A.K., Razzaque, W.A.R. and Dwivedi, D. K. (2011). Importance of micro minerals in reproductive performance of livestock. Veterinary World. 4(5): 230-233.
  6. Mehrotra, S., Chaudhari, R.K. and Narayanan, K. (2015). Improvement of fertility using buserelin acetate in repeat breeding cattles. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction 36 (1): 50-53.
  7. Shah, R.G., Dhami, A.J., Patel, K.P., Patil, N.V. and F.S. Kavani. (2003). Biochemical and trace minerals profile in fertile and infertile postpartum Surti buffaloes. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction. 24: 16-21. 
  8. Shahzad, Q., Imran, M., Khan, H. and Wadood, M.A.L. (2016). Serum concentration of calcium, inorganic phosphorus and Magnesium in cyclic, non-cyclic and repeat breeder. Buffalo Bulletin. 35(1): 73-76.

Global Footprints