Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 35 issue 2 (june 2015) : 142-145

Biology of whitebacked plant hopper , Sogatella furcifera on basmati rice under agroclimatic condition of Haryana

Sandeep Kumar*, Lakhi Ram, Ankit Kumar, S.S. Yadav, Banvir Singh, Deepika Kalkal
1Department of Entomology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, India.
Cite article:- Kumar* Sandeep, Ram Lakhi, Kumar Ankit, Yadav S.S., Singh Banvir, Kalkal Deepika (2024). Biology of whitebacked plant hopper , Sogatella furcifera on basmati rice under agroclimatic condition of Haryana. Agricultural Science Digest. 35(2): 142-145. doi: 10.5958/0976-0547.2015.00026.9.
The whitebacked planthopper (WBPH), Sogatella furcifera (Horvath) is an important pest of rice (Oryza sativa L.). The objective of this study was to examine the biology of pest under agro-climatic condition of Haryana, India during Kharif-2012. Observations were taken to examine the site of oviposition, hatching, per cent larval duration, pupal period, longevity etc. The colour of adult was dull - white with blackish spot on dorsal side of abdomen with average fecundity of 132.8 eggs/female in cluster of 5 to 30 eggs. The highest number of eggs (71.96%) were laid on leaf sheath of plants followed by midrib (16.66%) and stem (11.36%). The average incubation period was 8.6±0.24 days with 84.21 per cent hatching. Maximum hatching of eggs was observed during morning hours. WBPH completed its post - embryonic development in 42.09 days (male) and 44.4 days (female) and passed through five nymphal instars to become an adult with 89 per cent larval survival and 89±0.05 per cent moth emergence. Adult male was short lived 14.4 days as compared to female (15.9) days with 1.0:0.78 sex ratio. This study provides detailed information on the morphological peculiarties of immature stages with the duration required for the completion of life cycle.
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