Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

  • NAAS Rating 4.63

Frequency :
Quarterly (March, June, September & December)
Indexing Services :
AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Reviews, volume 34 issue 1 (march 2013) : 50-61


S. Bharathi*, R. Veeraraghaviah, A.S. Rao, T.C.M. Naidu
1Regional Agricultural Research Station (ANGRAU) Lam, Guntur, India
  • Submitted|

  • First Online |

  • doi

Cite article:- Bharathi* S., Veeraraghaviah R., Rao A.S., Naidu T.C.M. (2023). INFLUENCE OF legume crops and fallows on fertilizer NITROGEN REQUIREMENT AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SUCCEEDING MAIZE-A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 34(1): 50-61. doi: .
Maize being an exhaustive crop demands for higher fertilizer application, especially N fertilizer and the addition of nutrients through fertilizers is, however, far below the crop removal. Exploring low - cost agronomic practices is highly imperative in the present day agriculture to increase farmers profitability and environmental safety. Further, while devising fertilizer N recommendations to a crop it is necessary to consider cropping sequence as a whole rather than that individual crop per se because the need for nutrients by a crop would vary depending upon the preceding crop type and its inputs usage. This review provides an update on the research undertaken on productivity and nitrogen requirement of maize as influenced by  preceding cropping practices.
  1. Adiku S G K Jones J W Kumaga F K and Tonyigah A 2009 Effects of crop rotation and fallow residue management on maize growth, yield and soil carbon in Savannah forest transition zone of Ghana. Journal of Agricultural Science 147 : 313-322.
  2. Ahlawat I P S Gangaiah B and Singh O P 2005 Effect of fertilizer and stover management on productivity and soil fertility in chickpea(Cicer arietinum) – maize (Zea mays) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 75(7):400-403.
  3. Ahmed F B Singh K N and Malik M A 2009 Integrated weed management in maize (Zea mays L.) under different nitrogen levels. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 79(8) : 641-644.
  4. Amujoyegbe B J Opabode J T and Olayinka A 2007 Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on yield and chlorophyll content of maize ( Zea mays L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.Moench). African Journal of Biotechnology 6 (16):1869-1873.
  5. Angels S and Prager M M 1989 Evaluation of green manures in a maize- legume production system. Acta Agronomica 39: 97-120
  6. Balasubramanian V and Nnadi L A 1980 Crop residue management and soil conservation in savanna areas. In: FAO Soil Bulletin No. 43:15.
  7. Balkcom K S and Reeves D W 2005 Sunnhemp utilized as a legume cover crop for corn production. Agronomy Journal 97: 26-31.
  8. Balyan J S and Seth J 1989 Effect of cropping system on maize production and their residual effect on succeeding wheat. Indian Journal of Agronomy 34: 57-60.
  9. Bangarwa A S Kairon M S and Singh K P 1988 Effect of plant density, level and proportion of nitrogen fertilization on growth, yield and yield components of winter maize(Zea mays L) Indian Journal of Agricultural science 58(11) 854-856.
  10. Baskaran S, Kandaswamy P and Manickam T S 1992 Effect of N levels and soils on the NPK uptake by maize. Madras Agricultural Journal 79(11): 623-627.
  11. Bhal G S and Pasricha N S 2000. N-utilization by maize (Zea mays L.) as influenced by crop rotation and field pea (Pisum sativum L.) residue management. Soil Use and Management 16(3) : 230-231.
  12. Bhandari A L Sharma K N Kapur M L and Rana D S 1989 Supplementation of N through green manuring for maize growing. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 37: 483 - 486.
  13. Bharathi S Subbiramireddy A Bindumadhavi G 2010 Productivity of zero tillage maize influenced by nitrogen levels in rice maize system. Indian Journal of Envirinmental Sciences and Ecoplanning.17(3):535-537.
  14. Bharathi S Bindumadhavi G Subbiramireddy A 2011 Fertilizer application method in rice fallow maize production. Agricultural Science Digest 31(3):229-231
  15. Bin J 1983 Utilization of green manure for raising soil fertility in China. Soil Science 135(1) : 65-69.
  16. Channabasavanna A S Nagappa and Biradar D P 2007 Effect of integrated nutrient management on productivity, profitability and sustainability of irrigated maize. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 20 (4) 837-839.
  17. Cherr C M Scholberg J M S and McSorley R 2006 Green manure approaches to crop production : A synthesis. Agronomy Journal 98: 302-319.
  18. Dasaraddi S V 1998 Effect of in-situ incorporation of legumes intercropped with maize in maize-safflower relay cropping system under rainfed condition. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis submitted to University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad
  19. Dhillon S S Cheema S S Sandhu S S and Sharma J S 1987 Response of maize and wheat in a sequence to different levels of preparatory tillage at varying levels of N and P. Indian Journal of Agronomy 32(4) : 347-350.
  20. Franke A C Laberge G and Oyewole B D 2008 A comparison between legume technologies and fallow, and their effects on maize and soil traits, in two distinct environments of the west African savannah. Nutrient Cycle Agro ecosystem 82:117-135.
  21. Franke A C Schulz S Oyewole B D and Bako S 2004 Incorporating short season legumes and green manure crops into maize- based systems in the moist Guinea of the savanna of west Africa . Experimental Agriculture 40:463- 479.
  22. Gangwar K S and Sharma S K 1994 Fodder-legume intercropping in maize (Zea mays) and its effect on succeeding wheat(Triticum aestivum). Indian Journalof Agricultural Science 64 (1): 38-40.
  23. Gangawar B Duhoon S Pandy D K 2006 Diversification of maize based cropping systems. Indian Farming. 56 (60 : 20-24.
  24. Gaur B L Manison P R and Gupta D C 1992 Effect of nitrogen levels and their splits on yield of winter maize (Zea mays L.) Indian Journal of Agronomy 37(4):816-817.
  25. Ghosh P K Singh N P 1996 Production potential for summer legumes-maize (Zea mays) sequence under varying levels of nitrogen. Indian Journal of Agronomy 41(4) : 34-38.
  26. Ghosh P K Bandypadhyay K K Wanjari RH Manna MC Mishra AK Mohanty M 2007 Legume effect for enhancing productivity and nutrient use efficiency in major cropping systems—an Indian perspective: a review. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 30(1):61–86
  27. Giller K E and Wilson K J 1991 Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems. CAB International Wallingford UK.
  28. Gokman S Sencer O Saken M A 2001 Response of popcorn (Zea mays everta) to N rates and plant densities. Turkey Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 25 : 15-23
  29. Grewal H S Kolar J S and Kang J S 1992 Effect of combined use of green manure and nitrogen on the productivity of maize (Zea mays) –wheat (Triticum aestivum L) system. Indian Journal of Agronomy 37: 635-638.
  30. Gupta B N Tripathi S N 2001 Influence of growing sunnhemp as fiber green manure and dual purpose crop on the yield and economics of rice – wheat sequence under varying NPK levels. Indian Agriculture 45 (1&2) : 65-73.
  31. Haque I 1992 Use of legume biological N fixation in crop/livestock production systems. In: Biological N fixation and sustainability of Tropical Agriculture. Eds, Mulongoy K Gueye K M and Spencer D S C. A Wiley – Sayce Co- Publication:423 - 437.
  32. Hebbi B S 2000 Influence of in situ moisture conservation practices in sunnhemp green manuring and levels of nitrogen on rabi sorghum. M. Sc. (Agri.) thesis submitted for the University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad.
  33. Herridge D and Rose I 2000 Breeding for enhanced nitrogen fixation in crop legumes. Field Crops Research 65 : 239-248.
  34. Hussaini M A Ogunlela V B Ramalan A A and Falaki A M 2008 Mineral composition of dry season maize (Zea mays L.) in response to varying levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and irrigation at Kadawa, Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4(6) : 775-780.
  35. Iremiren G O Adewuni P O Aduloju S O and Ibitoye A A 1997 Effects of pactrobutrazol and nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield of maize. Journal of Agricultural Science ,Cambridge 128(4) : 425-430.
  36. Itnal P K and Palled Y B 2001 Studies on intercropping of sunnhemp green manuring in hybrid maize. Karnataka Journal Agricultural Sciences 14 (3) 586-592.
  37. Jehan B Ahmed S Tariq Md Akber H and Shafi Md 2006 Response of maize to planting methods and fertilizer N. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science.1(3):8-14
  38. Jerenyama P Oran Hesterman B Waddington Stephen R Harwood Richard R 2000 Relay intercropping of sunnhemp and cowpea into small holder maize system in Zimbabwe. Agronomy Journal 92 : 239-244.
  39. Jerenyama P Stephen Waddington R Oran Hesterman B and Richard Harwood R 2007 Nitrogen effects on maize yield following groundnut in rotation on small holder farms in sub humid Zimbabwe. African Journal of Biotechnology 6 (13) : 1503-1508.
  40. Jolly R S, Sawhney J S Bhajan Singh and Sidhu M S 1987 Integrated fertilizer management of maize - wheat rotation following early summer fodders. Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University. 24 (4): 529-535.
  41. Kaul J N Kumar M and Brar Z S 1994 A physiological analysis of growth, dry matter partitioning and grain yield of transplanted winter maize in relation to nitrogen management. Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University 31(1) : 9-11
  42. Khot R B Umrani N K Desale J S and Pol P S 1993 Effects of plant spacings and nitrogen levels on maize seed production. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural University 18(1): 155-156.
  43. Kirkegaard J Christen O Krupinsky J and Layzell D 2008 Break crop benefits in temperate wheat production. Field Crops Research 107: 185- 195
  44. Kumar S and Bangarwa A S 1997 Yield and yield components of winter maize (Zea mays L.) as influenced by plant density and nitrogen levels. Agricultural Science Digest 17(3):181-184.
  45. Ladha J K Pathak H Krupnik T J Six J Van Kessel C 2005 Efficiency of fertilizer nitrogen in cereal production- retrospects and prospects. Advances in Agronomy 87 : 85-143.
  46. Lal R 1979 No tillage effects on soil properties under different crops in Nigeria. Soil Science Society of America 40: 762-768.
  47. Lelei J J Onwonga R N and Freyer B 2009 Organic based nutrient management strategies: effect on soil nutrient availability and maize (Zea mays L.) performance in Njoro, Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research 4 (2): 92-99.
  48. Martensson A M and Rydberg I 1996 Cultivar X rhizobial strain interaction in pea with respect to early symbiosis, nodule initiation and N uptake. Plant Breeding 115: 402-406.
  49. Mulik S P More S M Deshapande S S and Patel J D 1989 Studies on nitrogen on yield nutrient uptake and moisture utilization by winter sorghum. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 35:417420.
  50. Mukundan B Madhukar Rao P Raja V Raizuddin Ahmed S 2009 Effect of kharif rice package on productivity and profitability of sequential maize under zero tillage. Green Farming 2(7) : 440 - 442.
  51. Munuswamy V Sriramamurthy V M M and Reddy C N 1990 Effect of fertilizer nitrogen levels on dry matter yield of maize. Madras Agriculture Journal 77(5-6):244-245.
  52. Nimje P M and Seth J 1988 Effect of nitrogen on growth, yield and quality of winter maize. Indian Journal of Agronomy 33(2):209-211.
  53. Nooli S S 2001 Influence of in-situ green manuring of intercropped legumes on the performance of maize-safflower sequence cropping. M. Sc. (Agri.) thesis submitted for the University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad.
  54. Ojiem J O Ridder N Vanlauwe B and Giller K E 2006 Socio ecological niche: a conceptual frame work for integration of legumes in small holder farming systems. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 4:79-93
  55. Ojiem J O Ridder N Vanlauwe B and Giller K E 2007 Niche based assessment of contributions of legumes to the nitrogen economy of Western Kenya small holder farms. Plant Soil 292:119-135.
  56. Omraj M Khafi H R Shekh M A Asha C M and Davda B K 2007 Effect of vermicompost and nitrogen on content, uptake and yield of rabi maize. Crop Research 33(1,2&3): 53-54.
  57. Padmaja M Sreelatha D and Rao K L 1999 Effect of nitrogen on nutrient uptake in maize (Zea mays L.) types. Journal of Research Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University 27(4): 112-114.
  58. Palled Y B Manjappa K Desai B K Guggari A K and Prabhakar A S 1997 Effect of subabul (Leucaena leucocephala L.) green manuring alley cropped with maize (Zea mays L.) under irrigated red soil. Indian Journal of Agronomy 42(1): 188-190.
  59. Palm C A, Giller K E, Mafongoya P L and Shift M J 2001 Management of organic matter in the tropics: translating theory into practice. Nutrient Cycle Agroecosystem 61: 63-75.
  60. Panchanathan R M Mohandass S and Kandaswamy P 1987 Effect of moisture regimes and nitrogen application on maize. Indian Journal of Agronomy 34(4): 471-472.
  61. Patel G J Patel G N Goyal S N and Arha M D 1999 Response of winter maize (Zea mays L.) to different soil moisture regimes and nitrogen levels. Journal of Gujarat Society of Agronomy and Soil Science 2(1):1-2.
  62. Pathak S K Singh S B Singh S N 2002 Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and economics in maize (Zea mays)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy 47(3) : 325-332
  63. Prasad V K Thakur H C Pandey S S Pandey R O and Sharma N N 1987 Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on winter maize in calcareous saline alkali soil. Indian Journal of Agronomy 32(3) 217-220.
  64. Prusty J C Pal M and Dayanand 1987 Influence of nitrogen on yield and yield attributes of maize under different methods of weed control and cropping systems. Indian Journal of Agronomy 32(4):370-373.
  65. Rachpal Singh Vig A C and Singh N S 1982 Nitrogen substitution with green manures in maize- wheat rotation. Indian Journal of Agronomy 27(4) : 371-376.
  66. Rahim A A Zulkifi Shamsuddin and Othman Yaacob 1994 Contribution of nitrogen to growth of maize in legume- maize rotation on limited ultisols. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science 17(3) :173-184.
  67. Rajodh S Verma H N and Gill M S 1994 Performance of crop sequences on coarse textural soil under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 64 : 152-155.
  68. Reddy N C Reddy S R V Raja V and Munuswamy V 1988 Response of some new maize germplasm to nitrogen levels. Haryana Journal of Agronomy 4: 69-73.
  69. Sanginga N Okugun J A Vanlaubwe B Diels J Carsky R J Dashiell K 2001 Nitrogen contribution of promiscuous soybeans in maize cropping systems. SSSA Special Publication 58,Madison, USA :157-177.
  70. Sarkar R K Saha A Chakraborty A Mukhopadhya S 2000 Possibilities of growth of crops after aman rice constaints and potential. Indian Farming.50(4) : 4-5.
  71. Selvaraj R and Irutharaju M R 1995 Effect of irrigation, methods of irrigation and nitrogen levels and nutrient uptake by maize (Zea mays L.). Madras Agricultural Journal 82(3): 216-216.
  72. Shanti K Rao V P Reddy M S and Sharma P S 1997 Response of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrid and composite to different levels of nitrogen. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 67(8): 326-327.
  73. Sharma A R and Behera U K 2009 Nitrogen contribution through sesbania greenmanure and dual-purpose legumes in maize-wheat cropping system: agronomic and economic considerations. Plant Soil 325: 289-304.
  74. Sharma A R and Mitra B N 1988 Effect of green manuring and mineral fertilizer on growth and yield of crops in rice- based cropping on acid lateritic soil. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 110 : 605-608.
  75. Sharma A R Ratan Singh Dhyani S K Dube R K 2009 Moisture conservation and nitrogen recycling through legume mulching in rainfed maize (Zea mays)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Nutrient cycle Agro ecosystem Published on line Springer Science Business Media B.V.2009.
  76. Sharma J P 1983 Economy in fertilizer use through organic manures in growing maize. Indian Journal of Agronomy 28(2): 154-155.
  77. Sharma K N Bhandari A L Kapur M L and Rana D S 1991 Nitrogen use efficiency patterns in four cultivars of hybrid maize. Journal of Research., Punjab Agricultural University 28 (1):16-19.
  78. Shashidhara G B 1986 Legume effect on the surrounding crop in a sequential cropping system. M.Sc (Agri) Thesis submitted for University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore.
  79. Shivaran D R and Ahlawat I PS 2000 Effect of cropping systems and fertilizers on pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) and wheat (Ttriticum aestivum) in pigeonpea-wheat sequence. Indian Journal of Agronomy 45(4) : 669-676.
  80. Shivay Y S Singh R P and Pandey C S 1999 Response of nitrogen in maize (Zea mays L.) based intercropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy 44(2): 261-266.
  81. Shivay Y S and Singh R P 2000 Yield attributes yield and nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) as influenced by cropping systems and nitrogen levels. Annals of Agricultural research 21(4) : 494 - 498.
  82. Sidhu A S Sekhon N K Thind S S and Hira G S 2003 Residue management for sustainable crop production in summer moong-maize-wheat sequence. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 22 (2) : 43-54.
  83. Silva P S L E Diniz Filho E T Granjeiro L C and Duarte S R 2000 Effect of nitrogen rates and deltamethrin application on yields of green ears and grain yield of maize. Field Crop Abstracts 53(9): 5980.
  84. Singh A Vyas A K and Singh A 2000 Effect of nitrogen and zinc application on growth, yield and net returns of maize (Zea mays L.) Annals of Agricultural Research 21(2): 296-297.
  85. Singh B and Brar S P 1985 Effect of organic manures and nitrogen on grain yield and soil properties in a maize- wheat rotation. Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University 22 : 243-252.
  86. Singh J Dhindwal A S Malik A S and Poonia S R 1993 Effect of irrigation regime and nitrogen on winter maize under shallow water table condition. Journal of Water Management 1(1): 22-24.
  87. Singh R and Totawat K L 2002 Effect of integrated use of nitrogen on the performance of maize (Zea mays L.) on haplustalfs of sub-humid southern plains of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 36(2): 102-107.
  88. Singh R N Sautaliya R Ghatak R and Sarangi S K 2003 Effect of higher application of nitrogen and potassium over recommended level on growth, yield and yield attributes of late sown winter maize (Zea mays L.) Crop Research Hisar 26 : 71-74.
  89. Singh R P and Kaushik M K 1987 Nitrogen economy in maize – legume intercropping system. Annals of Agricultural Research 8(1) : 105-109.
  90. Singh Y Khind C S and Singh B 1991 Efficient management of leguminous green manures in wet land rice. Advances in Agronomy 45:135-189.
  91. Sujatha M G Lingaraju B S Palled Y B and Ashalatha K V 2008 Importance of integrated nutrient management practices in maize under rainfed condition. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science 21(3):334-338.
  92. Sur H S Sidhu A S Singh R Agarwal G C and Sandhu K S 1993 Long-term effect of green manuring on soil physical properties and production potential in green manure maize-wheat sequence. Annals of Agricultural Research 14 : 125-131.
  93. Tanimu J Iwuafor E N O Odunze A C and Tian G 2007 Effect of incorporation of leguminous cover crops on yield and yield components of maize. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(2) 243-249.
  94. Tesfa Bogale Assenga R H Mmbaga T E Friesen D K Kikafunda J and Ransom J K 2001 Legume fallows for maize based systems in eastern Africa : Contribution of legumes to enhanced maize productivity and reduced nitrogen requirements. Seventh Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Maize Conference 11th-15th February,324-329.
  95. Thanki J D Patel P G and Thanki S D 1988 Response of hybrid maize to graded levels of nitrogen, phosphorous and potash in summer season. Gujarat Agricultural University Research Journal 14(1) : 55-57.
  96. Timsina J Quayyam M A Connor D J Saleque M Haq F Panaullah G M Jahan M A H S Begum R A 2006 Effect of fertilizer and mungbean residue management on total productivity soil fertility N-use efficiency in intensified rice-wheat systems. International Journal of Agricultural Research (1):41-52.
  97. Tiwari R C Sharma P K and Khadelwal S K 2004 Effect of green manuring through Sesbania cannabina and Sesbania rostrata and nitrogen application through urea to maize (Zea mays) in maize wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy 49(1) 15-17.
  98. Tripathi S B and Hazra C R 2002 Forage productivity of winter maize under legume covers as influenced by nitrogen fertilization. Forage Research 28 (2): 55-58.
  99. Walia U S Dhaliwal B K and Brar L S 1991 Influence of nitrogen levels and weed control methods on grain yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University 28(2) : 164 -168.
  100. William E J 1992 Nitrogen fertilizer and dairy manure effects on corn yield and soil nitrate. Journal of Soil Science Society of America 56: 148-154.
  101. Yadav R P Shrivastava U K Namdea K N Agarwal S K and Rastogi V K 1982 Response of some promising maize varieties to nitrogen levels under irrigated condition. Madras Agriculture Journal 69(6): 372-375.
  102. Yusuf A A Janssen B H and Chude V O 2003 Substitution rates of N, P and K in farmyard manure on an alfisol in northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Environmental Institution Development 97(1/2):93-105.
  103. Yusuf A A Iwuafor E N O Abaido R C Olufajo O O and Sanginga N 2009 Effect of crop rotation and nitrogen fertilization on yield and nitrogen efficiency in maize in the northern guinea savanna of Nigeria African Journal of Agricultural Research 4(10) 913-921.

Editorial Board

View all (0)