Comparative study of fodder halophytes in saline and alkaline soils

Sourabh Kumar, Ashwani Kumar, Praveen Kumar, Anita Mann, Pooja, Rakesh Kumar
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1ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana 
  • Submitted20-02-2020|

  • Accepted16-03-2020|

  • First Online 27-03-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/BKAP196

Cite article:- Kumar Sourabh, Kumar Ashwani, Kumar Praveen, Mann Anita, Pooja, Kumar Rakesh (2020). Comparative study of fodder halophytes in saline and alkaline soils. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika. 34(3): 237-240. doi: 10.18805/BKAP196.
A research was conducted in 2014-15 to know the usefulness of halophytes on saline and sodic stress with 3 halophytes and 6 treatments i.e Control (pH-7.0 and ECe-0.56), Sodic (pH-9.5 and 10.0) and Saline (ECe- 15, 25 and 35 dSm-1) which was done in Factorial randomized block design in small micro-plots in research area at Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana. We found that pHs of soils were less and ECe of soils were more affected by growing halophytes in this experiment. Dicanthium had more number of tillers and Suaeda had more number of branches under sodic stress. In case of Urochondra Setulosa, number of tillers had increased up to pH-9.5 thereafter it decreased. Likewise, all other plant nutrients concentration in the soil was found to be reduced which showed that halophytes utilized these nutrients for their growth under the stress conditions. the results showed that Dicanthuim annulatum can be grown as a fodder crop  under low to high sodic stress conditions whereas Suaeda nudiflora and Urochondra setulosa can be grown easily under saline soils/ irrigated condtions and in areas with sea water.
  1. Kumar, S., Kumar, A., Kumar, P., Kumar, R., Lata, C., Kumar, A., Soni, P.G. and Sheoran, P. (2015). Effect of salt stress on fodder yield and quality of grass and non- grass halophytes. Indian J. Anim. Nutri. 32(3): 295-299.
  2. Kumar A, Kumar A, Lata C and Kumar S.(2016). Eco-physiological responses of Aeluropus lagopoides (grass halophyte) and Suaeda nudiflora (non-grass halophyte) under individual and inter- active sodic and salt stress. South Afr J Bot. 105: 36.
  3. Kumar, A., Kumar, A., Kumar, P., Lata, C. and Kumar, S.(2018). Effect of individual and interactive alkalinity and salinity on physiological, biochemical and nutritional traits of Marvel grass. Indian J. of Exp. Bio. 56:573-581. 

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