Agroforestry- A sustainable Tool for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1924    | Article Id: R-1924 | Page : 364-371
Citation :- Agroforestry- A sustainable Tool for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation.Agricultural Reviews.2020.(41):364-371
Harish Sharma, Dhirender Kumar, Ludarmani, K.S. Pant harish.s2077@gmail.com
Address : Department of Silviculture and Agroforestry, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan-173 230, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 19-07-2019
Accepted Date : 1-09-2020

Abstract

According to WMO (World Meteorological Organization), 2018 was the fourth warmest year on record and average global temperature reached approximately 1°C above pre-industrial level portraying climate change. Changing weather had an impact on lives and sustainable development especially in developing countries. Agriculture is the human enterprise that is most vulnerable to climate change. Large percentage of the population of developing countries depends upon agriculture for their livelihoods. Agroforestry, is an age old management system practiced by farmers to provide shade, a steady supply of food throughout the year, arrest degradation and maintain soil fertility, diversify, increase and stabilize income sources, enhance use efficiency of soil nutrients, water and radiation and provide regular employment thereby increasing system resilience. Agroforestry, thus provides an example of a set of innovative practices designed to enhance productivity in a way that often contributes to climate change mitigation and can also strengthen system’s ability to cope with adverse impacts of changing climate conditions.

Keywords

Agroforestry Climate change Mitigation Vulnerability

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