Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 5.52

  • SJR 0.156

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Science Digest, volume 41 issue 3 (september 2021) : 427-432

Evaluation of Bush Type French Bean Varieties through Organic Farming in South Chhotanagpur Plateau of Eastern India

S.K. Mahto, A.K. Dutta
1Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute, F/C: ARTDM, RKMA, Ranchi-834 008, Jharkhand, India.
Cite article:- Mahto S.K., Dutta A.K. (2021). Evaluation of Bush Type French Bean Varieties through Organic Farming in South Chhotanagpur Plateau of Eastern India. Agricultural Science Digest. 41(3): 427-432. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-5270.
Background: French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important protein-rich winter vegetable of our country but extensively grown in south Chhotanagpur plateau of Jharkhand during both kharif and rabi seasons. However, indiscriminate uses of agrochemicals lead to production of poor quality pods of the crop due to residual toxicity. Hence, the current study was aimed to evaluate of the crop varieties based on their yield and quality traits expression under organic growing condition.
Methods: The present investigation was carried out by adopting five bush type varieties of French bean (V1: Arka Komal, V2: Swarna Priya, V3: HAFB-2, V4: HAFB-4 and V5: Falcon). They were grown independently under two growing conditions viz. organic farming (Oi) where FYM, vermicompost and Shasyagavya were used as organic inputs and absolute control (O0) where no organic input was applied. These varieties were grown with their four replications in each of the experimental situate following RCBD experimental design. Different yield and its attributes and proximate quality traits were studied under both growing conditions for their evaluation.
Result: Findings revealed that most of the studied traits were influenced by organic growing condition with significant differences among varieties to pod length, pods per plant, pod weight, green pod yield, ascorbic acid, TSS and protein content. Consequently, the maximum green pod yield (17.55 t ha-1) was estimated in HAFB-4 under organic growing condition as against 7.57 t ha-1 under the absolute control condition. Different proximate quality traits were also expressed independently under different varietal situates but responded better under organic growing condition than its respective absolute control counterpart.
  1. AOAC. (2008). Official Methods of Analysis (17th Edn.). The Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Gaithersburg, MD, USA. Methods 925.10, 65.17, 974.24, 992.16.
  2. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, p. 680.
  3. Gowthamchand, N.J., Ganapathi and Soumya, T.M. (2020). Effect of Bulky Manures and Fermented Liquid Organics on Growth, Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Economics of French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) Under Rainfed Condition. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology. 13(1): 51-58.
  4. Highet, D.M. and West, E.S. (1942). A procedure for the determination of ascorbic acid based upon the use of a standardized solution of 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol in xylene. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 146: 655-662.
  5. Hill, J., Singh, S., Ranjan, P., Nishant. (2018). Technical Report- April 2018. Misuse of chemical pesticides in Jharkhand: What should be done? Ranchi: Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development (SPWD), Eastern Region Office. pp. 35-40.
  6. Joshi, R., Singh, J. and Vig, A.P. (2015). Vermicompost as an effective organic fertilizer and biocontrol agent: effect on growth, yield and quality of plants. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology. 14(1): 137-159.
  7. Kumar, R.P., Singh, O.N., Yogeshwar, S., Sachchidanand, D. and Singh, J.P. (2009). Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and economics of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 79(2): 122-128.
  8. Mahadevaiah, P., Hebbar, S.S. and Nair, A.K. (2011). Growth and yield of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under organic farming. Journal of Applied Horticulture. 13(1): 71-73. 
  9. Mahto, S.K. and Dutta, A.K. (2018). Influence of different low-cost organic inputs on growth, yield and quality of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cv. Swarna Priya. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 52(6): 661-665. 
  10. Reganold, J.P. and Wachter, J.M. (2016). Organic agriculture in the twenty-first century. Nature Plants. 2(2): 1-8.
  11. Selvaraj, N. (2003). Report on the Work Done on Organic Farming at Horticulture Research Station. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Ooty, India. pp. 2-5. 
  12. Sornalatha, S., Tamilarasi, M. and Esakkiammal, B. (2018). Efficacy of Organic Fertilizer on the Growth and Yield of (Luffa acutangula) Ridge Gourd Based on Cow Products. International Journal of Recent Research Aspects. 5 (Special Issue: Conscientious Computing Technologies, April-2018): 424-429. 
  13. Sutar, R., Sujith, G.M. and Devakumar, N. (2019). Growth and yield of Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] as influenced by jeevamrutha and panchagavya application. Legume Research-An International Journal. 42(6):824-828.
  14. Singh, N.I. and Chauhan, J.S. (2009). Response of French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to Organic Manures and Inorganic Fertilizer on Growth and Yield Parameters Under Irrigated Condition. Nature and Science. 7(5):52-54.
  15. Woese, K., Lange, D., Boess, C. and Bögl, K.W. (1997). A comparison of organically and conventionally grown foods-results of a review of the relevant literature. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 74(3): 281-293.
  16. Yadav, B.V.S. (2015). Performance of Vegetable French Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) as Influenced by Varieties and Sowing Dates under Southern Zone of Andhra Pradesh. PhD Dissertation, Dr. Y.S.R. Agricultural University., Y.S.R. District andhra Pradesh. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)