Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 5.52

  • SJR 0.156

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Science Digest, volume 40 issue 4 (december 2020) : 357-363

Phenotype Based Selection in Kodo Millet (Paspalum Scrobiculatum L.) to Identify Elite Accessions

Yuvraj Yadav, G. Roopa Lavanya, Lalit Arya, Manjusha Verma, Richa Rajput
1<br />Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Tula&rsquo;s Institute, Dehradun-248 001, Uttarakhand, India.
Cite article:- Yadav Yuvraj, Lavanya Roopa G., Arya Lalit, Verma Manjusha, Rajput Richa (2020). Phenotype Based Selection in Kodo Millet (Paspalum Scrobiculatum L.) to Identify Elite Accessions. Agricultural Science Digest. 40(4): 357-363. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-5084.
Background: Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L) is an annual hardy crop grown in India from Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the south, to Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal in the north. It is known to have high drought tolerance and, for its potential to sustain in marginally less fertile soil. The grain has high nutritional properties thus possess medicinal values. Owing to multiple utility factors and sustainable growth rate amidst climate change, makes it an ideal crop for cultivation. In the present study accessions of Kodo millet ((Paspalum scrobiculatum L) from twelve different geographical regions of India were evaluated for quantitative and qualitative traits to determine its growth conditions under varied climatic conditions.
Methods: Total of 96 indigenous germplasm were collected across the country and were sown in a breeding farm to grow selectively healthy crops in a randomized block design manner during kharif 2012 & 2013. Observations of quantitative traits were recorded on five arbitrarily selected plants in each replication for different physiological traits.
Results: The statistical data revealed significant differences among all the studied accessions. Mainly IC482729 and IC404789 from Tamil Nadu had high biomass, straw yield, and yield per plant. IC396004 from Chhattisgarh showed advantageous performance in earliness with medium plant height. Therefore, the present findings helped in identifying elite germplasm accessions and could be effectively used in the Kodo millet enhancement program.  
  1. Ahamed, M.S. and Yadava, H.S. (1996). Assessment of productivity and economics of small millets in Madhya Pradesh. Crop Research. 12: 12-15.
  2. Bedis, M.R., Ganvir, B.N. and Patil, P.P. (2006). Genetic variability in finger millet. J. Maharastra Agric. Univ. 31: 369-370.
  3. Burton, G.W. (1940). A cytological study of some species in the genus Paspalum. J. Agric. Res. 60: 193-198.
  4. Chandrasekara, A. and Shahidi, F. (2011). Determination of antioxidant activity in free and hydrolyzed fractions of millet grains and characterization of their phenolic profiles by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS. J. Funct. Foods. 3: 144-158.
  5. de Wet, J.M.J., Rao, K.E.P, Mengesha, M.H. and Brink, D.E. (1983). Diversity in kodo millet, Paspalum scrobiculatum. Econ Bot. 37: 159-163. 
  6. Harinarayana, G. (1989). Breeding and variatal improvement of small millets in India. In: Small Millets in Global Agriculture. Proc. First Int Small millet workshop. Banglore. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. 59-70.
  7. Hegde, P.S. and Chandra, T.S. (2005). ESR spectroscopic study reveals higher free radical quenching potential in kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) compared to other millets. Food Chem. 92: 177-182. 
  8. Hegde, P.S., Rajasekaran, N.S. and Chandra, T.S. (2005). Effects of the antioxidant properties of millet species on oxidative stress and glycemic status in alloxan-induced rats. Nutr. Res. 25: 1109-1120.
  9. Hulse, J.M., Laing, E.M. and Pearson, O.E. (1980). Sorghum and millets: Their Composition and Nutritive Value. Academic Press, New York.
  10. Jayarame Gowda, Rekha, D., Bharati, S. and Krishnappa, M. (2007). Methods of constructing core set using Agro-morphological traits in foxtail millet. J. Plant Genet. Resources. 20: 38-42.
  11. Kulkarni, L.R. and Naik, R.K. (2000). Nutitive value, protein quality and organoleptic quality of kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum). Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 13:125-129.
  12. M’Ribu, H.K. and Hilu, K.W. (1996). Application of random amplified polymorphic DNA to study genetic diversity in Paspalum scrobiculatum L. (Kodo millet, Poaceae). Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 43: 203-210. 
  13. Nevo Eviatar., Korol, A.B., Beiles, A. and Fahima, T. (2002). Evolution of Wild Emmer and Wheat Improvement: Population Genetics, Genetic Resources and Genome. Springer 8. ISBN 3-540-41750-8.
  14. Panse, V.G. and Sukathme, P.V. (1967). Statistical Method for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi. 381.
  15. Subramanian, A., Nirmalakumari, A. and Veerabadhiran, P. (2010). Trait based selection of superior kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) genotypes. Electronic Journal of Plant. Bred. 1: 852-855.
  16. Sumathi, P., John Joel, A. and Muralidharan, V. (2007). Genetic variability in the hybrids of finger millet [E corcana. (L.) Gaertn.]. J. Crop Res. 33: 192-194.

Editorial Board

View all (0)