Consumptive Use, Water Use Efficiency, Moisture Depletion Pattern of Wheat under Semi-arid Eastern Plain Zone of Rajasthan

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5092    | Article Id: D-5092 | Page : 387-391
Citation :- Consumptive Use, Water Use Efficiency, Moisture Depletion Pattern of Wheat under Semi-arid Eastern Plain Zone of Rajasthan.Agricultural Science Digest.2020.(40):387-391
Arjun Lal Prajapat, Rani Saxena, R.R. Choudhary, Manoj Kumhar prajapatasu@gmail.com
Address : Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute, Sri Karan Narendra Agriculture University, Jobner-303 329, Rajasthan, India.
Submitted Date : 21-11-2019
Accepted Date : 19-05-2020

Abstract

Background: India has the largest area under wheat cultivation but variability in climate is one of the major environmental threat to agriculture particularly wheat crop. The growth and yield of wheat crop is adversely affected by environmental stresses such as soil moisture deficit, high temperature, low light intensity etc. Among these stresses irrigation water is a scare resource, it’s optimization is fundamental to water resources use. It permits better utilization of all other production factors and thus leads to increased yields per unit area and time. The higher requirement of food to feed the increased population with reduced water availability for crop production forces the irrigation researchers and managers to use water-saving irrigation strategies to improve the water productivity (WP) in recent years. Thus, an assessment of the potential for reducing water needs and increasing production is the need of time. The current study aimed to study of this province in order to manage and control related problems. 
Method: In this context a field experiment was conducted during Rabi season 2016 and 2017, Soil moisture studies were started right from sowing and continued up to maturity of wheat crop. The soil moisture content under all the treatments of three replications was determined just before irrigation and twenty four hours after irrigation from 0-15, 15-30, 30-45 and 45-60 cm soil depths and calculate consumptive use of  water, soil moisture depletion pattern and water use efficiency. 
Result: Results revealed that the maximum consumptive use (350.01 mm) of water found with irrigation schedule at 1.2 ETc and highest water use efficiency (15.32 kg ha-1 mm-1) obtained with irrigation schedule at 1.0 ETc. Among the different wheat cultivars Raj-4120 registered higher consumptive use (332.57 mm) and Raj- 4238 obtained highest water use efficiency (16.13 kg ha-1 mm-1) while crop sown on 15th November recorded higher consumptive use (333.04 mm) and water use efficiency (15.69 kg ha-1 mm-1). Wheat is a surface feeder with fibrous root system, the maximum amount of moisture was depleted in shallow depth (0-15 cm) than deeper layers of soil.

Keywords

Consumptive use Date of sowing and irrigation scheduling Moisture depletion attern Water use efficiency Wheat cultivars

References

  1. Agrawal, P.K., Kropff, M.J., Cassman, K.G. and Ten Berge, H.F.M. (1997). Simulating genetic strategies for increased rice yield potential in irrigated, tropical environments. Field Crops Research. 51: 5-17.
  2. Bandyopadhyay, P.K. (1997). Effect of irrigation schedule on evapo-transpiration and water use efficiency of winter wheat (Triticum asetivum. L). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 42: 90-93.
  3. Bandyopadhyay, P.K. and Mallick, S. (2003). Actual evapo-transpiration and crop coefficient of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under varying moisture levels of humid tropical canal command area. Agricultural Water Management. 49: 33-47. 
  4. Bikrmaditya, Verma, R., Ram, S. and Sharma, B. (2011). Effect of soil moisture regimes and fertility levels on growth, yield and water use efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Progressive Agriculture. 11: 73-78. 
  5. Dastane, N.G. (1972). A Practical Manual for Water Use Research in Agriculture. Navbharat Prakashan. 702-Budhawar Path, Poona-2. 
  6. Deshmukh, M.R., Ingle, V.N. and Kohale, S.K. (1997). Response of late sown wheat variety AKW- 381 under limited and optimum irrigation. Panjabrao Krishi Vidyapeeth Research Journal. 21: 214-216.
  7. Jana, P.K., Bandyopadhyay, P., Ray, D. and Bhowmick, M.K. (2001). Response of wheat to irrigation regimes in new alluvial Zone of West Bengal. Annals of Agricultural Research. 22: 498-502. 
  8. Kibe, A.M. and Singh, S. (2003). Influence of irrigation, nitrogen and zinc on productivity and water use of late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 48: 186-191. 
  9. Michael, A.M. (1978). Irrigation theory and practice. Vikas publishing house New Delhi.
  10. Mishra, R.K., Pandey, N. and Bajpai, R.P. (1994). Influence of irrigation and nitrogen on yield and water use pattern of wheat. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 39: 560-564.
  11. Nautiyal, P.C., Zala, P.V. and Joshi, Y.C. (1999). Enhancement of yield in groundnut following the imposition of transient soil moisture-deficit stress during the vegetative phase. Experimental Agriculture. 35: 371-385. 
  12. Pal, S.K., Kaur, S., Thakur, R., Verma, V.N. and Singh, M.K. (1996). Effect of irrigation seeding dates and fertilizer on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 41: 366-369.
  13. Parihar, S.S. and Tiwari, R.B. (2003). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen level on yield, nutrient uptake and water use of late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 48: 103-107.
  14. Pratibha, G., Ramaiah, N.V and Satyanarayana, V. (1994). Studies of consumptive water use, water use efficiency, soil moisture extraction patterns by wheat genotypes under varying irrigations applied at different physiological stages. Journal of Research, Andhra Pradesh Agriculture University. 22: 33-34.
  15. Shivani, Verma, V.N., Kumar, S., Pal, S.K. and Thakur, R. (2003). Growth analysis of wheat (Triticum aestivum L) cultivars under different seeding dates and irrigation levels in Jharkhand. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 48: 282-286. 
  16. Singh, D., Shamim, M., Pandey, R. and Kumar, V. (2012). Growth and yield of wheat genotypes in relation to environmental constraints under timely sown irrigated condition. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 17: 113-120.
  17. Soni, K.C. and Lehria, S.K. (1999). Effect of irrigation and organic mulch on yield, yield attributes and water use efficiency of wheat. Annals of Agricultural Research. 20: 324-327.
  18. Verma, S.K., Taneja, R. and Datta, K.S. (1997). Effect of kinetin on early seedling growth and endogenous levels of different metabolites in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under varying salinity levels. Advances in Plant Science Research. 5: 170-183. 
  19. Zaman, A., Nath, R. and Chaudharu, S.K. (2006). Evapotranspiration, water use efficiency, moisture extraction pattern and seed yield of wheat as influenced by irrigation and nitrogen under limited moisture supply condition. Indian Agriculturist. 51: 19-23. 

Global Footprints