Effects of Dietary Intake of Moringa oleifera Leaf Meal on The Growth Performance of Pullet Chicks

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-189    | Article Id: D-189 | Page : 194-198
Citation :- Effects of Dietary Intake of Moringa oleifera Leaf Meal on The Growth Performance of Pullet Chicks.Agricultural Science Digest.2020.(40):194-198
C.U. Ugwuoke, G.E. Eze, R.N. Mgbenka, B.A. Omeje, E.C. Osinem, N.S. Machebe cajethan.ugwuoke@unn.edu.ng
Address : Department of Agricultural Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
Submitted Date : 16-08-2019
Accepted Date : 30-03-2020


This study determined the effects of dietary intake of Moringa Oleifera  (M. oleifera) leaf meal on growth performance of pullets. Two hundred and forty Isa Brown day-old chicks were randomly allotted to 4 different treatment groups and each treatment had 3 replicates of 20 chicks each. At 4th week of age, birds in group 1 (T1)were fed with 16% crude protein (CP) grower diet (control feed; 0.0% M. oleifera) whereas birds in groups 2 (T2), 3 (T3) and 4 (T4) received the control feed supplemented with 2.5%; 5.0% and 7.5% M. oleifera leaf meal, respectively. Results indicate that although intake of  M. oleifera leaf meal did not affect final body weight and weight gain of the pullets (P>0.05), feed intake of the pullets declined significantly (P<0.05) as the amount of dietary M.oleifera intake was increased from 2.5% to 7.5%. Feed conversion ratio of T4 group was better (P<0.05) than those of control birds.


Moringa oleifera leaf meal Performance Pullet


  1. Abou-Elezz, F.M.K., Sarmiento-Franco, L., Santos-Ricalde, R. and Solorio-Sanchez, F. (2012). The nutritional effect of M. oleifera fresh leaves as feed supplement on Rhode Island Red hen eggs production and quality. Tropical Animal Health Production. 44(5): 1035-1040
  2. Aja, P.M., Ibiam, U.A., Uraku, A.J., Orji, O.U., Offor, C.E. and Nwali, B.U. (2013). Comparative proximate and mineral composition of Moringa Oleifera leaf and seed. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science. 2(5): 137-141
  3. Akhouri, S. Prasad, A. and Ganguly, S. (2013). Moringa oleifera leaf extract imposes better feed utilization in broiler chicks. Journal of Biological and Chemical Research. 30 (2): 447-450.
  4. Alabi, O.J., Malik, A.D., Ng’ambi, J.W., Obaje, P. and Ojo, B.K. (2017). Effects of aqueous M. oleifera (Lam) leaf extract on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Hubbard broiler chicken. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Sciences. 19(2): 273-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2016-1373.
  5. Alebachew W., Tesfaye E. and Tamir B. (2016). Effects of feeding different dietary levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on egg production, fertility and hatchability of dual purpose Koekoek hens. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 24: 2909-2920.
  6. AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis. (2005). Association of Official Analytical Chemists; Arlington, VA, USA.
  7. Ashok, P.K. and Upadhyaya, K. (2012). Tannins are Astringent. J Pharmaco and Phytochem. 1(3): 45-50.
  8. Cuxhaven (2005). Management guide for laying hens in deep litter, perchery and free-range systems. Retrieved on 09/03/    15 from http://lohmann-information.com/content/l_i_43_artikel6.pdf
  9. Elagib, H.A.A.; EL-Amin, W.I.A.; Elamin, K.M. and Malik, H.E.E. (2013). Effect of dietary garlic (Allium sativum) supplemen- -tation as feed additive on broiler performance and blood profile. Journal of Animal Science Advancers. 3(2): 58-    64. Doi: 10.5455/jasa.2013021910429.
  10. Foidle, N; Makkar, H. P. S. and Becker, K. (2001). The potentials of Moringa oleifera for agricultural and industrial uses in: [Fuglie and Lowele, J. (Ed)]. The Miracle Tree: The Multiple Uses of Moringa, CTA, Wangeningen, the Netherlands pp 45-76.
  11. Gadzirayi C.T., Masamha, B., Mupangwa, J.F. and Washaya, S. (2012). Performance of broiler chickens fed on mature Moringa oleifera leaf meal as a protein supplement to soyabean meal. International Journal of Poultry Science. 11(1): 5-10.
  12. Holik, V. (2015). Management of laying hens under tropical conditions begins during the tearing period. Lohmann Information. 50(2): 16-23.
  13. Maroyi, A. (2005). The utilization of Moringa Oleifera in Zimbabwe. Retrieved on 03/03/2015 http://www.jsd-africa.com/Jsda/Summer_2006/PDF/ARC_UtilizationMOeifera.pdf
  14. Mishra, S.P.; Singh, P. and Singh, S. (2012). Processing of Moringa oleifera leaves for human consumption. Bulletin of Environ- -ment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences. 2(1): 28-31.
  15. Moyo, B.; Masika, P.J.; Hugo, A.; and Muchenje, V. (2011). Nutritional characterization of Moringa (Moringa oleifera lam) leaves. African Journal of Biotechnology. 10: 12925-12933.
  16. Ndubuaku, U.M.,Nwankwo, V.U.,Baiyeri, K.P. and Ukonze, J. (2015). Anti-nutrient, vitamin and other phytochemical compositions of old and succulent Moringa (M. oleifera Lam) leaves as influenced by poultry manure application. African Journal of Biotechnology. 14(32): 2501-2509. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2015.14848.
  17. Ng’ambi, J.W., Molepo, L.S. and Ginindza, M.M. (2019). Effect of dietary Moringa oleifera seed meal inclusion on perfor- -mance and carcass quality of female Ross 308 broiler chickens. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(5): 628-633.
  18. Nkukwana, T.T.; Muchenje, V.; Pieterse, E.; Masika, P.J.; Mabusela, T.P.; Hoffman, L.C. and Dzama, K. (2014). Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on growth performance, apparent digestibility, digestive organ size and carcass yield in broiler chickens. Livestock Science. 161: 139-146. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2014.01.001.
  19. Oderkirk, A. (2013). Layer management: Egg size control. Retrieved on 06/03/2015 from http://www.perennia.ca/Fact% 20 Sheets/Livestock%20and%20Poultry/Non-Ruminant/Poultry/layer%20management%202.pdf
  20. Ogbe, A.O. and Affiku, J.P. (2012). Proximate study, mineral and anti-nutrient composition of Maringa oleifera leaves harvested from Lafia, Nigeria: Potential benefits in poultry nutrition and health. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences. 1(3): 296-308.
  21. Olabode, Z., Akanbi, C.T., Olunlade, B. and Adeola, A.A. (2015). Effect of drying temperature on the nutrients of moringa (Maringa oleifera) leaves and sensory attributes of dried leaves infusion. Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science. 3(5): 117-122.
  22. Olayemi, F.F., Awagu, F.E. and Bamishaiye, I.E. (2011). Comparative analysis of the nutritional composition of three different drying methods of Moringa oleifera leaves. International Journal of Applied Agricultural Research. 6(2): 131-138.
  23. Onunkwo, D.N. and George, O.S. (2015). Effects of M. oleifera leaf meal on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler birds. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 8(3): 63-66.
  24. Raphael, K.J., Christian, K.T., Juliano, R.S., Lisita, F., Soultan, M.Y., Herve, M.K. and Alexis, T. (2015). Effect of substituting soybean with Moringa oleifera leaf meal in diets of layers and egg quality characteristics of KABIR chickens. Journal of Animal Nutrition. 1(1) 1-6.
  25. Richter, N., Siddhuraju, P. and Becker, B. (2003). Evaluation of nutritional quality of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves as an alternative protein source for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Aquaculture. 217: 599–611.
  26. Roura, E., Baldwin, M.W. and Klasing, K.C. (2013). The avian taste system: potential implications in poultry nutrition. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 180(1-4): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2012.11.001
  27. Salim, A., Hasyim, M. and Adam, A. (2018). Nutrient contents of moringa leaves based on leaf age. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. 9(1): 397-345.
  28. Shete, S.M., Tomar, S.K., Sirohi, S.K. and Singh, B. (2011). Plant secondary metabolites as rumen fermentation modifiers: A review. Agricultural Reviews. 32(1): 1-13.
  29. Singh, G., Sharma, R.B., Singh, M. and Sharma, S.K. (2017). Utilization of agricultural wastes in participatory poultry farming with women under climatic conditions of Tonk district of Rajasthan. Agricultural Science Digest. 37(1): 60-63.
  30. Soetan, K.O. and Oyewole, O.E. (2009). The need for adequate processing to reduce the anti-nutritional factors in plants used as human foods and animal feeds: A review. African Journal of Food Science. 3(9): 223-232.
  31. Sreelatha, S. and Padma, P.R. (2009). Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of Moringa Oleifera leaves in two stages of maturity. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 64: 303-311.

Global Footprints