Effect of Different Levels of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Quality of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.)

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5157    | Article Id: D-5157 | Page : 203-206
Citation :- Effect of Different Levels of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Quality of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.).Agricultural Science Digest.2021.(41):203-206
Munish Palia, S. Saravanan, V.M. Prasad, R.G. Upadhyay, Saurabh Kasera drrgupadhyay11@gmail.com
Address : Department of Horticulture, Naini Agriculture Institute, Sam Higgin Bottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad-211 007, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 24-02-2020
Accepted Date : 1-07-2020

Abstract

Background: Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum Melongena L.), a member of solanacea family, is one of the most common vegetable crops grown in India. Brinjal is staple vegetable in almost all tropical countries in the world and liked by both poor and rich. Its nutritive value varies among varieties. It contains vitamin A and B. Since there is a common belief that it is not good vegetable more while brinjal may have the medicinal property like white brinjal which is used for Diabetics patients. The basic concept underlying the principles is the maintenance and improvement of soil fertility for sustaining crop productivity on a long-term basis, which can be achieved through the combined use of various sources of nutrients and by managing them scientifically along with optimum growth, yield and quality of crop. Considering the above facts, the present study was therefore under taken to investigate the intergraded management on yield and yield contributing characters of brinjal and on soil properties.
Methods: An experiment was conducted at Horticulture Experimental field Department of Horticulture, Naini Agriculture Institute, SHUATS, Allahabad during Rabi season of 2016-17. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with 8 treatments and each replicated thrice. Thirty days old healthy and uniform seedlings were transplanted on 24th Sep. 2016.
Result: Overall vegetative parameters were influenced due to application of Nutrient through combination of organic manure and inorganic fertilizers were proved beneficially for increasing growth of brinjal crop. The fruit and yield parameters like Average fruit weight, Length of fruit, Diameter of Fruit, Fruit per plot, Fruit per plant and Fruit per hectare was influenced significantly by the combination of organic and inorganic fertilizers in different treatments which were recorded after harvesting of fruits.

Keywords

Brinjal Growth Inorganic Organic Quality Yield

References

  1. Aykroyd (1963). Vegetable Production in India, Published by ICAR. New Delhi.
  2. Choudhary (1976). Vegetable (4th Edition). National Book Trust, New Delhi. 50-58.
  3. Darley Jose, Shanmugavalu, K.G. and Thambhuraj, S. (1998). Studies on the efficiency of organic and inorganic form of nitrogen in brinjal. Indian J. of Hort. 45(1-2): 100-103.
  4. Devi, H.H., Maity, T.K., Paria, N.C. and Thapa, U. (2002). Response of brinjal to different sources of nitrogen. J. Veg. Sci. 29(1): 45-47.
  5. Kumar, A., Kumar, J. and Babu, R. (2007). Effect of inorganic and bio-fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Journal article. 7(1/2): 151-152.
  6. Kumaran, S., Natarajan, S. and Thambhuraj, S. (1998). Effect of Organic and Inorganic fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Quality of Tomato. South Indian Hort. 46(3/6): 203-205.
  7. Malik, N.M. (1994). A Text Book of Horticulture. Islamabad. National Book Foundation. 510.
  8. Raigon, M., Rodriguez-Burruezo, A. and Prohens, J. (2010). Effects of organic and conventional cultivation methods on composition of eggplant fruits. J. Agric. Food Chem. 58(11): 6833-6840.
  9. Renuka, B. and Sankar, C.R. (2001). Effect of organic manures on growth and yield of tomato. South Indian Horticulture. 49(Special): 216-219.
  10. Suge, J.K., Omunyin, M.E. and Omami, E.N. (2011). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of fertilizer on growth, yield and fruit quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 3(6): 470-479.
  11. Ullah, M.S., Islam, M.S., Islam, M.A and Hague. T. (2008). Effects of organic manures and chemical fertilizers on the yield of brinjal and soil properties. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 6(2): 271-276.
  12. Yadav, Pavan, Singh (2006). Effect of organic and inorganic on Growth, yield and a quality of Okra. Indian Journal Hort. 63(2): 215-2278.

Global Footprints