Loading...

Effect of Direct Sowing and Stratification on Germination and Growth of Peach under Sub-tropical Climate of Uttar Pradesh

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5292    | Article Id: D-5292 | Page : 507-510
Citation :- Effect of Direct Sowing and Stratification on Germination and Growth of Peach under Sub-tropical Climate of Uttar Pradesh.Agricultural Science Digest.2021.(41):507-510
K.K. Srivastava, P. Barman, D. Kumar prananath.india@gmail.com
Address : Division of Crop Production, ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow-226 101, Uttar Pradesh, India. 
Submitted Date : 30-12-2020
Accepted Date : 9-03-2021

Abstract

Background: Availability of quality planting materials is the major impediment in extension of cultivation of low chilling peach in northern plans. Plum suckers are mostly used as rootstocks for raising peach; however nematode infestation is a major problem. Seeds of all peach cultivars do not germinate under subtropical climate of plains of Northern India. Hence, an experiment was carried out at ICAR-CISH, Lucknow on seed germination and subsequent growth of seedlings of low chilling peaches.
Methods: Fully mature seeds of peach cv. Florda Prince, Pant Peach 1 and Sharbati were collected during June. Some of the seeds were sown direct in-situ during 1st week of December and remaining seeds were sown in the field after 2 months of stratification in the refrigerator at 7-8°C.
Result: Stratification had significant effect on seed germination and late matured peach cv. ‘Sharbati’ exhibited higher seed germination. Good linear seedling growth and maximum percentage of buddable seedlings was found in stratified sown seeds of ‘Sharbati’ peach. Thus the study indicated that harvesting of ‘Sharbati’ and ‘Pant Peach-1’ seeds can be done during June and pre-sown stratification is necessary for better germination and growth of seedlings under subtropical climate of Lucknow.

Keywords

Low chilling peach Seed germination Sharbati Stratification

References

  1. Braak, J.P. (1978). The effect of flowering date and temperature on embryo development in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science. 26: 13-30. 
  2. Connors, C.H. (1920). Some notes on the inheritance of unit characters in the peach. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 16: 24-36.
  3. Hancock, J.F., Scorza, R. and Lobos, G.A. (2008). Peaches. In: Temperate fruit crop breeding: Germplasm to genomics. J.F. Hancock (Edn), Springer, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp 265-298.
  4. Martins, A.S., Bianchi, V.J., Zanandrea, I., Spinelli, V.M. and Fachinello, J.C. (2014). Effect of seeds stratification seedling emergence and initial development of peach rootstock. Científica (Jaboticabal). 42(4): 366-375.
  5. Pinochet, J., Anglies, M., Dalmau, E., Fernandez, C. and Felipe, A. (1996). Prunus rootstock evaluation to root-knot and lesion nematodes in Spain. Journal of Nematology. 28(4S): 616-623.
  6. Setu, H., Mosie, T., Firdie, K., Eshete, T. and Sileshi, G. (2020). Influence of shade and bed types on attaining optimum temperature for the germination of peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch) seeds at Holetta, central Ethiopia. Agricultural Science. 2(1): 154-161. 
  7. Sharma, A.K. (2005). A note on changes in protein during stratification in seeds of low chill peach cultivars. Horticultural Journal. 18(3): 180-182.
  8. Sharma, A.K., Arora, R.L. and Singh, S.K. (2003). Effect of stratification on seed germination of low chill peach cultivars. Applied Biological Research. 5(1/2): 53-55.
  9. Sharre, R. (2019). Propagation protocol for desert peach (Prunus and Ersonii). Native Plant Journal. 20(3): 267-270.
  10. Singh, O., Kumar, A., Rai, R. and Kohli, K. (2016). Quality evaluation of low chill peach cultivars for preparation of ready-to-serve ‘Nectar’ drink. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 35(4): 327-330.
  11. Singh, D. and Singh, R. (2002). Nitrogen nutrition of peach - a review. Agricultural Reviews. 23(1): 46-52. 
  12. Wagner, J.A., Pimentel, L.D., Assis, L.M.S., Aleixandre, R.S., Megreiros, J.R.S. and Bruckner, C.H. (2006). Influence of fruit maturity stage in chilling requirement of peach seeds. Acta Horticulture. 713: 249.
  13. Weaver, G.M. and Hough, L.F. (1959). Seedling growth studies of early-ripening peaches. I. Interrelationship between embryo maturity, growth substances and seedling growth. American Journal of Botany. 46(10): 718-724.

Global Footprints