Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 42 issue 3 (june 2022) : 272-277

Growth and Decomposition of Millets in Odisha: 1960-61 to 2019-20

D. Jena, S. Mishra
1Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Goregaon East, Mumbai-400 065, Maharashtra, India.
Cite article:- Jena D., Mishra S. (2022). Growth and Decomposition of Millets in Odisha: 1960-61 to 2019-20. Agricultural Science Digest. 42(3): 272-277. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-5447.

Background: Odisha started a programme to revive millets in 2017. Keeping this in the background, this paper examines growth of production, area and yield and decomposition of production of millets in Odisha in the last six decades by using triennium ending data, TE1962-63 to TE2019-20. 
Methods: Boyce’s kinked exponential method has been used to estimate growth for production, area and yield. Production was decomposed to area, yield and interaction effects. Millets as a crop group is compared with other foodgrain groups and then analysis was carried out for four specific millet crops - ragi, jowar, bajra and small millets. 
Result: In Odisha, the 1960s and 1970s indicate an increasing trend in production of and area under millets. There is a reversal of these trends since 1980s. The decline started first for small millets in the 1980s and subsequently since the 1990s for the three major millets - bajra, jowar and ragi. Decomposition of millets production indicates that the decline since 1980s is largely on account of area effect, but also because of yield effect in the 1990s and 2010s. 

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