Agricultural Reviews

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Agricultural Reviews, volume 43 issue 3 (september 2022) : 362-367

Estrus Detection Methods in Dairy Animals- Advances and the Prospects: A Review

A.R. Madkar, P. Boro, M. Abdullah
1Livestock Production Management Section, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly-243 122, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Cite article:- Madkar A.R., Boro P., Abdullah M. (2022). Estrus Detection Methods in Dairy Animals- Advances and the Prospects: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 43(3): 362-367. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-2107.
Fertility over the past few decades is of serious concern in the dairy industry. Fertility of a dairy herd is determined by composite factors, which in turn depends upon effective management strategies. The reproductive potential of the animals need to be exploited to its maximum to achieve optimum production in a herd. The single most important factor that limits the establishment of pregnancy and survival of the embryo in dairy cattle and buffaloes and thereby reproductive efficiency of a herd is proper estrus detection, Pedometer or activity meter is a motion switches devices within which steps followed by animals are recorded. Activity meters can be attached to the neck or leg of cows and they may be read by a receiver and processed by computer in a milking parlour. By implementing automatic detection system, heat detection rates can be improved, for improving reproductive efficiency. The activity monitoring techniques can also be used to detect the silent ovulation which is helpful for improving efficiency and accuracy of estrus.

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