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Effect of Solid-state Fermented Aquafeed on Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes and Innate Immunity of Rohu, Labeo rohita 

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5254    | Article Id: D-5254 | Page : 484-491
Citation :- Effect of Solid-state Fermented Aquafeed on Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes and Innate Immunity of Rohu, Labeo rohita.Agricultural Science Digest.2021.(41):484-491
K.C. Das, S. Mohanty, P.K. Sahoo, R. Das, L. Sahoo, P. Swain kcdasicar@gmail.com
Address : ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar-751 002, Odisha, India.
Submitted Date : 9-09-2020
Accepted Date : 15-01-2021

Abstract

Background: There is a scope of increasing the aquaculture production by use of fish feed produced from non-conventional ingredients and also improvement in the quality of feed by solid-state fermentation. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of solid-state fermented aquafeed on growth performance, digestive enzymes and innate immunity of rohu, Labeo rohita.
Methods: Fish feed containing sesame oil cake and mahua oil cake was fermented through solid-state fermentation by yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and then compared with a non-fermented control feed with the same formula.
Result: Solid-state fermentation increased crude protein (CP), decreased crude fibre (CF) and also lowered (p < 0.05) anti-nutritional factors (ANF) of fish feed. After five months of experimental feeding, weight gain and digestibility of nutrients like dry matter, crude protein and ether extract were significantly higher (p < 0.05) and feed conversion ratio was significantly lower in fish of fermented feed fed group than the control group. Furthermore, non-specific immune parameters such as lysozyme, myeloperoxidase and haemolytic activities and intestinal enzyme activity of fish fed with fermented feed increased significantly (p< 0.05) compared to fish fed control feed. It is concluded that feeding of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermented feed could improve the growth, digestive enzymes activity and immunity of Rohu, Labeo rohita.

Keywords

Anti-nutritional factors Digestibility Immunity Growth performance Labeo rohita Saccharomyces cerevisiae Solid- state fermentation.

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