Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 5.52

  • SJR 0.156

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Science Digest, volume 40 issue 4 (december 2020) : 364-369

The Effect of Different Planting Methods on Growth and Yield of Selected of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) Cultivars

A. Narmilan, S. Puvanitha
1Department of Biosystems Technology, Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka.
Cite article:- Narmilan A., Puvanitha S. (2020). The Effect of Different Planting Methods on Growth and Yield of Selected of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) Cultivars. Agricultural Science Digest. 40(4): 364-369. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-272.
Background: Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a source of carbohydrate among the population after maize and rice and highly contributes to food security and livelihood to majority of small scale farmers in Sri Lanka as well as in African continent. The production of these starchy plants is declining due to the problem of low yield, high labor cost, pest and diseases damage and shortage of land. However among the yield limiting factors of cassava, the planting method of stem cuttings which depend on plant cultivar and environmental conditions. Therefore, the present study was carried out to reveal information on the effect of planting methods on the growth and yield attributes of cassava.
Methods: The field experiment was conducted at the Farmer’s field in the Batticaloa and laboratory experiment was led in South Eastern University of Sri Lanka which is located in Sri Lanka. The field trail was carried out over a period of four months during from May to September in 2018. The treatments used were three planting positions (Angled, vertical and horizontal) and two cultivars (“cv. Local” and “cv Kirikawadi”) were combined in factorial arrangement and laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications.
Result: The result revealed that root yield was significantly (P d” 0.05) affected by the interaction effects of the planting position and varieties. Significant differences were observed among planting methods in all tested variables. Based on the study, storage roots yield of cassava could be enhanced by planting method of angled position.
  1. Abdullahi, N., Sidik, J.B., Ahmed, O.H. and Zakariah, M.H (2014). Effect of planting methods on growth and yield of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) grown with polythene-covering. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences. 1[(7) Special Issue]. 480-487.
  2. Agahiu, A.E. (2016). Assessment of Yield and Yield Components of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) as Influenced by Population Density and Varieties in Anyigba, Kogi State. International Journal of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences (IJAVS). 2(2): 46-51.
  3. Agriculture and Environment Statistics Division of the Department of Census and Statistics of Sri Lanka, (2015).
  4. Aina, O.O., Dixon, A.G. and Akinrinde, E.A., (2007). Effect of soil moisture stress on growth and yield of cassava in Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 10(18). 3085-90.
  5. Alves, A.A.A. Cassava Botany and Physiology. (2002). Cassava: Biology, Production and Utilization, CABI International Oxford, pp. 67-89.
  6. Amanullah, M Mohamed, E Somasundaram, K Vaiyapuri and K Sathyamoorthi. (2007). Intercropping in Cassava- A Review. 28(3): 179-87.
  7. Amponsah, S.K., Sheriff, J.T. and Byju, G., (2014). Comparative evaluation of manual cassava harvesting techniques in Kerala, India. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal, 16(2), pp.41-52.
  8. Boote, K.J. and Loomis, R.S., (1991). The prediction of canopy assimilation. Modeling crop photosynthesis-from biochemistry to canopy, (modelingcroppho) and pp.109-140.
  9. Ekanayake, I.J., Osiru, D.S. and Porto, M.C., (1997). Agronomy of cassava. IITA Research Guide.
  10. El-Sharkawy, M.A. (2004). Cassava Biology and Physiology1. Plant Molecular Biology, 56(4): 481-501, Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.1007/S11103-005-2270-7.
  11. Franck AD, William DT, Philip K, Karl AF, Irina K, Eric VG, Hugues N, Francesco P, Xugang L, Roland N, Thomas L, Klaus P (2008) Mechanical induction of lateral root initiation in Arabidopsis thaliana. 105(48): 18818-23. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0807814105.Epub 2008 Nov 24.
  12. Godfrey Ai, Ezekiel Uu, Donatus Fu (2012). Selection Criteria for Stem and Tuber Yields in Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Journal of American Science. 8: 1120-1124.
  13. Keating, B.A., Wilson, G.L. and Evenson, J.P. (1988). Effects of length, thickness, orientation and planting density of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) planting material on subsequent establishment, growth and yield. E. Afr. Agric. For. J. 53: 145-149.
  14. Keutgen M, Kubota F, Saitou K (2002). Effects of exogenous injection of sucrose solution to plant on the carbon distribution to tuberous root production in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.). Japanese Journal of Crop Science. 70: 575-579.
  15. Kramer PJ, Boyer JS (1995). Roots and root systems. Water relations of plants and soils San Diego, Academic Press Inc. U.S.A. pp. 115-166.
  16. Lebot, V. (2009). Tropical Root and Tuber Crops: Cassava, Sweet Potato, Yams and Aroids, Crop Production Science in Horticulture Series, Volume 17, Cabi, Wallingford, United Kingdom
  17. Legese, H., Gobeze, L., Shegro, A. and Geleta, N. (2011) Impact of Planting Position and Planting Material on Root Yield of Cassava. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 5: 447-454.
  18. Marcelis LFM, Heuvelink E, Goudriaan J (1998) Modelling Biomass Production and Yield of Horticultural Crops: a Review. Scientia Horticulturae. 74: 84-111.
  19. Phengvichith, V., Ledin, S., Horne, P. and Ledin, I., (2006). Effects of different fertilisers and harvest frequencies on foliage and tuber yield and chemical composition of foliage from two cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) varieties. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 6(3): pp.177-187.
  20. Ross, J.J., Reid, J.B., Weller, J.L. and Symons, G.M., (2005). Shoot architecture I: Regulation of stem length. Annual Plant Reviews online, pp.57-91.
  21. Smith H (1995). Physiological and ecological function within the phytochrome family. Annual Review Plant Physiol. Plant Molecular Biology. 46: 289-315.
  22. Suresh, S. and Suriyavathana, M. (2011). The Characterization of the Cassava Carbohydrate Cassava Varieties (CO5 AND H226). 30(1): 53–57.
  23. Tongglum, A., Vichukit, V., Jantawat, S, Sittibusaya, C., Tiraporn, C., Sinthuprama, S. and Howeler, R.H. (1992). Effect of Stake Position, Stake Length and Planting Depth on Cassava Yield in Rainy and Dry Season. In: [Howeler, R.H., (Ed.)], Cassava Breeding, Agronomy and Utilization Research in Asia: Proceedings of the 3rd Regional Workshop, Malang, 22-27 October 1990, 199-223.
  24. Toro, J.C. and Atlee, C.B. (1984). Agronomic Practices for Cassava Production, In: Seminar on Cultural Practices of Cassava. Embrapa, Salvador, Anais Brasilia.
  25. Wang, L. (2010). Efficient Production of L-Lactic Acid from Cassava Powder by Lactobacillus Rhamnosus. Bioresourtechnol. 101(20): P. 7895-901.
  26. Wijesinghe, W.A.J.P. and K.H. Sarananda, (2008). Utilization of Cassava through Freezing. Journal of Food and Agriculture. 1(2): 17-29.

Editorial Board

View all (0)