Ruminant and environment: A review

DOI: 10.18805/ar.v37i1.9268    | Article Id: R-1433 | Page : 72-76
Citation :- Ruminant and environment: A review .Agricultural Reviews.2016.(37):72-76

S.R. Lahoti*, N.S. Rathi1 and S.R. Chole2

shantilahoti@yahoo.co.in
Address :

Department of  Dairy Science, Yogeshwari Science College, Ambajogai-431 517, India.

Abstract

Major green house gases are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide which are emitted directly and indirectly by ruminants. More than 80 per cent methane is normally produced during enteric fermentation. Methane has the second largest contributor to the green house effect and has 23 times more global warming potential than carbon dioxide. The Indian contribution of methane from all sources is around 12 per cent of total world production, in which mostly by emission by ruminants. India possesses largest ruminant population. An effort is made to mitigate the methane production in the ruminants. Nutritional management  like good quality feed, use of higher concentrates, supplementing cattle diets with urea molasses block licks, fiber palletisation, breeding management like AI., ETT, In vitro fertilization which improves genetics and reproductive efficiency can also improve production efficiency which reduces green house gas emission.

Keywords

Enteric fermentation Global warming Green house gases Methane emission Pollution.

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