Impact of climate change (heat stress) on livestock: adaptation and mitigation strategies for sustainable production

DOI: 10.18805/ag.R-1777    | Article Id: R-1777 | Page : 130-136
Citation :- Impact of climate change (heat stress) on livestock: adaptation and mitigation strategies for sustainable production.Agricultural Reviews.2018.(39):130-136

S.K. Das

Address : Training and Education Centre, ICAR- Indian Veterinary Research Institute Shivajinagar, Pune - 411 005, Maharashtra, India.
Submitted Date : 16-12-2017
Accepted Date : 8-02-2018

Abstract

It is reported sporadically in different countries of the world including India that climate change has adverse effect on livestock productivity, particularly on milk production and growth which is reflected in meat production indirectly. Climate Change poses formidable challenge to the development of livestock sector in India. The rise in temperature between 2 to 3 °C over the entire country together with increased humidity resulting from climate change is likely to aggravate the heat stress in dairy animals resulting in reduced growth and milk production. Quantification of these potential impacts of climate on livestock production allows producers to gain a better understanding of the magnitude of the changes in production levels and potential indicators of livestock response, on which managemental actions depend. Economic losses resulting from temperature-induced reductions in production may justify adaptation and mitigation of adverse impact of climate change on animal. So in this paper impact of climate change on feed intake, production, reproduction, physiology, disease occurrence in livestock, poultry etc were discussed. Moreover different adaptive and mitigation measures were discussed to reduce adverse negative effect of climate change for sustainable livestock production.  

Keywords

Adaptation Climate Change Impact Mitigation Production.

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