Effect of different methods of sowing and row orientation on growth, yield and quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4720    | Article Id: D-4720 | Page : 51-54
Citation :- Effect of different methods of sowing and row orientation on growth, yield and quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).Agricultural Science Digest.2019.(39):51-54
Kuldeep Singh and Rakesh Sharma rakeshvirgo@yahoo.co.in
Address : Division of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural, Khalsa College, Amritsar-143 002, Punjab, India.
Submitted Date : 30-01-2018
Accepted Date : 1-04-2019


A field experiment was conducted during Rabi season of 2015-16 at the Students’ Research Farm, Khalsa College Amritsar, on sandy loam soil, low in organic carbon and available N, Medium in available P and high in available K. Field experiment was laid out in split plot design comprising four methods of sowing such as (Bed Planting, Zero tillage, Flat drilling,  Happy seeder) and two row orientation as (North-South and East-West) replicated four times. Bed planting method produced significantly higher growth characters (i.e. plant height, leaf area index and dry matter accumulation, yield contributing characters effective tillers, grains ear-1, grain and straw yield, harvest index and B C ratio) than happy seeder and zero tillage sowing Bed planting recorded 14% and 10.48% higher grain yield over happy seeder and zero tillage sowing, respectively. Between row orientations, north-south row orientation produced higher growth and yield attributes than east-west whereas grain yield and biological yield was 3.86% and 3.77% higher than east-west sowing direction respectively.


Growth Quality Row Orientation Sowing Methods Wheat Yield.


  1. Anonymous (2015) Annual production of wheat in Punjab http://www.indiastat.com/agriculture/2/foodgrains/17180/wheat/17195/stat.aspx.
  2. Brant, V., Neckar, K., Pivec, J., Duchoslav, M., Holec, J., Fuksa, P. and venclova, V., (2009) Competition of some summer catch crops and volunteer cereals in the areas with limited precipitation. Plant, Soil and Environment 55: 17-24.
  3. Cochran, W.C. and Cox, C.M., (1963) Experimental Design. John Wiley Publisher New York.
  4. Hozayn, M., Shahawy, T.A. and Sharara, F.A., (2012) Implication of crop row orientation and row spacing for controlling weeds and increasing yield in wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). Australian J Basic Applied Sci 6(3): 422-27.
  5. KilicHasan (2010) The effect of planting methods on yield and yield components of irrigated spring durum wheat varieties. Sci Res and Essays 5(20): 3063-69.
  6. Kumar, N., Niwas, R., Mani, J.K. and Chander, S., (2012) Influence of direction of sowing on growth and yield of barley (Hordeumvulgare L.). Crop Res 43(1): 20-23
  7. Malik, R. K., Yadav, A. and Kamboj, B. R., (2006) Conservation tillage and crop establishment techniques. Abstract Golden Jublee National Symposius on December 2014.
  8. Mollah, M.I.U., Bhuiya, M.S.U. and Kabir M.H (2009). Bed Planting – A new crop establishment method for wheat in rice- wheat cropping system. J Agric Rural Dev 7: 23-31.
  9. Pandey, B.P., Basnet, K.B., Bhatta, M. R., Sah, S.K., Thapa, R.B. and Kandel, T.P., (2013) Effect of row spacing and direction of sowing on yield and yield attributing characters of wheat. J AgricSci 4: 309-16.
  10. Radwan, F.I., Gomma, M.A., Nasser, M.A., Kandil, E.E. and Lamlon, S.F., (2013). Effect of sowing methods and bio-organic fertilizer on growth, yield and yield components of wheat(Triticum aestivum L.). Res J Agric and Bio Sci 9(1): 70-78.
  11. Shekhsr, C., Singh, D., Singh, A.D., Nepalia, V. and Choudhary, J. (2014) Weed dynamics, productivity and soil health under different tillage and weed control practices in wheat (Triticumaestivum)-maize (Zea mays) cropping sequence. Indian J Agron 59(4): 561-67.
  12. Yongqing, M.A.,(2005) Allelopathic studies of common wheat (Triticum aestivum) Weed Biol. Manag 5(3): 93.

Global Footprints