MISMATCH BETWEEN ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS AND DIMENSIONS OF TOILET CHAIR: A CAUSE OF ACCIDENTS

Article Id: ARCC1456
Citation :- MISMATCH BETWEEN ANTHROPOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS AND DIMENSIONS OF TOILET CHAIR: A CAUSE OF ACCIDENTS.Agricultural Science Digest.2010.(30)
Nirmal Kaur, Promila Sharma and S.K. Rastogi
Address : College of Home Science, G.B.P.U.A.& T., Pantnagar, Uttarakhand,-263145,India

Abstract

In India approximately 20 per cent of people aged 70 years or older, and 50 per cent of people aged
85 and above, report difficulties in basic activities of daily living such as bathing and toileting. The
number of old people is increasing because of enhanced average life span and the old people with
disabilities specially related to joints which creates hindrance or cause pain in using Indian toilets. The
middle income group families in India are unable to construct European type toilets for their older
parents due to reasons like space problem in their homes, financial problem and sometimes the family
doesn’t bother about elders to take so much pain for them. Thus to overcome from this problem the
family members of the third age people had arranged the locally available toilet chairs for their older
parents but no consideration was given for the dimensions of those toilet chairs and the body dimensions
of third age people, which results in the accidents during and after its use. There fore, this study was
planned to sort out the dimensions for ergonomically designed toilet chair to reduce the cases of
accidents among third age people. For this purpose anthropometric data of 200 people of 60-70 years
of age of Pantnagar and Rudrapur. were taken and the mismatch between ergonomically designed
toilet chair as well as locally available toilet chair were measured Research design used for the study was
experimental and purposive sampling was used for data collection. Results showed that there was a
great difference between the locally available toilet chair and ergonomically designed toilet chair
dimensions and the body dimensions of third age people which caused accidents.

Keywords

Anthropometry Ergonomics Toilet chair.

References

  1. Kinsella, K. and Velkoff, V.A. (2001). An aging world: 201, U.S. Census Bureau, series. p 95/01-1, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
  2. U.S. Bureau of the Census (1996). Population Projections of the United State by age, Sex, Race and Hispanic Origin: 1995-2050, Current Population Reports. p 25-1130, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C

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