Loading...

Impact of Pollinator Insects Associated with Cucumber Fruit Set

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-290    | Article Id: D-290 | Page : 615-619
Citation :- Impact of Pollinator Insects Associated with Cucumber Fruit Set.Agricultural Science Digest.2021.(41):615-619
Md. Ruhul Amin, S. Nahid, Sang Jae Suh mramin.bsmrau@gmail.com
Address : School of Applied Biology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. 
Submitted Date : 24-06-2020
Accepted Date : 3-11-2020

Abstract

Background: Cucumber is one of the popular vegetables of the cultivated cucurbits. Different insect species harbored with cucumber plant and they influence on its production, but little have been studied in Bangladesh. This study investigated the abundance of the insect species and the impact of insect pollinators on cucumber yield. 
Methods: Investigation was conducted in summer and rainy seasons at Gazipur, Bangladesh. Insects were collected and categorized as pest, predator, pollinator and casual visitor. Occurrence of the insects at different hours of the day and impact of supplemented insect pollinators on fruit and seed set compared to natural and hand pollination were studied. 
Result: In total thirty species of insects were found with cucumber plants and their relative abundances ranged from 0.4 to 13.7%. We found ten species of insects as pest, ten species as predator, four species as pollinator and six species as casual visitor. The red pumpkin beetle, epilachna beetle and fruit fly were found as the major pests. The red pumpkin beetle revealed the top ranks among the insects and the highest abundance of the insects occurred at 09:00 h of the day. Supplemented insect pollinators revealed higher yield, which indicated the significant for conserving insect pollinators.

Keywords

Cucumis sativus Pest Predator Pollinator Yield

References

  1. Ahmad, M., Aslam, M. (2002). Pollinators visiting carrot (Daucus carota L.) seed crop. Journal of Research Science. 13: 31-35. 
  2. Amin, M.R., Namni, S., Miah, M.R.U., Miah, M.G., Zakaria, M., Suh, S.J., Kwon, Y.J. (2015). Insect inventories in a mango-based agroforestry area in Bangladesh: foraging behavior and performance of pollinators on fruit set. Entomological Research. 45: 217-224.
  3. Barma, P., Jha, S. (2013). Insect and non-insect pests infesting pointed gourd (Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.) in West Bengal. Bioscan. 8: 537-543.
  4. BBS. (2017). Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Pp. 266-267.
  5. Dorjay, N., Abrol, D.P., Shankar, U. (2017). Insect visitors on cucumber and bitter gourd flowers and impact on quantity of crop production by different pollination treatment. Journal of Apiculture. 32: 77-88.
  6. Fomekong, A., Messi, J., Kekeunou, S., Tchuenguem, F.N., Tamesse, J.L. (2008). Entomofauna of Cucumer opsismannii Naudin, its impact on plant yield and some aspects of the biology of Dacus bivitattus (Diptera: Tephritidae). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 3: 363-37.
  7. FRG. (2012). Fertilizer Recommendation Guide. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farm Gate, Dhaka.
  8. Gemmill-Herren, B., Ochieng, O.A. (2008). Role of native bees and natural habitats in eggplant (Solanum melongena) pollination in Kenya. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment. 127: 31-36.
  9. Hossain, M.S., Yeasmin, F., Rahman, M.M., Akhtar, S., Hasnat, M.A. (2018). Role of insect visits on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) yield. Journal of Biodiversity Conservation and Bioresource Management. 4: 81-88.
  10. Khan, M.M.H., Alam, M.Z., Rahman, M.M., Miah, M.I.H., Hossain, M.M. (2012). Influence of weather factors on the incidence and distribution of pumpkin beetle infesting cucurbits. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research. 37: 361-367. 
  11. Khan, Z., Shah, A.H., Gul, R., Majid, A., Khan. U. (2015). Morphoagronomic characterization of cucumber germplasm for yield and yield associated traits. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. 6: 1-6.
  12. Krishna, N.K., Verghese, A., Shivakumara, B., Krishnamurthy, P.N., Ranganath, H.R. (2006). Fruit flies of economic importance from basic to applied knowledge. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Fruit Flies of Economic Importance. Salvador, Brazil. pp. 249-253.
  13. Marina, A.A.N., Nondenot, A.L.R., Landry, O.C., Christian, T.D.K. (2018). Entomofauna of cucumber Cucumis sativus (L.), damage assessment caused by insect pests in Dabou in south of Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of the Fauna of Biological Studies. 5: 27-34.
  14. Nancy, N.P., Amin, M.R., Mia, M.R.U., Miah, M.G. (2018). Diversity of insects in sweet gourd field of Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Ecology. 45: 854-857.
  15. Nancy, N.P., Amin, M.R., Mia, M.R.U., Miah, M.G. (2019). Native insect pollinators and their effect on sweet gourd production. Annals of Bangladesh Agriculture. 22: 63-68.
  16. Rahman, M.A., Amin, M.R., Mia, M.R.U., Khan, M.A.A. (2018). Arthropod fauna and their relative abundance in tomato intercropping system. Annals of Bangladesh Agriculture. 22: 59-65.
  17. Satti, A.A., Bilal, N.A. (2012). The major predators associated with lucerne crop at El-Gorair scheme in Northern Sudan. International Journal of Science Innovations and Discoveries. 2: 567-572. 
  18. Vidal. M.G., Dejon, D., Wien, H.C., Morse, R.A. (2010). Pollination and fruit set in pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) by honey bees. Review of Brasil Botany. 33: 107-113.

Global Footprints