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Effect of Planting Pattern on Physico-chemical Properties of Two Garlic Cultivar

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-246    | Article Id: D-246 | Page : 554-559
Citation :- Effect of Planting Pattern on Physico-chemical Properties of Two Garlic Cultivar.Agricultural Science Digest.2021.(41):554-559
F. Fakhar, A. Biabani, M. Zarei, A. Nakhzari Moghadam abs346@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Crop Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gonbad-e-Kavous University, Iran.
Submitted Date : 18-03-2020
Accepted Date : 21-10-2020

Abstract

Background: Garlic (Allium sativum L.) member of the family Alliaceae, quality planting material is one of the major inputs to successful crop production. Planting spacing is the systematic evaluation of the farm area or any growing surface for crop production. 
Methods: In order to investigate the effect of planting pattern on morphology and physiology variables of two garlic cultivars an experiments was conducted as a factorial based randomized block design with three replications in research field of Gonbad-e-Kavous University during 2016-2017. The factors were included seven planting patterns (12.5×12.5, 15×15, 17.5×17.5, 20×20, 22.5×22.5, 25×25 and 27.5×27.5 cm) and two garlic cultivars (Tarom and Hamedan) and the measurements were phenology bulb yield, harvest index, biological yield and quality parameters (total phenol, antioxidant activity, total flavonoid and allicin).
Result: The highest bulb yield (19014.4 kg ha-1) was recorded in planting pattern 12.5×12.5 cm that obtained from the Hamedan cultivar. The highest and lowest of total phenol content ranged from 10.43 mg/100 g (27.5 × 27.5 cm) to 8.50 mg/100gr (12.5 × 12.5 cm). The antioxidant activity varied from 85.20% (27.5 × 27.5 cm) to 77.59% (12.5 × 12.5 cm). The results also showed that Hamedan cultivar had a higher bulb yield, total phenol, Flavonoid and antioxidant activity than Tarom cultivar. The minimum days to 50% leafing (24.16 days), days to 50% bulb initiation (74.50 days) and days to 50% maturation (152.83 days) observed in planting pattern 12.5×12.5 cm treatment.

Keywords

​Allium sativum L. Antioxidant activity Bulb yield Phenology Total phenol

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