Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 4.75

  • SJR .118 (2022)

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus

Economics of Poultry Waste Management Policy in South East Nigeria: Exploring the Determinants using Choice Experiment Model

C.C. Onyia, B.C. Okpukpara, A. Onyekuru
  • Email
1Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
Cite article:- Onyia C.C., Okpukpara B.C., Onyekuru A. (2022). Economics of Poultry Waste Management Policy in South East Nigeria: Exploring the Determinants using Choice Experiment Model. Agricultural Science Digest. 42(4): 494-499. doi: 10.18805/ag.DF-444.
Background: The study was motivated by the lack of poultry waste management policy in Nigeria to develop better initiatives for the development of green and alternative energy sources to mitigate climate change. Multiplicities of researches have neglected the research in this area despite the environmental health concerns and benefits associated with it. 
Methods: The study was conducted in 2019. Three states with a high concentration of poultry farmers in South East Nigeria were selected. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select poultry farmers and policy actors for the study. Data sourced from primary sources were analyzed with descriptive statistics inferential statistics and a choice experiment model. 
Result: The result from the study showed that all the farmers depended on fossil fuel for processing and preservation while only 5.79 per cent depended on biogas energy sources. In addition, the study showed that the farmers’ preference for pollution control was significantly determined by pollution fee (p<0.01), biogas subsidy (p<0.01), technical standard (p<0.01) and manure handling rate (p<0.01) and the manure market (p<0.01). The result of the interaction of the coefficient of variable showed that socio-economic characteristics were significantly determined by education (p<0.05) and environmental condition assessment (p<0.01). The study suggests the incorporation of biogas subsidy in the national subsidy framework to attract the deserved attention from farmers, private and public on the economic and health benefits of environmental protection.

  1. Abdulkarimm, I.B. Lambu, B.Y. Ahmed and Sheriff, F.M. (2013). Attitude on biogas as an alternative domestic energy in urban kano. Academic Research International. 4(6): 25-31. 

  2. Ac-Chukwuocha, N.B., Ogbuagu, D.H., Okoro, V.O. (2011). A comparative analysis of methane emission from livestock farms in Enugu, Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 1(6A): 908-919.

  3. Adamowicz, W., Boxall, P., Williams, M., Louviere, J. (1998). Stated preference approaches for measuring passive use values: Choice experiments and contingent valuation. Am. J. Agric. Econ. 80: 64-75.

  4. Adeoye, P.A., Hasfalina, C.M., Amin, M.S.M. Thamer, A.M. and Akinbile, C.O. (2014). Environmental implication of poultry waste generation and management techniques in Minna, Semi-arid Region of Nigeria. Annual Research and Review in Biology. 4(10): 1669-1681.

  5. Akanni, K.A. and Benson, O.B. (2014). Poultry waste management strategies and environmental implications on human health in Ogun State, Nigeria. Soil and Water Resources. 7(1): 18-26.

  6. Anosike, V. (2007). Health implications of poultry waste utilization for urban agriculture: An eco-health approach. Epidemiology. 18(5): 4-7.

  7. Anukam, L.C. (1997). Case Study IV-Nigeria. In: Water Pollution Control: A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles, [Helmer, R. and I. Hespanhol, (Eds.)]. Taylor and Francis, Washington. DC: WHO/UNEP, ISBN-13: 9780419229100.

  8. Bennett, J., Blamey, R. (2001). The Choice Modelling Approach to Environmental Valuation. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.

  9. Chigasa, C.U., Ibeto, C.N., Okpara, C.G., Nwoke, O.O., Obi, I.O., Nnaji, C.E., Oparaku, O.U. and Unachukwu, G.O. (2010).  Level of awareness and utilization of biogas technology in south-eastern zone of Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Agricultural Research. 5(5): 569-574.

  10. Dan P., Zhau, G., Zhang, N. and Zhang, L. (2016). Farmers preferences for livestock pollution control policy in China. A choice experiment method. Journal of cleaner production. 131: 572-582.

  11. Food and Agricultural Organization, FAO. (2017). FAO’s Work on Climate Change. United Nations Climate Change Conference 2017. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i8037e.pdf.

  12. Greene, W.H. (2011). Econometric Analysis. Prentice Hall.

  13. Hogan, K. (2002). A sociocultural analysis of schools and community settings as sites for developing environmental practitioners. Journal of Environmental Education Research. 8(4): 413-437.

  14. Kalu, E., Ajaruonye, A.N. and Okwara, N. (2016). Waste Management Practices in Selected Poultry Farms in Umuahia, Abia State. Journal of Veterinary Advances. 6(9): 1310-1316.

  15. Louviere, J.J., Hensher, D.A., Swait, J.D. (2000). Stated Choice Methods: Analysis and Applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  16. McFadden, D. (1974). Published in: Frontiers in econometrics. New York [U.A.]: Academic Press, ISBN 0-12-776150-0. 

  17. Mittal, S., Ahlgrena, E.O. and Shuklab, P.R. (2018). Barriers to biogas dissemination in India: A review. Energy Policy. 112: 361-371.

  18. Mijinyawa, Y. and Dlamini, B.J. (2006). Livestock and poultry wastes management in Swaziland. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 18. Article #88.

  19. National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act (NESREA) (2007). Retrieved 20th January 2018.

  20. Okoli, I.C., Alaehie, D.A., Akanno E.C., Okoli, C.G., Opara, M.N., Uchegbu, M.C., Ogundu, U.E. and Iheukwumere, F.C. (2004). Concentrations of aerial pollutant gases in selected poultry pens in Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science. 3(6): 427-431.

  21. Onu, D.O., Offor, E.I., Okpara, B.O. (2015). Poultry wastes management strategies and environmental implications in Abia State. International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science. 5(6): 159-164.

  22. SAHEL. (2015). An Assessment of the Nigerian Poultry Sector. http://sahelcp.com/an-assessment-of-the-nigerian-poultry- sector/.Sahel11, 1-3. retrieved Dec. 2021.

  23. World Bank. (2017). Livestock Productivity and Resilience Support Project. Washington, D.C.

  24. Wu, L., Yin, S., Xu, Y. and Zhu, D. (2014). Effectiveness of China’s organic food certification policy: Consumer preferences for infant milk formula with different organic certification labels. Can. J. Agric. Econ. 62: 545-568.

Editorial Board

View all (0)