Eco - Friendly System of Cropping

DOI: 10.18805/BKAP191    | Article Id: BKAP191 | Page : 178-185
Citation :- Eco - Friendly System of Cropping.Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika.2019.(34):178-185
Vijay Kumar, Veer Sain and D.P. Malik v_jay1977@yahoo.com
Address : College of Agricultural, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana)
Submitted Date : 8-02-2020
Accepted Date : 4-03-2020

Abstract

Suitable to environment or eco-friendly means not harmful to our system of environment i.e. not harmful to land, air etc. Presently, due to agriculture mainly a lot of pollutants are added day by day in our environment. Because of these pollutants, the soil fertility is decreasing, the fear of disease in living beings are increasing, a lot of poiseness chemicals and gases prevails in the environment. There is a great need to the use such a cropping system which is suitable to environment i.e Eco- friendly system of cropping. The Eco-friendless of cropping system may be viewed from two different angles i.e systems which help in soil and water conservation and system which reduce the use of pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, organic fertilizers. As far as the pesticides use is concerned at national level, it is a still for below the alarming proportions. Inclusion of such crops in the cropping systems in problem areas can play a significant role in minimizing the use of agro-chemicals in the crop production. In Haryana the use of fertilizer is increasing at a very high rate. The use of fertilizers (N, P, K) has increased 17.20 times in 2017-18 from 1970-71. The use of pesticides was also increased from 0.13 tonne to 0.57 tonnes per hectare in 2017-18 from 1970-71 and this increase is about 4.38 times. But the production of food-grain in the year 2016-17 increases only 3.79 times of production in 1970-71. Similarly, the average yield of important crops in Haryana shows a little increase in their production. There is only 1.5 to 2 times increase in average yield (kg/hec.) from that of average yield in 1970-71. It may be concluded that the consumption of fertilizer and pesticides are increasing at very high rate as compared to the production of the crops. 

Keywords

Cropping system Fertilizers use pattern Sustainable farming Organic farming Fertilizer Pesticides IPM Water Management Weed & Pest Management Pollution of Ground water

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