Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 39 issue 4 (december 2019) : 357-360

Incidence and Antibiotic Susceptibility Profile of Pasteurella Maltocida Isolates Isolated from Goats in Savar Area of Bangladesh

Snigdha Joyti Ahmed, Md. Ashraful Hasan, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, Mohammad Mahfuz Ali Khan Shawan, Md. Forhad Uddin, Md. Nazibur Rahman, Md. Mozammel Hossain
1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.
Cite article:- Ahmed Joyti Snigdha, Hasan Ashraful Md., Islam Rafiqul Mohammad, Shawan Khan Ali Mahfuz Mohammad, Uddin Forhad Md., Rahman Nazibur Md., Hossain Mozammel Md. (2019). Incidence and Antibiotic Susceptibility Profile of Pasteurella Maltocida Isolates Isolated from Goats in Savar Area of Bangladesh. Agricultural Science Digest. 39(4): 357-360. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-4917.
In Bangladesh, goat farming is substantially hampered due to outbreaks of respiratory infectious diseases like pneumonia causing morbidity, mortality and economic losses in Black Bengal goats. Among the infectious agents, Pasteurella maltocida is more frequently associated with the outbreak of acute pneumonia and death of goats. Hence, the occurrence of P. multocida in the goat population should be regularly investigated to effectively control the disease. Furthermore, antibiotic resistance/sensitivity profiling of P. maltocida also needs to be regularly updated for designing or updating of efficient treatment strategy. In this investigation, 150 nasal swab samples from goats were collected from Savar region of Bangladesh and on the basis of colony, staining and biochemical characteristics P. multocida were isolated in 25 samples. Disc diffusion assay was used to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of 20 isolates against 9 different antimicrobial agents. This study revealed that the rate of P. multocida isolated from goats in Savar area was about 16.67%. The incidence of P. multocida was higher in goats affected with acute pneumonia than apparently healthy goats. P. multocida was fully resistant to penicillin and amoxicillin whereas showed high sensitivity towards ciprofloxacin followed by streptomycin and neomycin. This study suggests that ciprofloxacin, streptomycin and neomycin are potent anti-Pasteurella multocida drugs.
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