NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF BRINJAL (SOLANUM MELONGENA L.) - A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC2491 | Page : 79 - 88
Citation :- NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF BRINJAL (SOLANUM MELONGENA L.) - A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2008.(29):79 - 88
Sat Pal Sharma and J. S. Brar
Address : Regional Station, Punjab Agricultural University, Bathinda-151 001, India

Abstract

Brinja1, being widely adaptable, has emerged as a remunerative crop with the advent of high
yielding varieties and F1 hybrids. In this crop both vegetative as well as reproductive phases of
growth proceed simultaneously thereby, it becomes necessary to keep the plants supplied with the
nutrients throughout the growing period. Scrupulous study of the available information shows that
the brinjal gives variable response to the applied fertilizers under different agro-climatic conditions.
Response to nutrients varies from 75 to 300 Kg nitrogen, 30 to 224 Kg phosphorus and 0 to 80 Kg
potassium per hectare. Organic manures, biofertilizers and micronutrients have also been reported
to improve the productivity. It has been observed that there is dire need of authentic fertilizer
recommendations for high yielding Fl hybrids. This article reviews the innovations on these aspects.

Keywords

References

  1. Adea-Kagya, K. and Norman, J.C.(1977). Acta Hort., 53:397-401.
  2. Alam, M.M. et al. (1980). Pl and Soil, 57:231-236.
  3. Aliev, D.A. (1971). CAB Abstrs., AN: 730307760.
  4. Aliev, D.A. (1972). Hort. Abstr., 43:66687
  5. Anonymous., (1954). Indian Fmg., 4:15-20.
  6. Assami, Y. and Kadata, T.(1933). Agri Hort Tokyo 8:1379-1398.
  7. Avakjan, H.C.et al. (1969). Hort.Abstrs.,41: 9143
  8. Bandopadhyay, C.R. et al. (1972). In: Proc. Third Int. Symp.Subtrop-trop.Hort.Banglore, Feb. 1872, pp.148-149.
  9. Bhupal Raj G et al. (2001). Veg. Sci. 28: 80-81.
  10. Bid, W.N et al. (1993). Proceedings of workshop on micronutrients. pp. 305-10.
  11. Chadha, A.P.S et al. (1998). Recent Hort., 4 : 156-157..
  12. Chandrasekharan, P. and George, C.M. (1973) Agri. Res. J. Kerala, 11: 106-108.
  13. Dahama, A.K. (1994). Organic farming for sustainable agriculture. Agro Bectanica, 4E-176 IN, Vyas Nagar, Bikaner,
  14. Rajasthan, India.
  15. Dhaliwal,G.S. and Kler, D.S.(1995). Principles of Agricultural Ecology. Himalaya Pub House, Bombay, India.
  16. Dhesi, N.S. and Nandpuri, K. S. (1965). Vegetable growing in Punjab, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
  17. Doikova, M. (1976). Gradinastro., 57: 28-31.
  18. Doikova, M. (1977). CAB abstrs., AN 780360942 .
  19. Doikova M, et al. (1981). Vasail Kolarov 26: 95-77.
  20. Dunyamalyev,M.Z.(1975). CAB abstrs., AN 770351687.
  21. Gaikwad, R.M. and Wani, P.V. (2001). J. Maharashtra Agri. Univ. 26: 29-32.
  22. Gaur, A.L. (1990). Phosphate Solubilizing Micro Organisms as Biofertilizer. Omega Sci Pub. New Delhi pp.1-3.
  23. Gerber, J.M. (1981). Illinois res., 23: 12-13.
  24. Ghanti, P et al (1982). Orissa J. Host. 10: 24-27
  25. Gyanakumari and Satyanarayana, G.(1971) Indian J. Agrlc Sci., 41: 554-56.
  26. Gupta, A. et al. (1978). Indian J. Hort., 35: 352-358.
  27. Gupta, A. and Rao, G.G. (1984). Indian J Hort. 41: 259-64.
  28. Hegde, D.M.(1997). Nutrient requirements of solanaceous vegetable crops. Ext. Bull ASPAC Food and Fertilizer Tech.
  29. Centre No. 441, p.9
  30. Vol. 29, No. 2, 2008 87
  31. Honda, F. et al (1970) Bull. Hort. Res. St. (Kurume) 6: 57-73
  32. Ingle, V.G. et al. (2000) J. Soils. Crops., 10: 163-164.
  33. Iwata: M. I. et al. (1968) J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci., 37: 340-344.
  34. Jose, D. (1988). Indian J. Hort., 45: 100-103.
  35. Jayalaxami Devi H.et al (2002). Veg. Sci., 29: 45-47.
  36. Jyothi, K.U. and Shanmugavelu, K.G. (1985a). S. Indian Hort., 33: 234-39.
  37. Jyothi, K.U. and Shanmugavelu, K.G. (1985b). Indian Hort., 33: 381-88.
  38. Jyotishi, R. P. and Kashyap, R.(1967). J.N.K.V.V. Res. J., l: 38-43.
  39. Kamili, I.A. (2002) Veg. Sci. 29: 87-89.
  40. Kamalnathan, S. et al. (1969). Madras Agric J. 56: 214-26.
  41. Karpagam, R. et al (2002). South Indian Hort., 52: 139-145.
  42. Lal, S. and Singh, D. N.(1976). Indian J. Hort. 33 : 258-61
  43. Malyshkina, M.S. (1975). CAB abstrs., 760345896.
  44. Mangual (1980). J. agric. Univ. Puerto Rico. 65: 250-257
  45. Maurya, A.N. and Singh, V.K. (1978). Haryana J. Hort. Sci., 7: 217-219.
  46. Mehrotra, O.N. (1973). Prog. Hort., 4: 93-100.
  47. Mehta, Y.R. (1969). Vegetable Growing in Uttar Pradesh, Bure. of Agri. Ing. Lucknow, UP.
  48. Mertia, N.S. and Chauhan, K. S. (1970) Allahabad Farmer, 44: 439-45.
  49. Mishra, G.M. and Choudhury, B. (1972). Proc. Third. Int. Symp. Subtrop. trop. Hort. Bangalore, Feb. 1972 , p.152.
  50. Mitra, P. C. and De, R. (1969) Indian Fmg. 19: 23-24.
  51. Nagarajan, S.S. and Shanmugasundaram, S. (1961). Madras Agric. J. 418:22-23.
  52. Nandekar, D.N. and Sawaskar, S.D. (1990). Orissa J. Hort. 18: 1-5.
  53. Nanthakumar, S. and Veeraraganathaatham, D. (2001). South Indian Hort., 49: 195-198.
  54. Nanthakumar, S. and Veeraragavaththam D. (2003) South Indian Hort., 51: 163-167.
  55. Narayanama, M. et al (2006) Veg. Sci. 33: 94-95.
  56. Nikoleava, S.I. (1975). CAB abstrs., AN 750329088.
  57. Patil, P.L. et al. (1992). Organic farming. Proc. The national seminar on organic farming, April 18-19, MPKV, College of
  58. Agriculture, Pune, India.
  59. Patnaik, B. P. and Farooqui, M. M. (1964). Fert. News, 9: 21-25.
  60. Prabhu, M. et al. (2002a) South Indian Hort., 52: 122-127.
  61. Prabhu, M .et al. (2002b). South Indian Hort., 52: 128-134.
  62. Prabhu, M. et al. (2001) South Indian Hort. 51: 152-156.
  63. Raghupath, H. B. and Bhargava, H.S.(1997) Karnataka J. Agric. Sci.,10: 977-981.
  64. Rajeevan, P.K. and Rao, N.S. (1980). Agric.Res.J.Kerala.,18: 45-50.
  65. Ramu, N. and Muthuswamy, S. (1964) Madras Agric. J., 51: 80-81.
  66. Rao, T.S.S.S. and Sankar, C.R. (2001). South Indian Hort., 49: 288-291.
  67. Rastogi, K.B.et al. (1979). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 49: 680-82.
  68. Ravichandran, M. et al. (1995) Annals of Agri. Res., 16: 282-295.
  69. Reddy, K.B. and Reddy, E.N. (1986). S. Indian Hort., 34: 100-04.
  70. Reddy, P.N. et al. (1988). Mysore J. Agric. Sci, 22: 490-92.
  71. Sat Pal et al. (2002). Veg. Sci., 29: 90-91.
  72. Sat Pal and Saimbhi M.S. (2003). Res. Crops, 4: 217-222.
  73. Selvaraj, K.V. and Ramamoorthy, K.(1990). Prog. Hort., 22: 147-50.
  74. Sethi, J.N. and Dhaudher, D.G. (1970). Prog. Hort., l: 45-50.
  75. Sharma, R.C. and Sharma, H.C. (1988). J. Agric Sci., 111: 193-195.
  76. Shelke, S. R. et al. (2000). J. Mah. Agri. Univ., 24: 297-298.
  77. Singh, K. (1969). Brinjal cultivation .Farm Bull. No. 24. PAU, Ludhiana.
  78. Singh, K. and Sandhu, D.S. (1970). Punjab Hort. J., 10: 103-110.
  79. Singh, R. D. (1974). Indian Farm. Digest, 7: 43-44.
  80. Singh, S. et al. (1988). Haryana J. Hort. Sci., 17: 237 -40.
  81. Singh, S.S. and Maurya, A.N. (1983). Haryana. J. Hort. Sci.,12: 237-240.
  82. Singh, V.N. and Symanol, M.M. (1995). J. Res. Birsa Agric. Univ. 7: 137-139.
  83. Srivastava, B.K. and Singh, M. P. (1985). Prog. Hort., 17: 103-108.
  84. Subbiah, K. and Sundaranajan, S. (1986). South Indian Hort., 34: 44-45.
  85. Subbiah, K. and Sundaranajan, S. (1987). South Indian Hort., 35: 407-12.
  86. Subbiah, K. et al. (1983). South Indian Hort., 31: 387-89.
  87. 88 AGRICUTURAL REVIEWS
  88. Subramanian, K.S. et al. (1993). South Indian Hort., 4: 16-21.
  89. Sulikeri, G.S. et al. (1977). South Indian Hort., 36: 203-204.
  90. Tandon, H.L.S. (1987). Fertilizer Recommendation for Horticultural Crops in India - A Guide Book. Fertilizer Dev.
  91. Consult.Org., New Delhi.
  92. Thamburaj, S. and Singh, N. (Eds.). (2001). Text book of vegetables, tuber crops and spices. ICAR New Delhi pp. 42.
  93. Tomar, V. K. et al. (1998). Bhartiya Krishi Anusanthan – Patrika, 13: 153-156.
  94. Umarani, N. K. and Khot, B.D. (1973). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 43: 786-88.
  95. Vadival, F. et al . (1988). South Indian Hort., 36: 203-204.
  96. Verma, J.R. et al. (1974). Prog Hort. 6: 25-26.
  97. Villora, G.G. et al. (1998). Phyton Bulnos Aires : 63: 93-96.
  98. Wani, P.V. (1980). A review J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ. 5: 114-147.
  99. Yadav A.C. et al. (2004) Haryana J. Hort. Sci., 33: 284-286

Global Footprints