INFLUENCE OF METHODS OF SOWING AND N MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES ON YIELD ATTRIBUTES AND YIELD OF WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)

DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0547.33.4.025    | Article Id: ARCC325 | Page : 279-283
Citation :- INFLUENCE OF METHODS OF SOWING AND N MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES ON YIELD ATTRIBUTES AND YIELD OF WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) .Agricultural Science Digest.2013.(33):279-283
Mahesh Kumar* Ashok Yadav and Anil Kumar Mehta maheshkumarvats@yahoo.co.in
Address : CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar- 125 004, India

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2002-03 and 2004-05. Among the methods of sowing, Furrow Irrigated Raised Bed System (FIRBS) 3 rows as well as 2 rows recorded significantly higher spikes per meter row length, spikelet spike-1, spike length, grains spike-1 and 1000-grain weight than conventional sowing. Grain yield was recorded significantly lower under conventional sowing as compared FIRBS (2 rows) and FIRBS (3 rows), which were at par among themselves. Compared to broadcast of N, placement of N resulted in significantly higher values of yield and yields attributes (except 1000-grain weight). Among the different times of N applications, grain and straw yield was significantly higher with N application as 1/3 before sowing + 1/3 after Ist irrigation + 1/3 at spike emergence as compared to other N application treatments.

Keywords

Method timing of N application Sowing methods Wheat Yield Yield attributes.

References

  1. Alam, M.S., Nesa, M.N., Khan, S.K., Hossian, M.B. and Hoque, A. (2007). Varietial difference on yield and yield contributing characters of wheat under different level of nitrogen and planting methods. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 3 (11):1388-1392
  2. Chauhan, S.K. (2010). Effect of yield and yield attributes of wheat under saline water, amount of irrigation and methods of sowing. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika 25 (1): 22-25
  3. Deshmukh, S.C., Rathore, A.S. and Sinha, N.K. (1994). Efficiency of split application of nitrogen and phosphorus in irrigated wheat. Crop Research, Hisar. 8 (3): 493-498.
  4. DWR, (1999b). Progress Report, Resource management. AICWIP, Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal.
  5. Hossain, Altab, M. and Maniruzzaman, A.F.M. (1992). Response of rainfed wheat (Triticum aestivum) to method of 
  6. sowing and fertilizer placement. Indian J. Agron. 37 (4): 710-715.
  7. Jakhar, P., Singh, J. and Nanwal, R. K. (2006). Growth analysis of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) as influenced by planting methods, biofertilizers and nitrogen levels. Haryana J. Agron. 22 (1): 77-78
  8. Kumar, S. (2002). Studies on nitrogen management in bed planted timely sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). M.Sc. Thesis submitted to PAU, Ludhiana.
  9. Mariona, M., Rizzo, V. and Bari, V.DI. (1992). Effect of straw in corporation depth and time of nitrogen application on yield of durum wheat in continuous cropping. In Proceeding of Second Congress of European Soc. For Agron. Warwick Univ. 23-28 Aug. 1992 (Original not seen. Abstr. In field crop abstract, 46 Entry No.
  10. 07, 1993).
  11. Singh, K. (1996). Nitrogen management effects on yield and quality in durum wheat. M.Sc. Thesis. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
  12. Singh, K., Singh, R.P. and Dhillon, S.S. (1999). Effect of rate and time of nitrogen application on the end use quality of durum wheat. Crop Improv. 26 (2): 176-182.
  13. Singh, V.P. and Prasad, A. (1998). Response of early sown rainfed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to levels and method of nitrogen application in U.P. Hills. Ann. Agric. Res. 19 (3): 265-268.
  14. Tanveer, A., Ahmed, R., Ali, A. and Ayub, M. (2001). Chenopodium album competition with wheat (Triticum aestivum) in respect to nitrogen and grain yield. Indian J. Agric. Res. 35: 232-234.
  15. Uppal, R.S., Singh, R.P. and Singh, J. (2002). Effect of nitrogen levels and time of application on quality of durum wheat. Crop Improv. 29 (1) : 58-64.
  16. Yadav, A., Malik, R. K., Chauhan, B. S., Kumar, V., Banga, R. S., Singh, S., Yadav, J. S., Punia, S. S., Rathee, S. S. and Sayre, K. (2002). Feasibility of raising wheat on furrow irrigated raised beds in South-Western Haryana. International Workshop Proc. “Herbicide resistance management and zero tillage in rice-wheat cropping system.” pp. 201-6.
  17. Zhao, G.C., Z.H.He, Q.Z. Tian, K.M.Li, L.H.Liu, Z.H. Li and W.B. Zhang. (2004b). Effect of application of rate of nitrogen on its utilization in wheat by using 15N tracer technique. Acta Agron. Sin. 30:159-162.
  18. Zhu, X.K., W.S.Guo and Z.Q. Zhou. (2005). Effects of nitrogen on uptake, grain yield and quality of medium-gluten wheat yang-mai10. Agric. Sci. China 4: 421-428.

Global Footprints