Underutilized Fruits of Assam for Livelihood and Nutritional Security

DOI: 18805/ag.R-1936    | Article Id: R-1936 | Page : 175-184
Citation :- Underutilized Fruits of Assam for Livelihood and Nutritional Security.Agricultural Reviews.2019.(40):175-184
U. Barua, R.P. Das, B. Gogoi  S.R. Baruah ubarua08@gmail.com
Address :
Department of Horticulture, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam
Submitted Date : 29-08-2019
Accepted Date : 24-09-2019

Abstract

India is endowed with a rich genetic diversity of fruits. The Hindustani centre represents 344 species of fruits. Northeast India, meeting ground of Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese bio-geographical areas is one of the 18 mega-biodiversity centers of the World, has contributed the fruit genera like Citrus, Musa, Mangifera, Docynia, Elaeocarpus, Myrica, Morus, Artocarpus, etc. There are a quite large number of indigenous and underutilized fruit crops, which are being used by the local inhabitants in rural areas. These underutilized fruits are fairly rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidant properties and are serving as protective food. Because of their curative properties, different parts of these fruit and plants have been used in ethno-medicines. Apart from their nutritive and medicinal values quite a few of these underutilized fruits have good flavor, colour and juice content and can be used for value additions. Several underutilized fruit species which have potential for commercial exploitation are yet to be utilized to their potential. These fruit crops have not undergone any conscious phase of domestication and selection. Their cultivation is very restricted and they grow in wild and semi wild condition and adapted to local climatic conditions. Hence they can thrive even under most adverse situation. Their adoption on a commercial scale, with crop improvement, standardization of cultural practices and popularization in diverse farming systems and value additions are warranted to achieve stability in farm production and food security. Many underutilized species, well adapted to marginal lands and with low cost inputs, may thus be of great benefit for the survival of poor communities, employment generation and sustainability of agricultural ecosystems.

Keywords

Fruits Minerals Nutrition Underutilized Vitamins

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