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Effect of mulching on soil and water conservation -A review

Rupali Sharma and Sandeep Bhardwaj
Department of Horticulture, COA, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
rupali_flori@rediffmail.com

Page Range:
311-315
Article ID:
R-1732
Online Published:
27-11-2017
Abstract
The need to increase food production and improve the quality of our environment has prompted a search for materials to control wind and water erosion. This paper is a review of research and development associated with application, methods, and amounts of mulch types-crop residues, chemical soil stabilizers, and feedlot wastes (manure)-required to control wind erosion. An effective wind erosion control treatment is one that can resist a 38.0 m/s wind as measured at 15.2 m.  Mulching has becomes an important practice in modern field production. Mulch paper reduces the application of chemical fertilizer and herbicide, weed control and maintain the land temperature. This article reviews the published research on mulches and discusses the opportunities that they solving the problem in agriculture.
Keywords
Conservation, Mulching, Plastic mulch, Soil properties, Weeds.
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