Effect of nutrient supply system on biometry and rhizosphere microflora  of  soybean, pigeon pea and sorghum.

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-4516    | Article Id: D-4516 | Page : 22-26
Citation :- Effect of nutrient supply system on biometry and rhizosphere microflora of soybean, pigeon pea and sorghum..Agricultural Science Digest.2018.(38):22-26

M.S. Girme and D.H. Sarnobat

M.S. Girme and D.H. Sarnobat dhanu.dhemre@rediffmail.com
Address : Agriculture College, Latur. Marathwada Agriculture University, Parbhani-431 402 Maharashtra, India.
Submitted Date : 12-11-2016
Accepted Date : 18-12-2017


A field experiment was conducted at farm of Agriculture  College, Latur (Maharashtra) to study the Effect of Nutrient Supply System on Biometry i.e. Plant height, functional leaves, grain yield and straw yield  of Soybean,  Pigeon pea and Sorghum as well as to study the azotobactor,phosphate solubilizing bacteria , fungi, actinomycetes  and total microorganism in the rhizosphere  microflora of soybean,  pigeon pea and sorghum. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with seven treatments combinations replicated two time. The treatments were - T1-organic ( 100% R.D.F.) ,T2-Inorganic nutrient supply system.(Rhizobium + PSB + Azotobactor + FYM ), T3—Integrated  nutrient supply system.( 50% R.D.F. +50% FYM + Rhizobium PSB + Azotobactor  ), T4- maximum yield nutrient supply system. T5- biodyamics or Ecofriendly nutrient supply system.. T6- natural (No fertilizer) ,T7-fallow . The fertilizer were applied as a basal dose as per the treatments. The observation on growth i.e. height of plant and number of functional leaves and yield were recorded by using five randomly selected plants of soybean,pigeon pea and sorghum in each treatment plot. The selected plants were labelled and all subsequent biometric observations were recorded on labelled plants during the course of investigation.The judicious use of biofertilizers like rhizobium, azotobactor ,phosohate solubilizing  bacteria with organic manures helped in building up of soil microflora .It also help to augment the availabity of nutrient that could be easily assimilated by plants. The results revealed that the Maximum Yield nutrient supply system ( MYNSS  ) is significantly superior to other system and it was at par with integrated nutrient supply system.


Actinomycetes Azotobactor Biometry Fungi Functional leaves Microflora Nutrient supply system Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria Plant height Total microorganism Yield.


  1. Anonymous , (2003). http // www. Sopa. Org. / introduction htm. 
  2. Babalad HB (1999) Integrated nutrient management for sustainable production in soybean based cropping system. Ph.D. Thesis , University of Agricultural Science, Dharwad.
  3. Bagyaraj , D.J. and Rangaswami,G.(1968). Effect of heavy doses of ammonium sulphate on the microflora of soil and the rhizosphere of ragi. The Mysore J.Agril.Sci.,2:273-279.
  4. Baink,S and Datta, M. (1988). Zentralbl Mikrobial, 143 : 139-147
  5. Bharadwaj,V. and Omanwar,P.K.(1992). Impact of long term fertility treatments on microbial population of soil. J. India.Soc. Soil Sci.,40:553-55.
  6. Dhonde, M.B.,Andhale,R.P. and Shinde ,S.H.(2004).Effect of integrated nutrient management of on growth and yield of sorghum ( sorghum biolor) J.Maharhshtra agric.Univ., 29(2):130-132.
  7. Emminath,V.S. and Rangaswami,G.(1971). Studies on the Effect of heavy doses of fertilizer on the soil and the rhizosphere microflora of rice. Mysore J.Agril.Sci.,5 :39-59
  8. Iswaran,V. (1970). Effectiveness and ineffectiveness in Rhizobium India Agri. News Digest, 2(1) : 6
  9. Jones,N.P. and Screenivasa, M.N.(1993). Effect of inoculation of VAM and or PSB on rhizosphere microflora of sunflower .If Azotobactor and PSB bacteria. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring 3(1): 55-58.
  10. Kukreja,K.Mishtra,M.M.,Dhankar,.S.S.Kapoor,K.K. and Gupta, A.P. (1991) Effect of long term manurial application on microbial biomass J.Indian Soc.Sci. 39: 685-88
  11. Kumarawt et.al. (1997) .Response of soybean to biofertilizers in black clay soil. Crop Res., 14(2) : 209-214 
  12. Menaria, B.L.,Singh,P. and Nagar ,R.K. (2003). Effect of nutrient and microbial inoculants on growth and yield of soybean. J.Soils and crops 13(1) : 14-17.
  13. Patil,U.S. (1999). Phosphorus solubilizing bacterial characterization from soils of Parbhani district and their effect on sunflower. M.Sc.(Agri) Thesis.,M.A.U.Parbhani.(India)
  14. Pramer,D. and Schmidt,E.J.(1964). Experimental Soil Microbiology,(Ed.1 Burgess) publishing Company,Minnesota.
  15. Rajput,R.S.,Tiwari,O.P.,Shrivastava,G.K. nad Tripathi R.S. (2002). Effect of integrated phosphorus management on the growth and dry matter production of pigeonpea(cajanus cajan (L.)) Ann. of Agril. Res. 23(3) : 494-496. 
  16. Raut ,R.S. (1980). Studies of Azotobacter in some soil of Marathwada and effect of Azotobacter inoculation on sorghum,wheat , onion,brinjal and okra. Ph.D.Thesis, M.A.U.Parbhani 
  17. Reddy,B.(1987). Growth ,yield and nutrient uptake behaviour of soybean varieties .Thesis Abst., 13(3) ; 195. MAU, Parbhani.
  18. Shaha , J.P. and Joshi, H.V. (1986). Biofertilizer for improving production of cereal crops. Fert .News,31 (12) : 75-77. 
  19. Sharma,S.C.,Vyas, A.K. and Shaktawat M.S. (2002). Effect of levels and sources of phosphorus under the influence of farmyard manure on growth determinants and productivity of soybean(Glycine Max.L.) Merrill. Indian J.Agric. Res.,36(2) : 123-127. 
  20. Somani,L.L.(1978). It pays to inoculate legume seeds. Indian Fmg Dig.,11(3) : 5-7 
  21. SOPA (2016) - Soybean Processors Association of India.
  22. Sneha S.,Raut C.N.,Chore R.D. Deotale,Kuchanwar ,Ommala, (2003). Response of seed dressing with bio –fertilizer and nutrient on morphophysiological parameters and yield of soybean. J.Soils and crops 13(2) : 309-313.
  23. Sulvestar,B.R.,Asakwa,N.Torraco,S.L.A.,Magalhaes,F.M.M.,Olivera,L.A.and Perrica, R. M. (1982).Quantitative survey of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms in the rhizophere of grasses and forage legumes in Amezonia.Acta.Amazonia,12:15-22

Global Footprints