Influence of iron and zinc on yield, quality of chickpea and status of iron and zinc in post harvest soil 

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4882    | Article Id: D-4882 | Page : 31-35
Citation :- Influence of iron and zinc on yield, quality of chickpea and status of iron and zinc in post harvest soil.Agricultural Science Digest.2019.(39):31-35
C. Pooja and I.M. Sarawad Poojac795@gmail.com
Address : Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Vijayapur University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 4-02-2019
Accepted Date : 11-03-2019

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the most important and ancient pulse crop being traditionally grown during rabi season and cultivated mainly in semi-arid regions. The content of iron and zinc in the soil of Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS) is below the critical level. A field experiment to study the effect of iron and zinc nutrition on growth, yield and nutrient uptake by chickpea conducted in the vertisols of the  Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS), Vijayapur during rabi 2017-18. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with ten treatments and three replications. The treatments included  RPP (Recommended package of practice) and application of iron @ 2, 4 and 6 kg ha-1 and zinc @ 2, 3 and 4 kg ha-1 in combinations along with RPP (RDF (Recommended dose of fertilizer) @ 10:25:00:: N : P2O5 : K2O kg ha-1). The results of the experiment revealed that, the application of iron and zinc in combinations resulted in significant increase in growth, yield and nutrient uptake by chickpea over RPP alone. Among the different treatments RPP + 6 kg Fe ha-1 + 4 kg Zn ha-1 was resulted in the maximum test weight (28.28 g), seed (2065.4 kg ha-1) and straw (1734.9 kg ha-1) yield. Similarly, higher protein content, uptake of nutrients (Fe and Zn) by the crop and residual iron and zinc status in soil were recorded due to the application of RPP + 6 kg Fe ha-1 + 4 kg Zn ha-1. These results were at par with the application of RPP + 6 kg Fe ha-1 + 3 kg Zn ha-1 and lower values were recorded in the treatment that received RPP alone. Finally it could be concluded that the application of fertilizers containing iron and zinc helpeds to improve crop yield, protein content and nutrient uptake by chickpea crop and residual soil fertility in terms of iron and zinc.

Keywords

Chickpea Iron Protein Uptake Yield Zinc.

References

  1. Anonymous, (2017). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2016, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, pp. 109-111.
  2. AOAC. (1984). Official Methods for Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 14th edition. Arlington, VA, p. 1141.
  3. Balai, K., Jajoria, M., Verma, R., Deewan, P. and Bairwa, S. K. (2017). Nutrient content, uptake, quality of chickpea and fertility status of soil as influenced by fertilization of phosphorus and zinc. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 6(1): 392-398.
  4. Biradar, N. S., (2015). Studies on zinc and ferrous sulphate application on growth and yield of rabi sorghum and chickpea intercrops in a vertisol. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis. Univ. Agric. Sci, Dharwad, Karnataka (India).
  5. Duraisamy, P. and Mani, A.K. (2001). Effect of iron and molybdenum on yield and nutrition of horse gram in red loamy sand soil. Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 35: 26-31.
  6. Goos, R.J. and Johnson, B.E. (2000). Acomparison of three methods for reducing iron deficiency chlorosis in soybean. Agron. J. 92: 1135-1139.
  7. Gupta, S.C. and Sahu, S. (2012). Response of chickpea to micronutrients and bio fertilizers in vertisol., Legume Res. 35 (3): 248 – 251.
  8. Hemn, O.S. (2013). Effect of foliar fertilization of Fe, B and Zn on nutrient concentration and seed protein of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). J. Agri. Vet. Sci. 6: 42-46.
  9. Karajanagi, M, S. (2013). Response of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) TO identified micronutrients constraints under vertisol of malaprabha command area in Karnataka, M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis . Univ. Agric. Sci. Dharwad, Karnataka (India).
  10. Kareti, Siva, S., Krishna, S. and George, P.J. (2017). Effect of levels of phosphorus and zinc on growth and yield of Kabuli chickpea (Cicer kabulium L.), J. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 6(4): 1013-1016.
  11. Krishna, S. (1995). Effect of sulphur and zinc application on yield, S and Zn uptake and protein content of mung (greengram). Legume Res. 18: 89–92.
  12. Krishnamurthy, K., Bommegouda, A., Ragunath, G., Rajashekhar, B.G., Venugopal, N., et al. (1973). Investigation on the structure of yield in cereals (maize and sorghum). Final Tech. Report of PL. 480 Project. p. 373.
  13. Kuldeep (2016). Effect of iron and zinc nutrition on growth, yield and quality of chickpea. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci. Junagadh (India).
  14. Kumar, P. and Sharma, M.K. (2013). Nutrient Deficiencies of Field Crops: Guide to Diagnosis and Management. Research Building Sirohi Department of Agriculture Government of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India. pp. 189-191.
  15. Majumdar, D.K. (2011). Pulse crop production – Principles and Technologies. PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi, India.
  16. Marschner, P. (2012). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, Academic Press, UK, pp. 191-243.
  17. Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R. (1982). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2- Chemical and Microbiological Properties. 2nd Edition. Agronomy No. 9 Part 2. ASA, SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  18. Piper, C.S. (1966). Soil and Plant Analysis, Inter-science Publishers, Inc., New York. pp. 368.
  19. Prasad, S.D. and Sharma, S.K. (2015). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on yield and economics of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) grown during kharif season. Agric. Res. J. 52(3): 991-95.
  20. Sanjay, T.S. (2017). Studies on effect of graded levels of potassium and zinc on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and quality of pigeon pea. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis. Vasantrao naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani (India).
  21. Singh, B.G. and Hiremath, S.M. (1990), Effect of zinc fertilization on physiological aspects of mungbean. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ. 15(2): 176-78.
  22. Singh, C.K., Sharanappa and Rakesh Kumar. (2006). Effect of phosphorus, zinc, sulphur and bioinoculants on yield and economics of cowpea. Mysore J. Agril. Sci. 40(1): 138-141.
  23. Singh, U. and Yadav, D. S. (2004). Response of green gram to sulphur and zinc. Ann. Agric. Res. 25(3): 463-464.

Global Footprints