Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 40 issue 1 (march 2020) : 105-108

Socio-Economic Characteristics and Composition of Sheep and Goat Farming under Extensive System of Rearing

C. Shivakumara, B.S. Reddy, S. S. Patil
1Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru-560 065, Karnataka, India.
Cite article:- Shivakumara C., Reddy B.S., Patil S. S. (2020). Socio-Economic Characteristics and Composition of Sheep and Goat Farming under Extensive System of Rearing. Agricultural Science Digest. 40(1): 105-108. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-5006.
Sheep and goat play an important role in Indian economy and source of livelihood and employment to millions of rural households. Sheep and goats in India are mostly maintained on natural vegetation on common grazing lands, wastelands and uncultivated (fallow) lands, stubbles of cultivated crops and top feeds (tree loppings). Rarely they are kept on grain, cultivated fodder or crop residue. Sheep and goat rearing is the backbone of the economy of small and landless farmers in India. The study was carried out in Tumakuru, Chitradurga, Belagavi and Kalaburagi districts of Karnataka. The results of the study revealed that majority of the sheep and goat farmers belonged to age group of above 40 years and are illiterate (50-52%). The family size of sheep and goat rearing households have medium size with 4-6 members. The maximum number of farmers were having income of less than `1 lakh per annum, who belonged to backward class, scheduled caste and scheduled tribe. The total number of sheep per household were 25, 67 and 27 under small, medium and large herd size with an overall average of 71 sheep per farm. Similarly, about 17, 29 and 43 goats were found in small, medium and large flock size of goat with an average of 30 goats per flock. Majority of the farmers were having kaccha type of shed for rearing sheep (41.66%) and goat (80%).
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