Effect of Mineral Mixture and concentrate feed on onset of Puberty in cross bred cow heifers

DOI: 10.18805/BKAP193    | Article Id: BKAP193 | Page : 216-220
Citation :- Effect of Mineral Mixture and concentrate feed on onset of Puberty in cross bred cow heifers.Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika.2019.(34):216-220
A.K. Verma, S.K. Sharma, B.L. Ola, Rupender Kaur, Pankaj Sharma and P.K. Rai draveravet@gmail.com
Address : Krishi Vigyan Kendra, (ICAR-DRMR), Gunta-Bansur, Alwar, Rajasthan.
Submitted Date : 13-02-2020
Accepted Date : 12-03-2020

Abstract

Poor reproductive performance is serious limitation in exploiting the potential of cows in India. Cows are generally fed poor quality forages and imbalance mineral and concentrate mixture resulting in late maturity thereby causing economical losses to the farmers. Keeping in view present study was planned to observe the effect of mineral mixture and concentrate feed on onset of puberty of cross bred cow heifers. Eighteen cross bred cow heifers (10±1 months old) were divided into three groups (6 heifers in each) A, B and C. Group A  animals were reared traditionally as farmers practice, the animals were not given the mineral mixture, Urea molasses brick and balance ration. They were reared on dry fodder, seasonal green fodder and 0.5 kg concentrate (wheat/barley) per day, no deworming and served as control. Group B animals were first dewormed with anthelmintic drug, 3g bolus of Albendazole and daily offered 30 grams of mineral mixture and 1.5 kg concentrate mixture. The composition of concentrate mixture is on the basis of recommendation of National Research Council (NRC). Group C animals were also dewormed and fed with 30 grams of Urea Molasses brick and 1.5 kg Guaras concentrate feed per day. Data regarding onset of puberty was taken by observing estrous symptoms and further confirmed through rectal palpation. Asignificant effect of the mineral mixture and concentrate supplementation was noted on age at puberty. Heifers in group “A” reached to thepuberty at 22 ±0.76 months and animals in group “B” attained the same stage at 18±0.23 months while animals in group C attained the same stage at 19±0.66 months. Type of feedingstrategy of group B showed significant effect (P<0.01) on age at puberty over feeding strategy of group A and C. It appears from the results of this study that farmers could save tremendous time andresources by feeding mineral mixture and balance concentrate to young growing stock for better animal production.

Keywords

Mineral mixture Concentrate Puberty Cross bred cow heifers

References

  1. Bosticco, A., A. Bonomi and M. Gavioli (1970). Relationship between energy value of the ration and fertility in cattle. Atti-della-Societa-Italiana-delle- Scienze-Veterinarie, 24: 322-323.
  2. Campanile, R. Di Palo, B. Gasparrini, N. T. D’occhio and L. Zicarelli (2001). Effects of early management system and subsequent diet on growth and conception in maiden buffalo heifers Livestock Production Sci. 71(1-2):183-191.
  3. Chaudhary, S. and A. Singh, 2004. : Role of Nutrition in Reproduction: A review. Intas Polivet, 5: 229-234.
  4. Dabas, Y. P.S., Varshney, A.C., and Saxena, O. P. (1987) Indian Vet. J. 64: 1950
  5. Fajerson, P., A. S. Vbarrad, H. Roman, M. Ponce and R. M. Cook, (1991). The effect of dietary protein on age and weight at the onset of puberty in Brown Swiss and Zebu heifers in the tropics. Theriogenology, 35(4): 845-855.
  6. Green, L.W., Johnson, A.B., Paterson,J. and Ansotegui (1998) Feedstufs Vol.70,No.34.
  7. Heinrichs, A. J (1993). Raising dairy replacements to meet the needs of the 21st century. J. Dairy Sci. 76: 3179-3187.
  8. Heinrichs, A. J., B. S. Heinrichs, O. Harel, G. W. Rogers and N. T. Place (2005). A prospective prospective study of calf factor affecting age, body size and body condition score at first calving of Holstein dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 88:2828-2835.
  9. Judson, G.J., et.al. (1997) Vitamin B 12 responses to cobalt pillets in beef cows. Australian. Vet. J., 75: 660-662. 
  10. Khanum, S.A., M. Hussain, L. Jabbar, R. Kausar, A.M. Cheema and M.A. Jabbar (2012). Effect of concentrate supplementation on age at maturity in growing buffalo heifers. J. Anim. and Plant Sci. 22 (3 suppl.): 329-331.
  11. Kreplin, C., and Yaremcio, B. (1992) Effects of nutrition on beef cow reproduction. Agdex 420/511. 
  12. NRC, (1978). Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle (5th. Ed.). National Academy of Science, Washington D. C.
  13. N.R.C., (2006). Nutrient Requirement of Dairy Cattle. 7th revised Ed., National AcademyPress, Washington, D.C.
  14. Patterson, D. J., R. C. Perry, G. H. Kiracofe, R. A. Bellows, R. B Staigmiller, and L. R. Corah. 1992. Management considerations in heifer development and puberty. J. Anim. Sci. 70:4018-4035
  15. Puls, R. (1994) Mineral Levels in Animal Health. Diagnostic Data, second Ed. Sherpa international, Clear brook, B. C. Canada. 
  16. Razzaque, M. A., S. A. Mohammed, and T. Al-Mutawa (2010). Dairy heifers rearing in hot arid zone: An economic assessment. Amer. J. Applied Sci. 7: 466-472.
  17. Satish Kumar. (2003). “Management of infertility due to mineral deficiency in dairy animals”. In proceedings of ICAR summer school on “Advance diagnostic techniques and therapeutic approaches to metabolic and deficiency diseases. 
  18. Tuormaa, T. E. (2000) Chromium Selenium Copper and other trace minerals in health and reproduction. Journal of orthomolecular medicine. 15: 145-157. 

Global Footprints