Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 4.75

  • SJR 0.156

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Science Digest, volume 35 issue 4 (december 2015) : 295-299

Heterosis studies for yield and fiber quality traits in intra hirsutum hybrids of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

B. Srinivas*, D. Bhadru
1<p>Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding,&nbsp;Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, India.</p>
Cite article:- Srinivas* B., Bhadru D. (2015). Heterosis studies for yield and fiber quality traits in intra hirsutum hybridsof cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) . Agricultural Science Digest. 35(4): 295-299. doi: 10.18805/asd.v35i4.6862.

The present study was performed to evaluate the heterosis effects for seed cotton yield and fiber quality traits of 56 hybrids and their parents involving seven lines and eight testers along with a check at Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad. The results showed that, range of relative heterosis varied from -3.40 to 13.29 in ginning percentage, -5.28 to 14.10 in 2.5% span length, -8.72 to 8.25 in uniformity ratio, -16.39 to 14.88 in micronaire value, -5.97 to 10.02 in bundle strength and -32.57 to 113.40 in seed cotton yield per plant, where, highest number of crosses (24) with significant mid parental heterosis in desirable direction was observed for seed cotton yield per plant followed by 2.5 % span length (16) and ginning percentage (12). Desirable and significant heterosis over better parent was observed in the crosses for all the studied characters except for uniformity ratio. A good number of crosses recorded significant standard heterosis over check for all the studied parameters except for uniformity ration and micronaire value. Apart from showing considerable level of heterosis for seed cotton yield, the crosses AKH 9331 x HAG 1055 exhibited good level of heterosis for ginning percentage, Galama x L 604 and Galama x JK 344 for uniformity ratio, Galama x HAG 1055, AKH 9331 x HAG 1055 and CPD 420 x IC 356932 for 2.5% span length and CPD 420 x JK 344 and BC 68-2 x LK 861 for bundle strength. So these crosses could be exploited to improve the yield along with one or more fiber quality traits through heterosis breeding.

  1. Ashokkumar K, Senthil Kumar K and Rajasekaran (2013). Heterosis studies for fiber quality of upland cotton in line x tester design. African J. Agric. Res. 8: 6359-6365

  2. Bolek Y, Cokkizgin H and Bardak A (2011). Combining ability and heterosis for fiber quality traits in cotton. Plant. Breed. Seed. Sci. 62:3-16. 

  3. Ganapathy S, Nadarajan N, Saravanan S and Shanmugathan M (2005). Heterosis for seed cotton yield and fiber characters in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L). Crop Res. 30: 451-454.

  4. Gilbert N E G (1958). Diallel crosses in plant breeding. Heredity 12: 477-498.

  5. Gutierrez, Gatica MH and Monteverde E (1998). Estudio de la heterosis en F1 provenientes del cruzamiento entre cinco cultivares de algodon (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Rev. Fac. Agron. (Maracay). 24: 115-128

  6. Iraddi V mand Kajjidoni ST (2009). A Comparative study on heterosis for productivity and fiber quality traits in intra-    herbaceum and interspecific (G. herbaceum x G. arboreum) crosses of diploid cotton. J. Res. Angrau. 37:35-43.

  7. Karademir C, Karademir E, Ekinci R and Gencer O (2009). Combining Ability Estimates and Heterosis for Yield and Fiber Quality of Cotton in Line x Tester Design. Not. Bot. Hort. Agrobot. Cluj. 37:228-233. 

  8. Karademir C, Karademir E and Gencer O (2011). Yield and Fiber Quality of F 1 and F 2 Generations of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Under Drought Stress Conditions. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci. 17:795–805. 

  9. Karademir E and Gencer O (2010). Combining Ability and Heterosis for Yield and Fiber Quality Properties in Cotton (G. hirsutum L.) obtained by Half Diallel Mating Design. Not. Bot. Hort. Agrobot. Cluj. 38:222-227.

  10. Kempthorne O (1957). An Introduction to Genetic Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, Inc: New York

  11. Khan UQ (2002). Studies of heterosis in fiber quality traits of cotton. Asian J. Plant Sci. 1:593-595.

  12. Maisuria AT, Patel JC, Patel KG and Solanki BG (2006). Study of best per se performance, heterosis and combining ability effects for seed cotton yield and its component characters through GMS system in Asiatic cotton. J. Indian Soc. Cott. Improv August: 88-92

  13. Muhammad MY, Mari TS, Laghari S, Soomro ZA and Abro S (2014). Estimation of Heterosis and Heterobeltiosis in F1 Hybrids of Upland Cotton. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 4: 68-72.

  14. Natera JRM, Rondon A, Hernandez J and Meranzopinto J F (2007). Genetic studies in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) I. Heterotic effects. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 39: 385-395.

  15. Niagun HG, Khadi BM (2001). Progeny analysis of fiber characteristics of DCH 32 an interspecific cotton hybrid. J . Genet. Breed. 55:209-216.

  16. Punitha D, Raveendran TS and Patil S (1999). Heterosis in coloured linted cotton genotypes for yield and quality traits. Journal of Soils and Crops. 9: 161-163.

  17. Rauf S, Khan TM and Nazir S (2005). Combining ability and heterosis in (G. hirsutum L.) Int. J. Agric. Biol. 7:109-113.

  18. Singh P, Loknathan TT and Agarwal DK (2003). Heterosis for fiber properties in intra-hirsutum crosees (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Indian Journal of Genetics 63: 325-327.

  19. Solang MY, Baloch MJ, Solangi MH, Chang MS and Lakho AR (2002). Performance of intra-hirsutum F1 hybrids (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 1: 126-127.

  20. Tuteja OP and Banga M (2011). Effects of cytoplasm on heterosis for agronomic traits inupland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 81:23-29.

  21. Tuteja OP, Kumar S, Hasan H and Singh M (2005). Heterosis and interrelationship between seed cotton yield and qualitative characters in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 75:167-171.

  22. Yanal A, Patil SS, Manjula SM, Patil BC, Nadaf HL, and Nandihali BS (2013). Studies Heterosis Exploitation Heterotic Boxes Seed Cotton Yield Attributing Characters. Cotton Genomics and Genetics. 4: 45-59.


Editorial Board

View all (0)