Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 4.75

  • SJR 0.156

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Science Digest, volume 42 issue 3 (june 2022) : 322-326

Influence of Vegetable and Fruit Wastes Vermicompost on the Growth and Yield of Black Gram (Vigna mungo L.)

Pinky Raihing, A. Vijayalakshmi
1Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore-641 043, Tamil Nadu, India.
Cite article:- Raihing Pinky, Vijayalakshmi A. (2022). Influence of Vegetable and Fruit Wastes Vermicompost on the Growth and Yield of Black Gram (Vigna mungo L.). Agricultural Science Digest. 42(3): 322-326. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-5492.
Background: Composting is the process of breaking down of organic matter using living organisms which can be used as manure for soil conditioning. Vermicomposting is the rapid decomposition of biowastes using earthworm species which will enhance the growth and yield of plants.
Methods: The vermicomposting of vegetable and fruit wastes was carried out during summer season (May-July) and by using the vermicompost a pot culture experiment was conducted in black gram for three months from August to October, 2019. The treatments consist of combinations of vermicomposted wastes and cowdung along with bioinoculants, Soil served as control. The biometric parameters such as root length, shoot length, fresh weight and dry weight on 15, 35, 55 DAS and yield characters like number of pods/plants, number of seeds/pods, pod length, weight of seed/pod, pod fresh weight and pod dry weight were recorded and statistically analysed. The present study has been attempted to convert the vegetables and fruit waste into compost as manure and analyse its effect on vegetative growth and yield parameters of Black gram (Vigna mungo L.).
Result: The highest value of shoot length, root length, fresh weigh and dry weight were noted in fruit waste + cow dung + Pleurotus eous (APK1) + Trichoderma asperelloides Eudrilus eugeniae on 15, 35 and 55 day after sowing (DAS) and the least was reported in control (only soil). The application of T8 treatment reported the highest yield characters which were followed by other treatments and control on 15, 35 and 55 DAS. The study concluded that T8 (F.W + cow dung + P. eous + T. asperelloides Eudrilus eugeniae) is an effective biocompost for the growth and yield of black gram (Vigna mungo L.) which is eco-friendly.

  1. Achsah, R.S. and Prabha, M.L. (2013). Potential of vermicompost produced from banana waste (Musa paradisiaca) on the growth parameters of Solanum lycopersicum. International Journal of Chemtech Research. 5: 2141-2153.

  2. Al-Sabbagh, T., Tareq Madouh, Craig, A.M. and Sugumaran, K. (2020). Influence of dead sheep compost material using aerobic technique on the growth of leafy vegetables in kuwait under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Agriculture and Horticulture Research. 3(2): 31-37.

  3. Badar, R. and Qureshi, S.A. (2014). Composted rice husk improves the growth and biochemical parameters of sunflower plants. Journal of Botany. Article ID 427648, 6 pages.

  4. Barik, A.K. (2017). Organic farming in India: Present status, challenges and technological breakthrough. In 3rd Conference on Bio-resource and Stress Management International. (pp. 101-110).

  5. Coulibaly, S.S., Kouassi, K.I., Koffi, K.K. and Zoro, B.I A. (2019). Effect of compost from different animal manures on maize (Zea mays) growth. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences. 7(2): 178-185.

  6. Faheed, F.A. and Fattah, Z.A. (2008). Effect of Chlorella vulgaris as biofertilizers on growth parameters and metabolic aspects of lettuce plant. Journal of Agriculture and Social Science. 4: 165-169.

  7. Hyder, S.I., Farooq, M., Sultan, T., Ali, A., Ali, M., Kiani, M.Z., Ahmad, S. and Tabssam, T. (2015). Optimizing yield and nutrients content in tomato by vermicompost application under greenhouse conditions. Natural Resources. 6: 457-464.

  8. Joshi, D., Gediya, K.M., Patel, J.S., Birari, M.M. and Gupta, S. (2016). Effect of organic manures on growth and yield of summer cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] under middle Gujarat conditions. Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal. 36(2): 134-137.

  9. Kamble, M.Y., Kalalbandi, B.M., Kadam, A.R. and Rohidas, S.B. (2016). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth, green pod yield and economics of french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cv. HPR-35. Legume Research- An International Journal. 39(1): 110-113.

  10. Mehdizadeh, M., Darbandi, E.I., Naseri-Rad, H. and Tobeh, A. (2013). Growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) as influenced by different organic fertilizers. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. 4(4): 734-738.

  11. Pinky Raihing and Vijayalakshmi, A. (2020). Biocomposting of fruit wastes into manure and its effects on the growth, chlorophyll content and yield parameters of black gram (Vigna mungo L.). Proteus Journal. 11(10): 70-83.

  12. Ropo, A.D., Ojochegbe, Y.D., Amina, I.V. and Ugbojo-Ide, O.J. (2020). Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on agro- morphological traits of tomato [Solanum lycopersicum (L.) Moench]. GSC Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 11(2): 314-319.

  13. Sajjan, A.S., Malabasari, T.A. and Shashidhar, T.R. (2020). Seed and yield parameters as influenced by season and plant growth regulators in dolichos bean [Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet]. Legume Research: An International Journal, 43(6): 856-860.

  14. Sakthivigneswari, G. and Vijayalakshmi, A. (2017). Biocomposting technology and microbial populations of agroindustrial waste using pleurotus sajor-caju and earthworm (Eudrilus eugeniae). International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 8(2): 679-685.

  15. Sharma, A., Chetani, R., Batra, N.G., Saxena, A. and Trivedi, P. (2019). Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Performance of (Spinacia oleracea L.) Journal of Phytological Research. 32(1 and 2): 17-22.

  16. Silpa, M. and Vijayalakshmi, A. (2020). Effect of cocoa shell biocompost to improve the growth parameters of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp].  International Journal of Current Advanced Research. 09(01): 21114-21118.

  17. Silpa, M. and Vijayalakshmi, A. (2021). Efficiency of biocomposted agroindustrial wastes and their response in the growth and yield of [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp]. Agricultural Science Digest - A Research Journal. doi:10.18805/ ag.d-5321.

  18. Sinha, J., Biswas, C.K., Ghosh, A. Saha, A. (2010). Efficacy of Vermicompost against fertilizers on Cicer and Pisum and on population diversity of N2 fixing bacteria. Journal of Environmental Biology. 31: 287-292.

  19. Sivakumar, P. and Karthikeyan, R. (2016). Bioconversion of vermicomposted weed plants waste using Eudrilus eugeniae Kinberg for promoting the growth of brinjal (Solanum melongena). International Journal of Development Research. 6: 8020-8023.

  20. Sutar, R., Sujith, G.M. and Devakumar, N. (2019). Growth and yield of Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] as influenced by jeevamrutha and panchagavya application. Legume Research-An International Journal. 42(6): 824-828.

Editorial Board

View all (0)