Developing a Cost Structure of Frozen Semen Production and Performance of Artificial Insemination for Sheep Breeding Program

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-321    | Article Id: D-321 | Page : 104-108
Citation :- Developing a Cost Structure of Frozen Semen Production and Performance of Artificial Insemination for Sheep Breeding Program.Agricultural Science Digest.2022.(42):104-108
M. Asaduzzaman, A. Saha, M.G.S. Alam, F.Y. Bari mazvet@gmail.com
Address : Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.
Submitted Date : 11-11-2020
Accepted Date : 5-01-2021


Background: Artificial insemination is an important applicable tool in increasing productivity by genetic exploitation through the male line. But farmers or breeders adoption require to be known the detailed cost structure and the nature of the cost function of the new technology. In this paper, therefore an attempt is made to develop a cost structure for frozen semen dose and a representative artificial breeding program in ewes.
Methods: Semen was frozen twice-weekly for a period of a month following traditional box-freezing. Variable and fixed costs associated with the ram management, semen collection, processing and freezing were estimated and used in frozen semen production cost calculation. Cost items estimated as per cost assumption model and used for artificial insemination cost calculation.
Result: The mean production cost of a frozen semen straw was estimated as Tk. 41.66 where ram maintenance cost, semen processing and preservation cost and staff cost shared the maximum expenses were to be 53.69, 12.93 and 33.38%, respectively. The average performance cost of artificial insemination incurred in the study was approximately Tk. 217.31, there in the semen dose, AI pipette and hormone cost covered the top areas of expenses to be 38.34, 23.00 and 19.33%, respectively. The cost estimate of the current study will be of more informative for breeders, stakeholders and researchers in sheep breeding technology.


Artificial insemination cost Frozen semen cost Sheep breeding


  1. Acharya, M. (2017). Improvement in simple artificial insemination in sheep using chilled extended semen and consideration of fertility in ewes. 
  2. Akinbobola, A. (2018). Sample Feed Formula for Nursing Goat and Sheep. Livestocking. Retrieved from https://www.live stocking.net/sample-feed-formulae-goats-sheep.
  3. Arun, P. and Jain, D.K. (2002). Cost of frozen semen production    on an organised farm-A case study. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 15(1): 41-49.
  4. Bora, J. and Das, A.K. (2013). Costs and returns of integrated fish farming in Jorhat district of Assam. Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal. 33(4): 289-293.
  5. Bragg, S. (2018). Total Cost Formula - Accounting Tools. Retrieved from https://www.accountingtools.com/articles/total-cost-formula.html.
  6. Butswat, I.S. and Choji, G.F. (1995). Constraints to the adoption of Artificial Insemination techniques in livestock production in Bauchi L.G.A. of Bauchi State. Nigerian Journal of  Animal Production. 5(4): 93-188. 
  7. Evans, G. (1988). Current topics in artificial insemination of sheep. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences. 41(1): 103-116.
  8. Faigl, V., Vass, N., Jávor, A., Kulcsár, M., Solti, L., Amiridis, G. and Cseh, S. (2012). Artificial insemination of small ruminants- a review. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica. 60(1): 115-129. 
  9. Gillespie, J. M., Davis, C.G. and Rahelizatovo, N.C. (2004). Factors influencing the adoption of breeding technologies in US hog production. Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 36(1379-2016-112601): 35-47.
  10. Jha, P.K., Alam, M.G.S., Al Mansur, M.A., Talukder, M.R.I., Naher, N., Rahman, A.K.M. et al., F.Y. (2020). Effects of number of frozen-thawed ram sperm and number of inseminations on fertility in synchronized ewes under field condition. Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology. 35(2): 190-197.
  11. Jha, P.K., Alam, M.G.S., Mansur, A.A., Naher, N., Islam, T., Bhuiyan, M.U. and Bari, F.Y. (2019). Cryopreservation of Bangladeshi ram semen using different diluents and manual freezing techniques. Cryobiology. 89: 35-41.
  12. Kumar, P. and Singh, K. (2018). Role of different factors in economics of a bovine semen station. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 7: 4573-4580
  13. Lopez Sebastián, A., Coloma, M.A., Toledano, A. and Santiago Moreno, J. (2014). Hormone free protocols for the control of reproduction and artificial insemination in goats. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 49: 22-29.
  14. Naher, N., Juyena, N.S., Jha, P.K., Talukder, M.R.I., Alam, M.G.S. and Bari, F.Y. (2016). Factors influencing the pregnancy rate in indigenous ewes following AI using frozen semen. Bangladesh Veterinarian. 33(2): 33-38.
  15. Nuti, L. (2007). Techniques for artificial insemination of goats. In Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology WB Saunders. (pp. 529-534).
  16. Pandit, A. and Jain, D.K. (2003). Cost of artificial insemination using frozen semen. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, 22.
  17. Parish, J.A. and Riley, J.M. (2011). Economic comparisons of artificial insemination vs. natural mating for beef cattle herds. 
  18. Rekha, A., Zohara, B.F., Bari, F. and Alam, M.G.S. (2016). Comparison of commercial Triladyl extender with a tris-fructose-egg-yolk extender on the quality of frozen semen and pregnancy rate after transcervical AI in Bangladeshi indigenous sheep (Ovis aries). Small Ruminant Research. 134: 39-43.
  19. Rozeboom, K.J. (2007). The Benefits and Constraints to Widespread use of Reproductive Technology in the Future. North Carolina State University. Pp.56-63. 
  20. Salamon, S. and Maxwell, W.M.C. (2000). Storage of ram semen. Animal reproduction science. 62(1-3): 77-111.
  21. Shipley, C.F.B., Buckrell, B.C., Mylne, M.J.A., Pollard, J. and Hunton, J.R. (2007). Artificial insemination and embryo transfer in sheep. In Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology WB Saunders. (pp. 629-641).
  22. Thirunavukkarasu, M. (2009). Cost of artificial breeding in bovines-An estimation. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 79(12): 1245.

Global Footprints