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Effect of pH on Soil Chemical Properties and Maize Performance in Abakaliki, Nigeria

DOI: 10.18805/ag.DF-409    | Article Id: DF-409 | Page : 337-340
Citation :- Effect of pH on Soil Chemical Properties and Maize Performance in Abakaliki, Nigeria.Agricultural Science Digest.2022.(42):337-340
J.N. Nwite, A.J. Ajana, I. Alinchi nwitejamesn@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Soil Science and Environmental Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources Management, Ebonyi State University, P.M.B 053 Abakaliki, Nigeria.
Submitted Date : 22-09-2021
Accepted Date : 4-12-2021

Abstract

Background: Low soil productivity in Nigeria and Africa sub sahara is considered as one of the major causes of food insecurity and under nutrition. This area is considered among the most regions affected by acidity on soil nutrients optimization. Despite of its severity, there is limited knowledge about limiting effect of pH on nutrients availability and maize yield in the state. Evolving a technology that does not depend on traditional system of amendment for pH assessment for increased soil productivity must first of all go through a good knowledge of the nature and distribution of soil studied. The present study aimed to evaluate three pH (4, 7 and 9) values on soil chemical properties in the state and assess maize performance under these conditions in order to control and manage pH related problems. 
Methods: In the field-laboratory investigation during 2018-2019 at different localities of Ebonyi State were surveyed. Three sampling localities were selected based on geographical situation, climate and local condition. In the laboratory, the soil samples of natural stock collected were processed for mean pH values and confirmed with pH meter using standard laboratory method. Maize was used as test crop to assess effect of pH on its performance. 
Result: Our investigations in Ebonyi State have allowed us to inventory three pH values. Among the inventoried pH values, some are regarded adverse for soil productivity. The implication of soil pH on nutrients availability and maize performance was discussed. The current work will be a complementary contribution of detailed study of effect of pH on soil productivity.

Keywords

Chemical properties Evaluate pH Soil Yield

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