Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 39 issue 3 (september 2019) : 215-219

Variations in Soil Chemical Properties, Bacteria and Fungi  Populations Along Slope Positions and Profile Depths in Terraced and Non-terraced Lands of Rwanda highlands

A. Fashaho, G.M. Ndegwa, J.J. Lelei, A.O. Musandu, S.M. Mwonga
1<div style="text-align: justify;">Department of Crop Science, University of Rwanda, P.O. Box 210, Musanze, Rwanda</div>
Cite article:- Fashaho A., Ndegwa G.M., Lelei J.J., Musandu A.O., Mwonga S.M. (2019). Variations in Soil Chemical Properties, Bacteria and Fungi Populations Along Slope Positions and Profile Depths in Terraced and Non-terraced Lands of Rwanda highlands. Agricultural Science Digest. 39(3): 215-219. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-149.
The objective of the current study was to evaluate effect of terracing on soil chemical and biological properties in the Rwanda highlands. The study was done in March 2017. Composite soil samples were collected from the top, middle and bottom slopes of four-year-terraced and non-terraced lands, in three profile depths, in medium and high altitudes. Results showed that, levels of organic carbon (1.3, 1.04%) were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in non-terraced than terraced land, and populations of bacteria (3.59, 2.61 CFU*106g-1) and fungi (2.51, 1.57 CFU*104g-1) were significantly higher in terraced than non-terraced land, in the medium altitude, with no significant differences observed in the high altitude. Soil pH, total N, available P, CEC, exchangeable K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ levels in terraced and non-terraced lands were not significantly different in both altitudes. Thus, soil characteristics and fertility of the study areas showed slight changes after four years of terracing.
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