Loading...

Impact of Covid-19 on Livestock Production Chain and its Consequences on Food Security: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ag.DF-395    | Article Id: DF-395 | Page : 196-202
Citation :- Impact of Covid-19 on Livestock Production Chain and its Consequences on Food Security: A Review.Agricultural Science Digest.2022.(42):196-202
Jean Bosco Nzeyimana, Joseph Butore, Libère Ndayishimiye, Melchior Butoyi nzeyimana26@gmail.com
Address : College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University, 130 Changjiang West Road, 230036 Hefei, P.R. of China.
Submitted Date : 14-08-2021
Accepted Date : 22-10-2021

Abstract

Covid-19 represents an unprecedented public health threat and a severe crisis of society globally. Government agencies, policymakers and the global institutions, on the other hand, should give particular attention to and try to alleviate the problem (present and prospective) of the pandemic and related crisis response on key sectors that contribute to food stability, nutrition and livelihoods. The livestock sector plays an essential role in these areas, particularly for the particularly vulnerable population groups. Covid-19’s effects on livestock production are still largely unsubstantiated and not fully felt. Although case studies are not yet possible, observational data show interruptions in livestock’s entire value chain. The consequences of Covid-19 on the livestock production chain are in particular interruptions throughout the entire livestock value chain, lack of sales markets, import/export restrictions due to border closures, substantial financial losses to producers, increased cases of food insecurity.

Keywords

Covid-19 Global food security Global health crisis Livestock production chain

References

  1. Biswal, J., Vijayalakshmy, K. and Rahman, H. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 and associated lockdown on livestock and poultry sectors in India. Veterinary World. 13(9): 1928- 1933. https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2020.1928- 1933.
  2. Cucinotta, D. and Vanelli, M. (2020). WHO declares COVID-19 a Pandemic. In: Acta Biomedica. Mattioli 1885. 91(1): 157- 160). https://doi.org/10.23750/abm.v91i1.9397.
  3. D’Souza, D.N. and Dunshea, F.R. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on the Australian pork industry. Animal Frontiers. 11(1): 19- 22. https://doi.org/10.1093/af/vfaa058.
  4. Gomez, E.J. (2020). Canned meat prices expected to rise. The Manilla Times. https://www.msn.com/en-ph/news/national/canned-meat-prices-expected-to-rise/ar-BB18x5HA- Accessed date 2020.11.16.
  5. FAO. (2020a). Addressing the impacts of COVID-19 in food crises. United Nations. https://doi.org/10.4060/ca9123en.
  6. FAO. (2020b). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)/ Addressing the Impacts of COVID-19 in Food Crises, April–December 2020, May update, FAO’s Component of the Global COVID-19 Humanitarian Response Plan (Issue May update). FAO. https://doi.org/10.4060/ca9192en%0A.
  7. FAO. (2020c). Mitigating the impacts of COVID-19 on the livestock sector. April.
  8. FAO. (2020d). Responding to the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on food value chains through efficient logistics (Issue April). https://doi.org/doi.org/10.4060/ca8466en.
  9. Gauly, M., Chemineau, P., Rosati, A. and Sartin, J. (2021). COVID-19 pandemic-how and why animal production suffers? Animal Frontiers. 11(1): 3-5. https://doi.org/10.1093/af/vfaa059.
  10. Gibbins, J. D., Hale, C., Silver, M., Fischer, M., Steinberg, J., Basler, C.A., Jacobs, J.R., Kennedy, E.D., Tomasi, S., Trout, D. and Hornsby-myers, J. (2020). COVID-19 among workers in meat and poultry processing facilities. 69(18): 557-561.
  11. GNAFC. (2020). Key takeaways of the Global Network Against Food Crises on Preventing a food catastrophe during the COVID-19 pandemic. Global Network against Food Crises.
  12. Gorbalenya, A.E., Baker, S.C., Baric, R.S., de Groot, R.J., Drosten, C., Gulyaeva, A.A., Haagmans, B.L., et al. (2020). The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS- CoV-2. Nature Microbiology. 5(4): 536-544. https://doi.org/ 10.1038/s41564-020-0695-z.
  13. Gu, H., Daly, T., Mano, A. and Potter, M. (2020). FACTBOX-China suspends meat imports from various origins amid COVID-19 pandemic. REUTERS. https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/factbox-china-suspends-meat-imports-from-various-origins-amid-covid-19-pandemic/ar-BB16hP52; Accessed 2020.11.16
  14. HLPE. (2020a). Impact of COVID-19 on food security and nutrition (FSN). United Nations, March, 1-8.
  15. HLPE. (2020b). Impacts of COVID-19 on food security and nutrition: Developing effective policy responses to address the hunger and malnutrition pandemic. High Level Panel of Experts Issues Paper, September.
  16. IPPA. (2020a). Covid-19 impacts on Illinois hog producers and pork processing industry.
  17. IPPA. (2020b, November 10). Illinois Pork Producers | Covid-19 Impacts. https://ilpork.com/farmers-care/covid-19-impacts.
  18. Kumar, J. (2020). Covid: Indian poultry feed manufacturers incurring losses. All about Feed.
  19. Laborde, B. D., Martin, W., Swinnen, J. and Vos, R. (2020). COVID- 19 risks to global food security. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 369(6503): 500-502.
  20. Lewis, L. (2020). Coronavirus serves up a surplus of Wagyu beef. Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/bb540839- 2f63-43bc-897c-b73b2d9f6dc7).
  21. Lin, S.K. and Vazquez, F. (2021). COVID: A New Peer-reviewed Journal on Coronaviruses and Coronaviruses-Diseases. Covid. 1(1): 1-1. https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1010001.
  22. Lu, H., Stratton, C.W. and Tang, Y.W. (2020). Outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China: The mystery and the miracle. Journal of Medical Virology, 92(4): 401-402. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25678.
  23. Lynch, K. and Corps, M. (2020). Covid-19 and Livestock Market Systems the Impact of Covid-19 on Livestock-based economies in the Horn of Africa (Issue August).
  24. Marchant-Forde, J.N. and Boyle, L.A. (2020). COVID-19 Effects on Livestock Production: A One Welfare Issue. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 7(September): 1-16. https://doi.org/ 10.3389/fvets.2020.585787.
  25. Mintert, J. (2020). Covid-19 Impacts on Pork and Beef. In: Purdue University. Center for Commercial Agriculture. (pp. 1- 6).
  26. Net, F. (2020). GLOBAL Special Report August 2020 Impacts of COVID-19 on crop and livestock production Global summary East Africa (Issue August, pp. 1-35). FAO.
  27. OECD. (2020a). COVID-19 and Global Food Systems. OECD, June, 7.
  28. OECD. (2020b). Food Supply Chains and COVID-19: Impacts and Policy Lessons. Comparing Crises: Great Lockdown versus Great Recession, June, 1–11.
  29. Saravanan, K. P., Silambarasan, P., Manivannan, A., Sasikala, V. and Sivakumar, T. (2021). Constraints and management practices of dairy farming during COVID-19 pandemic situation. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 40(1): 20-24. https://doi.org/10.18805/ajdfr.dr-1620.
  30. Schmidhuber J. and Pound J. and Qiao B. (2020). COVID-19: Channels of Transmission to Food and Agriculture (FAO).
  31. Vijayaraghavan, R., Naveenkumar, V., Nag, B.S.P. and Porteen, K. (2020). The Possible Risk of Reverse Zoonosis in COVID-19: An Epidemiological Driving Approach for the One Health Future Challenges: A Review. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 39(3): 173-179. https:// doi.org/10.18805/ajdfr.dr-1543.
  32. World Bank. (2020). Food Security and COVID-19. https://doi.org/ BRIEF OCTOBER 15, 2020
  33. Zangrillo, A., Beretta, L., Scandroglio, A.M., Monti, G., Fominskiy, E., Colombo, S., Morselli, F., et al. (2020). Characteristics, treatment, outcomes and cause of death of invasively ventilated patients with COVID-19 ARDS in Milan, Italy. Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine. 22(3): 200-211.

Global Footprints