EFFECT OF TILLAGE PRACTICES AND SEED PRIMING ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF UPLAND CROPS IN RICE FALLOWS – A REVIEW

Article Id: ARCC2099 | Page : 150 - 154
Citation :- EFFECT OF TILLAGE PRACTICES AND SEED PRIMING ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF UPLAND CROPS IN RICE FALLOWS – A REVIEW.Agricultural Reviews.2009.(30):150 - 154
B. Mukundam, M.Venkata Ramana , C.Subha Lakshmi and V. Raja
Address : Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture. ANGRAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. India

Abstract

The practice of puddling benefits rice cultivation but it adversely affects the succeeding
upland crops by altering the physical, physico-chemical and microbial properties of the
soil. The key to successful management of upland crops in rice fallows lies in maintenance
of optimum plant stand by manipulating the soil tilth by proper tillage practices, seeding
and stand establishment techniques like seed priming. Priming is a pre-sowing practice
by which seeds are allowed to imbibe moisture or liquids followed by drying. Many
experiments proved that primed seeds ensure proper germination and good stand of
many crops especially upland crops grown in rice fallows, than non- primed seeds. The
information on tillage and seed priming effects on upland crops in rice based cropping
systems has been reviewed hereunder

Keywords

Tillage practices Seed priming Upland crops Rice fallows

References

  1. Aggarwal, P. et al (1997) J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci 45(3): 434 -438
  2. Akers, G. A (1987) Hort Science. 22(2): 250-252
  3. Bodsworth, S. and Bewley, J. D (1981) Can. J. of Bot. 59: 672-676
  4. Bouaziz, A. (1987) Implantation d’un peuplement de ble tended en conditions seches. Analyse Physique et modelisation. These de doctorat. Institute Agro- nomique et Veterenaire Hassan II. Rabat, Morroco Brad ford, K. J (1986) Hort. Sci. 21: 1105 - 1112
  5. Chippa, B. P. and Lal, P. (1988) Indian J. Plant Physiol.. 31(2): 183-185
  6. Dennis, F. and Page, W. M. (1978) Plant Physiol. 62(1) :161-162
  7. Drew, R. L. K. and Dearman, J. (1993) Seed Sci Technol. 21: 411-415
  8. Dharmajith Kanungo (2001) M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis submitted to Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad, India
  9. Emerson, W.W., et al (1978). In modification of soil structure (Emerson W W et al ed. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester Pp. 363-370
  10. Furutani, S .C. et al (1986) Seed Sci Technol. 14: 545-551
  11. Gill, K.S. et al (1996) Soil Till. Res. 39: 213-227
  12. Gupta, R.P, et al (1984) Soil Management to increase crop production. ICAR, New Delhi, India
  13. Gurumurthy, P. (2000) Ph.D Thesis Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad. India
  14. Gurumurthy, P. and Singa Rao, M. (2003) Indian J. Oilseeds Res 20(1): 81-86
  15. Harris, D. et al. (1999) Expl. Agric. 35 : 15-29.
  16. Harris, D. and Jones, M. 1997. Intern. Rice Res. Notes 22: 2,30
  17. Hurly, R. F et al (1991) Ann. Appl. Biol. 188 : 175-184
  18. Kaur, S. (2002) Intl. Chickpea and Pigeonpea News Letter 9 : 15-17.
  19. Kaur, S. et al (2003) Intl. Chickpea and Pigeonpea News letter 10 : 18-20.
  20. Khan, A. R. (1984) Soil Till. Res. 4 : 225-236.
  21. Khan, A. R and De Datta, S. K (1983) Soil Till. Res. 3 : 171-184.
  22. 154 AGRICUTURAL REVIEWS
  23. Kumar, A et al. (2002) Int. Sorghum and Millets News Letter 43 : 90-92.
  24. Laddha, K. C and Totawat, K. L (1997) Ann. Arid Zone 37(4) : 373-376.
  25. Lee, S. S et al. (1998) Kor. J. Crop Sci. 43 : 194-198.
  26. Lindsay, J I et al. (1983) Soil Till. Res. 3 : 185-196.
  27. Misra, N. M. and Dwivedi, D. P (1980) Indian J. Agron. 25(2) : 230-234.
  28. Muhyaddin, T. and Wiebe, H. J (1989) Seed Sci. Tech. 17 : 49-56.
  29. Murungu ,F. S et al. (2004) Expl. Agric. 40(1) : 23-36.
  30. Musa, A. M et al. (1999) Entil. Chickpea and Pigeonpea News Letter 6 : 20-22.
  31. Nayyar, H and Malik, C. P (1993) Agric. Sci. Digest 13(1) : 27-30.
  32. Nienow, A .W et al. (1991) Seed Sci. and Technol. 9 : 107-116.
  33. Omer, M. A and Elamin, E .M 1997. Soil Till Res. 43: 229-240
  34. Patel, K. K et al. (1978) Indian J. Plant Physiol. 21(2) : 133-141.
  35. Patil, S. K et al. (2001) Nitrogen dynamics and crop growth on an alfisol and a vertisol under a direct seeded rainfed lowland rice based system 70 (3) : 185-199.
  36. Paul, S. R and Choudhary (1991) Annual Agric. Res. 12(4) : 415-418.
  37. Pill, W. G (1994) In: Seed Quality (Ed. Basra A S ) Pp. 319-359.
  38. Pratibha, G. et al. (1994) Indian Soc. Oil seeds Res. Pp. 297-301.
  39. Pratibha, G .et al. (1995) Ann. Agric. Res 16(2) : 156-163.
  40. Qin, H. and Zheng ,G. H (1994) Plant Physiol. Comm. 30 : 24-26.
  41. Rashid, A. et al. (2004) Prospects for saline Agric. 423-431.
  42. Reena, T R D et al. (1999) J. Soils and Crops 9(1) : 72-74.
  43. Sen, A. and Misra, N. M (1984) Madras. Agric. J. 71(3) : 159-162.
  44. Sharma, P. K et al. (1988) Soil Till. Res. 12 : 65-79.
  45. Shetty, S.V.R and Moody, K.(1984) In: Proc. of 13th Anniversary and Annual convention of Pest Control Council of Phillippines Incorp. Pp. 108.
  46. Singa Rao, M.et al. (1995) Soil physical constraints and their management for increasing crop production in Andhra Pradesh, Highlights of Research 1967-1994
  47. Thakuria, R. and Sarma, N. N (1995) Indian J. Agron. 40(2) : 288-290.
  48. Thakuria, R. K and Choudhary, J .K (1995) Indian J. Agron. 40(3) : 412-414.
  49. Vijaya Kumar,C. (1991) M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis ANGRAU, Hyderabad, India.
  50. Vijaya Kumar, C. et al. (1999) J. Oil Seeds Res. 16(2) : 362-366.

Global Footprints