Comparison of Yield, Nutrient Content and Antibacterial Activities of Wild and Cultivated Isolates of Pleurotus djamor

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5099    | Article Id: D-5099 | Page : 280-284
Citation :- Comparison of Yield, Nutrient Content and Antibacterial Activities of Wild and Cultivated Isolates of Pleurotus djamor.Agricultural Science Digest.2020.(40):280-284
Anjana Sharma, Savita Jandaik, Neetika Thakur drsavitajandaik@gmail.com
Address : Department of Plant Pathology, Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni-173 230, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India. 
Submitted Date : 29-11-2019
Accepted Date : 29-05-2020

Abstract

Background: Pleurotus species constitutes one of the choicest edible mushrooms, it is commonly known as “Oyster Mushroom” and in India it is commonly called as “Dhingri. It has important medicinal, biotechnological properties and environmental applications. Its cultivation can be done on a number of agricultural wastes and organic waste materials. There are significant problems in classifying Pleurotus isolates using only morphological characters which are often unreliable and inconclusive mainly due to the large influence exerted by environmental factors. 
Methods: A wild isolate of Pleurotus was collected from North western Himalayas and its identity was confirmed by molecular studies. Yield, nutritional components and its bioactive molecules were compared with the cultivated isolate of Pleurotus djamore Antibacterial activities of both the isolates of were performed  against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus by disc diffusion. 
Result: Molecular studies confirmed the identity of wild isolate of Pleurotus as Pleurotus djamore. The maximum yield of wild isolate was on paddy straw followed by wheat straw. The protein content was 32.3±0.50g-1 in wild isolate and 28.7±1.67g-1 in cultivated isolate. Presence of nutritional components and phytochemicals inferred in this study indicate the importance of Pleurotus djamore in the pharmaceutical.

Keywords

Nutritional attributes Phytochemicals Pink oyster Pleurotus djamore Substrates Yield

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