Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 42 issue 6 (december 2022) : 703-709

Challenges and Opportunities in the Adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture Practices by Smallholder Farmers in Ethiopia

Birhanu Dabesa, J. Paul Mansingh, Firafis Haile, A. Nisha, Warkaw Lagese
1VIT School of Agricultural Innovations and Advanced Learning, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore-632 014, Tamil Nadu, India.
Cite article:- Dabesa Birhanu, Mansingh Paul J., Haile Firafis, Nisha A., Lagese Warkaw (2022). Challenges and Opportunities in the Adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture Practices by Smallholder Farmers in Ethiopia. Agricultural Science Digest. 42(6): 703-709. doi: 10.18805/ag.DF-443.
Background: Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an approach to increase farmers’ income and agricultural production by adapting to the changing climatic conditions. Ethiopian agriculture is predominantly rain-fed and vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Adoption of CSA practices and technologies among smallholder farmers remains low. 
Methods: This study was carried out in Ambo district, Oromia region, Ethiopia to assess the challenges faced by smallholder farmers in the adoption of CSA. A semi-structured interview schedule was used to collect data from 156 respondents from 3 rural villages. 
Result: Crop residue management and mulching faced stiff competition with livestock feeding since crop residues are allowed for grazing by livestock. Hence, it is suggested to promote the cultivation of fodder grasses. Minimum tillage was practiced by only a few farmers in the study area. The farmers’ belief on minimum tillage should be changed through proper education, training and result demonstration on the advantages of minimum tillage. The awareness of integrated nutrient and soil management should be enhanced by creating awareness of the benefits of soil testing. 

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