Incidence of Brown Plant Hopper in the Rice Field with the Use of Different Doses of Fertilizers

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4775    | Article Id: D-4775 | Page : 108-113
Citation :- Incidence of Brown Plant Hopper in the Rice Field with the Useof Different Doses of Fertilizers.Agricultural Science Digest.2019.(39):108-113
Arshdeep Singh, Anita Jaswal, Shimpy Sarkar harrydeep628@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India
Submitted Date : 16-06-2018
Accepted Date : 13-06-2019

Abstract

The rice brown planthopper is a rice pest, which one is very harmful when the nitrogen fertilizer is applied at a higher rate. To evaluate the effect of brown plant hopper by using different fertilizers on transplanted basmati rice, a field experiment was  conducted at the experimental farm of School of Agriculture, in Lovely Professional University, Punjab during Kharif season 2015–2016. The different fertilizer doses were used, and the experiment comprised of 15 treatments. The results showed that the nitrogen fertilizer did not harm to rice crop, but the attack of brown planthopper was icreased due to more succulent tissues of a rice plant. The nitrogen increased the photosynthesis effect and ratio in the plant due to more production of chlorophyll. In case of another fertilizer P and K (P2O5 and K2O) are not promoting but also nor affecting to insect/pests attack. Zinc sulfate proved that its effect was much positive towards crop because the zinc sulfate making less susceptibility of plants to pest attack at all doses. The rice crop was showed highest brown plant hopper attack at 50 kg ha-1 of nitrogen and also showed maximum plant height, number of tillers, panicles/plant, and 1000 grain weight. Maximum grain and straw yield (7093 kg/ha, 8753 kg/ha) was recorded in T9 where N- 50, P-40 kg ha-1 was applied. The grain yield and straw yield was recorded maximum in treated plots as compared to the control.

Keywords

Brown plant hopper Fertilizer Grain yield Straw yield Treatments

References

  1. Ali MP, Huang D, Nachman G, Ahmed N, Begum MA, Rabbi MF. Will climate change affect outbreak patterns of planthoppers in Bangladesh?. PLoS One. 2014 Mar 11;9(3):e91678.
  2. Bewke GB. Review on integrated pest management of important disease and insect pest of rice (Oryzae sativa L.). World Scientific News. 2018;100:184-196.
  3. Bottrell DG, Schoenly KG. Resurrecting the ghost of green revolutions past: the brown planthopper as a recurring threat to high-yielding rice production in tropical Asia. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 2012 Mar 1;15(1):122-140.
  4. Cao TT, Lü J, Lou YG, Cheng JA. Feeding-induced interactions between two rice planthoppers, Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera (Hemiptera: Delphacidae): effects on feeding and honeydew excretion. Environmental Entomology. 2013 Dec 1;42(6):1281-1291.
  5. Daravath V, Chander S. Niche regulation between brown plant hopper (BPH) and white backed planthopper (WBPH) in association with their natural enemy population in the rice ecosystem.2017
  6. De Bruyne L, Höfte M, De Vleesschauwer D. Connecting growth and defense: the emerging roles of brassinosteroids and gibberellins in plant innate immunity. Molecular Plant. 2014 Jun 1;7(6):943-959.
  7. De Vleesschauwer D, Seifi S, Filipe O, Haeck A, Huu SN, Demeestere K, Höfte MM. The DELLA protein SLR1 integrates and amplifies salicylic acid-and jasmonic acid-dependent innate immunity in rice. Plant physiology. 2016 Jan 1:pp-01515.
  8. Horgan FG, Cruz AP, Bernal CC, Ramal AF, Almazan ML, Wilby A. Resistance and tolerance to the brown plant hopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål), in rice infested at different growth stages across a gradient of nitrogen applications. Field Crops Research. 2018 Mar 31;217:53-65.
  9. Horgan FG, Quiring DT, Lagnaoui A, Pelletier Y. Variable responses of tuber moth to the leaf trichomes of wild potatoes. Entomologia Experimentaliset Applicata. 2007 Oct;125(1):1-2.
  10. Horgan FG, Srinivasan TS, Naik BS, Ramal AF, Bernal CC, Almazan ML. Effects of nitrogen on egg-laying inhibition and ovicidal response in plant hopper-resistant rice varieties. Crop Protection. 2016 Nov 1; 89:223-230.
  11. Huangfu J, Li J, Li R, Ye M, Kuai P, Zhang T, Lou Y. The transcription factor OsWRKY45 negatively modulates the resistance of rice to the brown plant hopper Nilaparvata lugens. International journal of molecular sciences. 2016 May 31;17(6):697.
  12. Li R, Zhang J, Li J, Zhou G, Wang Q, Bian W, Erb M, Lou Y. Prioritizing plant defense over growth through WRKY regulation facilitates infestation by non-target herbivores. Elife. 2015 Jun 17;4:e04805.
  13. Lu, Z., Zhu, P., Gurr, G.M., Zheng, X., Chen, G. and Heong, K.L., 2015. Rice pest management by ecological engineering: a pioneering attempt in China. In Rice Planthoppers (pp. 161- 178). Springer, Dordrecht.
  14. Madhuri G, Rout KK, Dash PC, Rath LK. Influence of Graded Levels of Fertilizers Against Brown Planthoppers (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stal) and Green Leaf Hopper Nephotettix virescens (Distant) in Paddy. Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 2017;5(5):984-988.
  15. Rashid MM, Ahmed N, Jahan M, Islam KS, Nansen C, Willers JL, Ali MP. Higher fertilizer inputs increase fitness traits of brown plant hopper in rice. Scientific reports. 2017 Jul 5;7(1):4719.
  16. Rashid MM, Jahan M, Islam KS. Impact of ni t rogen, phosphorus and potassium on brown planthopper and tolerance of its host rice plants. Rice Science. 2016 May 1;23(3):119-131.
  17. Schuman MC, Baldwin IT. The layers of plant responses to insect herbivores. Annual review of entomology. 2016 Mar 11;61: 373-394.
  18. Sogawa K. Plant hopper outbreaks in different paddy ecosystems in Asia: man-made hopper plagues that threatened the green revolution in rice. InRice Plant hoppers 2015 (pp. 33-63). Springer, Dordrecht.
  19. Zhang J, Luo T, Wang W, Cao T, Li R, Lou Y. Silencing OsSLR1 enhances the resistance of rice to the brown plant hopper Nilaparvata lugens. Plant, Cell & Environment. 2017 Oct;40(10):2147-2159. 113

Global Footprints