​Efficiency of Biocomposted Agroindustrial Wastes and Their Response in the Growth and Yield of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5321    | Article Id: D-5321 | Page : 278-283
Citation :- ​Efficiency of Biocomposted Agroindustrial Wastes and Their Response in the Growth and Yield ofVigna unguiculata(L.) Walp.Agricultural Science Digest.2022.(42):278-283
M. Silpa, A. Vijayalakshmi silpasvp@gmail.com
Address : Department of Botany, School of Biosciences, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore-641 043, Tamil Nadu, India.
Submitted Date : 8-03-2021
Accepted Date : 5-07-2021


Background: Agroindustrial by-products of cocoa shell and jack fruit peels generally considered as organic waste have almost no economic value and create a big problem in disposal time. A significant amount of biocomposted cocoa shell and jack fruit peel waste is used as organic manure that enhances growth in Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.
Methods: This research work was conducted in the period of 2019 in the Department of Botany, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (India). A large amount of cocoa shell and jack fruit peel waste was used for the biocompost preparation using Pleurotus eous, Pleurotus florida spawns and Eudrilus eugeniae. After 90 days, biocompost were taken and sieved used as manure for plant study. Eight different treatments were carried out for the cultivation of Cowpea. Plant samples at various stages (25, 35 and 45 DAS) were analyzed for shoot and root length, number of leaves, flowers, nodules /plant, fresh weight and dry weight of plant. On 65th day yield parameters like number of pods/plant, length of the pod, number of seeds/pod, weight of seeds/pods, pod fresh weight and pod dry weight were analyzed. 
Result: The experimental results showed that the application T8 (Raw jackfruit peel + 10 g Pleurotus eous + 10 g Pleurotus florida + Eudrilus eugeniae 5 t/ha-1) recorded maximum root (20.63 cm, 32.73 cm and 39.23 cm), shoot length (70.73 cm, 167.50 cm and 175.83 cm), number of leaves/plant (26.46 cm, 33.53 cm and 37.50 cm), number of flowers/plant (12), number of nodules (14, 21.20 and 11.34), fresh weight (10.076 g, 12.146 g and 14.047 g) and dry weight (1.744 g, 1.854 g and 2.827 g) are closely followed by T4 (Raw cocoa shell+ 10 g Pleurotus eous + 10 g Pleurotus florida + Eudrilus eugeniae 5 t/ha-1). A significant increase in the yield parameters such as number of pods/plant (21), length of pod (16.50 cm), number of seeds/pod (20), weight of seed/pod (1.68 g), fresh weight (5.711 g) and dry weight of pod (2.398 g) was observed in treatment T8 as compared to the other treatments (T1, T2, T3, T5, T6 and T7) and control respectively.


​Biocompost C- control Cowpea DAS-days after sowing  Eudrilus eugeniae Pleurotus species T- Treatment


  1. Adebayo, A.G., Akintoye, H.A., Shokalu, A.O., Olatunji, M.T. (2017). Soil chemical properties and growth response of Moringa oleifera to different sources and rates of organic and NPK fertilizers. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. 6: 281-287.
  2. Afoakwa, E.O., Quao, J., Takrama, J., Budu, A.S. and Saalia, F. K. (2011). Effect of pulp preconditioning on acidification, proteolysis, sugars and free fatty acids concentration during fermentation of cacao (Theobroma cacao) beans. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 62: 755-764.
  3. Alemu Mulugeta, Zemede Asfaw, Zerihun Woldu, Berhanu AmsaluFenta and Beth Medvecky. (2016). Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] (Fabaceae) landrace diversity in Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 8: 297-309. 
  4. Al-Sabbagh, Tareq Madouh, AM Craig, Krishnakumar Sugumaran. (2020). Influence of dead sheep compost material using aerobic technique on the growth of leafy vegetables in kuwait under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Agriculture and Horticulture Research. 3: 31-37.
  5. Ayala, J., Vega, V., Rosas, C., Palafox, H., Villa, J., Siddiqui, W.,  Davila Avin, J.E., Gonzalez-Aguilar, G.A. (2011). Agro- industrial potential of exotic fruit byproducts as a source of food additives. Food Research International. 44: 1866- 1874.
  6. Biswas, S. (2014).Evaluation of growth, yield and nutrient content with microbial consortia combined with different organic manures in Rumex acetosella L. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 8: 01-05.
  7. Chaudhary, S. and Mishra, S. (2019). Influence of using kitchen waste compost (KWC) on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) physical growth parameters. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 8: 306-308.
  8. Chakraborty, K., Saha, S.K., Raychaudhuri, U. and Chakraborty, R. (2017). Vinegar production from vegetable waste: Optimization of physical condition and kinetic modeling of fermentation process. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology. 24: 508-516.
  9. Dash, D., Patro, H., Tiwari, R.C. and Shahid, M. (2010). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of non-yield attributes, grain yield and straw yield of rice (Oryza sativa). Research Journal of  Agronomy. 4: 18-23.
  10. Girotto, F., Alibardi, L., Cossu, R. (2015). Food waste generation and industrial uses: a review. Waste Manage. 45: 32-41.
  11. Gopinathan, R. and Prakash, M. (2014). Effect of vermicompost enriched with bio-fertilizers on the productivity of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentun mill). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 3: 1238-1245. 
  12. Joshi, D., Gediya, K.M., Patel, J.S., Birari, M.M. and Gupta, S. (2016). Effect of organic manures on growth and yield of summer cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] under middle Gujarat conditions. Agricultural Science Digest. 36: 134-137.
  13. Kumarimanimuthu, V. and Kalaimathi, P. (2020). Improving physiological and yield traits of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) by using various sources of organic wastes and bio fertilizers, rhizobia. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 5: 1-5.
  14. Majerska, J., Michalska, A. and Figiel, A. (2019). A review of new directions in managing fruit and vegetable processing by products. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 88: 207-219.
  15. Malenica, D. and Bhat, R. (2020). Review article: Current research trends in fruit and vegetables wastes and by-products management-Scope and opportunities in the Estonian context. Agronomy Research. 18: 1760-1795.
  16. Meena, R.N., Meena, A.K. and Singh, K. (2019). Yield, quality, economics and nutrient uptake of onion (Allium cepa L.) influenced by organic nitrogen management. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 8: 16-23.
  17. Mehran, J., Hasandokht, M.R., Abdossi, V., Moradi, P. (2020).The effect of chicken manure tea and vermicompost on some quantitative and qualitative parameters of seedling and mature greenhouse cucumber. Journal of Applied Biology and Biotechnology. 8: 33-37. 
  18. Mithra, D., Mohilal, N., Mongjam, S. (2019). Effect of compost and vermicompost prepared from different biodegradable wastes on the growth of king chilli Capsicum chinense. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 9: 74-82.
  19. Nasar, J., Alam, A., Khan, M.Z., Ahmed, B. (2019). Charcoal and compost application induced changes in growth and yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53: 492-495.
  20. Nalluri, N. and Karri, V.R. (2018). Use of groundnut shell compost as a natural fertilizer for the cultivation of vegetable plants. International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering. 7: 97-104.
  21. Omidi, J., Abdolmohammadi, S., Hatamzadehand, A., Mahboub, A.  Khomami. (2017). Effect of the application of composted peanut shells on soil growing media on growth and nutrient elements of (Viola spp.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 6: 120-125.
  22. Pal, M., Kumar, M., Gupta, G.R. and Dwivedi, K.N. (2014). Utilization of unused bio-waste for agricultural production - A Review. Plant Archives. 14: 597-604.
  23. Pinky Raihing and Vijayalakshmi, A. (2020). Biocomposting of Fruit wastes into manure and Its Effects Onthe Growth, Chlorophyll Content and yield parameters of black gram (Vigna mungo L.). Proteus Journal. 11: 70-83.
  24. Praveena, C., Suresh, J., Jegadeeswari, V., Kannan, V., Karthikeyan, S. (2018). Recycling of leaf litters on cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) plantation. International Journal of Chemical Studie. 6: 2699-2702.
  25. Priyang, A.R. and Vijayalakshmi, A. (2020). Biocomposting of Banana peels as Manure and Its Effect on the Growth of Amaranthus and Lablab. M. Sc. Thesis, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
  26. Rahman, M.A., Rahman, M.M., Begum M.F. and Alam, M.F. (2012). Effect of biocompost, cow dung compost and NPK fertilizers on growth, yield and yield components of chilli. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 2: 51-55.
  27. Sadasivuni, S., Bhat, R. and Pallem, C. (2015). Recycling potential of organic wastes of arecanut and cocoa in India: a short review. Environmental Technology Reviews. 4: 91- 102.
  28. Sadh, P.K., Duhan, S., Duhan, J.S. (2018). Agro-industrial wastes and their utilization using solid state fermentation: A review. Bioresources and Bioprocessing. 5:1-15.
  29. Sadiq, N., Rahim, A., Imran, M., Bashir, M.A., Anwar, M.F.  Ahmad, F. (2018). Organic manures: an efficient move towards maize grain biofortification. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. 7: 189-197. 
  30. Thomas, G.V., Palaniswamy, C., Prabhu, B.K., Gopal, M. and Gupta, A. (2013). Co-composting of coconut coirpith with solid poultry manure. Current Science. 104: 245-250.
  31. Vipitha, V.P., Geethakumari, V.L. (2016). Comparitive analysis of performance of bio-organic composite manures on growth, productivity and economics of amaranthus. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 50: 146-149.
  32. Vodnar, D.C., Calinoiu, L.F., Mitrea, L., Precup, G., Bindea, M., Pacurar, A.M., Pacurar and Szabo, K., Stefanescu, B.E. (2019). 15 - A New generation of probiotic functional beverages using bioactive compounds from Agro-industrial waste. Functional and Medicinal Beverages. 11: 483-528.
  33. Yaiphabi, A., Sarjubala, A. Devi and. Singh, E.J. (2018). Effect of solid wastes amendment on growth and yield of Solanum melongena. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 52: 409-413.
  34. Zulma S. Vasquez, Dao, P. de Carvalho Neto, Gilberto, V.M. Pereira, Luciana P.S. Vandenberghe, Priscilla Z. de Oliveira, Patrick B. Tiburcio, Hervé L.G. Rogez, Aristoteles Goes Neto c , Carlos R.S. (2019). Biotechnological approaches for cocoa waste management: A review. Waste Management. 90: 72-83. 

Global Footprints